Wednesday, September 24, 2014

Mongolia Brief September 19, 2014 Part II

Summary of State Visit of President of China Xi Jinping to Mongolia Introduced at Cabinet Meeting
September 19 ( The regular Cabinet meeting of the Government was held on September 18, 2014, where over 40 issues were discussed and the first issue revised was the state visit of the President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping to Mongolia conducted on August 21-22, 2014.

The state visit summary was intoduced and agreed to submit to the National Security Council of Mongolia obliged by Foreign Minister L.Bold.
The main purpose of the visit of the head of China to Mongolia was to ensure mutual trust building and common understanding, to strengthen friendly ties and to develop the establishment, equality and mutually beneficial cooperation in the strategic partnership between Mongolia and China.
During the Presidential visit to Mongolia paid after 11 years, China and Mongolia have signed a Joint Declaration on the Development of Comprehensive Strategic Partnership; moreover, 26 Memorandums, Protocols and Agreements were inked between the two Governments and organizations that directed to broaden bilateral cooperation. In addition, 11 documents were signed between entities of the two countries.
Following the negotiations, Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China have principally agreed:
- To provide at least 40% of tariff concession on Mongolia’s transit freight to transport through the territory of China,
- To open new four border ports at Gashuun Sukhait - Gants Mod, Shivee Khuren - Sekhee, Bichigt - Zuun Khatavch, and Sumber - Rashaan,
- To increase the number of seaports for Mongolia and to transport at least 1/3 of total transit freights from Asia to Europe through the territory of Mongolia;
During the visit, China pledged to provide a grant aid of 1.3 billion CNY in the period of three years to come and a soft loan of 1 billion CNY.
Also, strengthening mutual understandings between the peoples of two countries and exchanging cultural and humanitarian cooperation activities, the Governments of China and Mongolia have negotiated to implement the following programs in the next 5 years:
- To increase the quota of scholarships provided by the Government of China by 1,000,
- To involve 1,000 people from Mongolia in short-term training programs in China,
- To train 500 Mongolian military officials in China,
- To invite 250 media staff and 500 youths from Mongolia to China for experience exchange and tourist purposes,
- To invite 250 youths from China to Mongolia for tourist purposes;
These measures are aimed to deepen cooperation and strengthen mutual understanding in the Mongolia-China friendly relations, besides to contribute to the sustainability of the exchange programs between young people including children.
Moreover, since 2006, the two countries’ authorities have been discussing to arrange all bilateral treaties, protocols and agreements’ effectiveness established between Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China from 1949 to 2012, and a Protocol to accomplish this joint work was also signed during the President Xi Jinping’s visit.
Thereof, a working group chaired by Deputy Foreign Minister D.Gankhuyag has accomplished and introduced the summary, which was approved at the Cabinet meeting.
Accordingly, Deputy Foreign Minister D.Gankhuyag affirmed that Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China had established a total of 425 agreements, whereas 152 documents are effective and 273 agreements’ effective period are ended.
Visit of Xi Jinping SummarizedMontsame, September 19

Summary of Working Visit of President of Russia Vladimir Putin to Mongolia Introduced at Cabinet Meeting
September 19 ( At the regular Cabinet meeting held on September 18, 2014, the summary of the working visit of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin to Mongolia was revised, which was conducted on September 03, 2014.
The visit summary was introduced and agreed to submit to the National Security Council of Mongolia obliged by Foreign Minister L.Bold.
The main outcomes of the working visit paid by the Russian President V.V.Putin to Mongolia was reaffirmed as priorities of Mongolia’s foreign policy to deepen joint collaboration and relations with the Russian Federation and further to strengthen Mongolia-Russia strategic partnership and the two Governments were obliged to accelerate on resolving current urgent problems in the bilateral cooperation.
During the Presidential visit to Mongolia, the Government representatives of the two countries have signed on 15 intergovernmental documents and the following intergovernmental negotiations were agreed:
- In the frameworks of Mongolia-Russia military-technical cooperation, to modernize Mongolian Armed Forces’ weaponry and equipment,
- To prepare Mongolian military personnel in Russia,
- To involve Mongolian Armed Forces representative in the grand military parade dedicated to the 70th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945, which will be celebrating at Red Square in Moscow in 2015,
- To develop legal frameworks under concessional terms to supply Mongolia's agricultural products, including meat & meat products, wool, cashmere, leather, skin products and Mongol Ger (traditional felt dwelling) on Russian market,
- To establish in the near future an Agreement on soft loan of 50-100 billion RUB between Finance Ministries of the two states that would provide necessary resources of Russian currency in Mongolian market,
- To immediately start a project on modernization of Ulaanbaatar Railway JSC and finish by 2020 that aims to construct a parallel railway and to electrify the railway network,
- To establish necessary agreements within this year on increasing freight transit transportation volume between Russia and China through Mongolian territory;
In the frameworks of modernization the Ulaanbaatar Railway JSC, at the first phase, an electrified parallel railway will be constructed in the routes of Sukhbaatar – Sainshand – Zamyn-Uud with capacity of up to 100 million tons of freight transportation.
Moreover, the Intergovernmental Agreements on reciprocal visa-free travel between citizens of the Russian Federation and Mongolia, and on reciprocal transferring illegal immigrants were approved at the Cabinet meeting.
In the scope of the Agreement on reciprocal visa-free travel, nationals of the two countries will be eligible to travel up to 30 days, but not to exceed 90 days in any 180 day-period. The agreement will enter into force after 30 days since the two parties officially notice each other the accomplishment of internal rules.

Mongolian Delegation Meets High Officials of US Department of State
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, September 19 (MONTSAME) The Ambassador-at-Large S.Badral and an advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs O.Mashbat Thursday held a meeting with Mr Scott Busby, the Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor at the US Department of State, and with Mr Christopher Painter, the U.S. Department of State Coordinator for Cyber Issues in Washington DC.
The parties exchanged views on a chance to collaborate within Mongolia’s presidency for the Freedom Online Coalition (FOC). Then the US side expressed a willingness to render Mongolia a support in hosting the FOC’s Conference in 2015.
The same day, the diplomats met with Ms Nese Guendelsberger, a Deputy Chief of the Federal Communications Commission's International Bureau, and Ms Susan Ritchie, Senior Advisor, Bureau of International Information Programs at US Department of State. The sides shared views on participating in the 2014 International Telecommunication Union Plenipotentiary Conference to be held in October in Pusan, South Korea, on developing bilateral cooperation in communications and on a chance of organizing mutual visits. 

Agreement on Visa Exemption with Russia to Be Enforced
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, September 19 (MONTSAME) Agreements on visa exemption conditions and returning of illegally immigrated citizens have been signed.
The cabinet ob August 28 approved the protocol enforcing the regulations to implement agreements of Visa Exemption for Mongolian and Russian citizens and returning of illegal immigrants, and theses were signed during the recent working visit of the Russian President to Mongolia.
According to the agreement, citizens of the two countries will be able to travel with no visa for up to 30 days, but not to exceed 90 days within 180 days. The other agreement regulates the terms of returning the citizens who have crossed another country’s border without a legal permission. 
The agreements will come into force 30 days after the sides confirm pursuits of required domestic regulations. 

Two Countries to Mark 40th Anniversary of Diplomatic Ties
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, September 19 (MONTSAME) On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and Japan to be marked on September 23, a broad spectrum of art and cultural events has been hosted by both sides.
They are, for instance, a Mongolian and Japanese calligraphy exhibition “Sky and sun partnership”, staged in Ulaanbaatar August 20 and to be displayed in Japan this November, a famous Japanese artist Sh.Shikandai's solo exhibition in Ulaanbaatar this August, and twenty Mongolian artists' plan to join “14 views of Mount Fuji” tour this October. In parallel, Mongolian music bands and singers are going to make a Japan tour in October and to perform at the Japanese Music Festival opening, reports press and public relations division of MFA. 

Intergov’t Protocol on Implementation of Contracts Approved
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, September 19 (MONTSAME) At its meeting on Thursday, the cabinet adopted an intergovernmental protocol on the implementation of bilateral contracts and treaties established between Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China (PRC). 
A working group led by the Vice Foreign Minister D.Gankhuyag has estimated that the two countries established 425 contracts between 1949 and 2012, and that 152 documents are still valid and the rest have expired.
The intergovernmental protocol was signed by the Foreign Ministers of the two countries during the state visit of the PRC President Xi Jinping to Mongolia this August. 
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