Friday, November 14, 2014

Mongolia Brief October 22, 2014

Bill on Ratifying Amendments to Int'l Convention Presented
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) The state Minister and MP Ch.Saikhanbileg presented Wednesday a draft law on accepting and ratifying the amendments to the Convention on Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency to the Speaker of parliament Z.Enkhbold.

Mongolia signed this Convention on June 14 of 1991 and declared its membership to the Agency by parliament’s ratification of the convention on July 23 of 1998.
MIGA is a member organization of the World Bank and issues non-financial risks guarantees for investments toward developing countries. The non-financial risks include: non-sustainability of political and social states, properties alienation, breach of agreements, risks of foreign exchanges etc.

Proposal Submitted to Appoint N.Battsereg as Minister
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) A head of the Cabinet Secretariat for Government Ch.Saikhanbileg Wednesday submitted to the Speaker Z.Enkhbold a proposal on appointing Mr N.Battsereg MP, a head of the "Justice" coalition's faction, as the Minister of Road, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development.

No Visas Granted for Citizens of Ebola Regions
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) Department for Citizenship and Migration informed on October 22 that it will not issue any visas and personal invitations to Mongolia for uncertain period of time for the applicants from the Ebola-struck regions.
Ebola virus, the sanguinolent high fever contagious disease, started breaking out in Western African countries--Sierra Leon, Liberia, Nigeria and Guinea, has now officially reached the USA, Spain and Senegal.
The department, in frames of its guidelines to check all passengers and vehicles crossing the borders, advises not to travel to the countries that have reported Ebola outbreaks and not to send invitations to those who live in such regions.

President Elbegdorj Meets Reps of MIT
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) The leader of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj Tuesday received a delegation headed by a director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for external relations affairs.
The MIT delegation is visiting us at invitation of the Ministry of Education and Science in order to get acquainted with activities of our higher education organizations.
At the meeting, Mr Elbegdorj said that Mongolia gives an importance to the partnership between the MIT and Mongolian universities, "this partnership will be fully supported by the President and Government of Mongolia. And I believe that this will give certain impetus to the development of our country".
The he expressed a hope that this partnership, based on the education and sciences field, "will be the basis for bringing into Mongolia the world class education and that Mongolia will be an education hub in the region by expanding such partnership". Mongolian education sector will make good progress by attracting internationally recognized scientists and teachers, he added.
"By cooperating with the MIT, Mongolian universities will be able to provide the top education programs of the world. The President’s decree to grant our Government scholarships for students who have been selected by the world top 100 ranked universities is closely related with the current event,' he said.

Views Sounded on Int'l Human Rights' Agreements
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) Our Government representative to the 69th session of the UN GA O.Enkhtsetseg expressed the Government’s views on implementation of international agreements for human rights at the Third Committee meeting on October 21 in New York.
She emphasized an importance of ensuring the performances of international agreements in universal maintenance and security of the human rights and freedom. She also expressed appreciation and support for the operations of the UN Human Rights High Commission, in light of pursuing the above objectives.
The measures were presented taken in the arena of coordinating the domestic laws to the international norms and regulations, in frames of the legal renovation that is taking place in Mongolia. She spoke about Mongolia’s ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, activities for obtaining memberships to the Convention Against Torture and the Convention on Children’s Rights, and about the deliveries to the related commissions of regular reports on Mongolia’s pursuance of conventions on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, and of Discrimination against Women.

President Congratulates Medalists of Asian Games
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) The leader of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj visited Tuesday Mongolia's national Olympic committee to award those who successfully had competed in the 17th Asian Games “Incheon 2014” the Presidential prize.
Our athletes reached noticeable achievement winning 21 medals--5 gold, 4 silver and 12 bronze and ranking the 16th among 45 countries.
Mr Elbegdorj congratulated them and said:" I am truly pleased to meet with our sportsmen who successfully participated in the Incheon-2014. Our generations of state and government have been according special attention to supporting sports, and we should continue this tradition. Mongolia supported sports not only during the years of socialism, but in the early years of our history".
"During the Great Mongol Empire, a sporting competition known as the Naadam Festivity was organized and widely celebrated by the people of Mongolia. This tradition has been maintained and widely spread in Mongolia.
"A country that has historical sports tradition remains powerful, even though it has a small population. Through this factor, a country upholds its dignities and reputations".
He also said that paying attention to supporting sports is not only a duty of some authorities and officials, but also a lifetime commitment for the people who involved in sports, and reaffirmed his  commitment to sport, paying close attention to sport and being with athletes.
"In 1998, when I was Prime Minister I issued a resolution to grant monetary rewards to sportsmen. During that time, the situation in Mongolia was difficult. This is one of my key decisions, during my short time Premiership. This resolution also included a decision to award artists who made successful achievement in the cultural festivals and competitions".
He said he is glad that this resolution has always been supported and implemented by the Mongolian Governments of all time up until now.

Children's musicals days coming
October 22 ( The Mongolian National Song and Dance Ensemble is hosting children`s musicals days between October 28-30th.
The “Notorious White Mare” and “Spoiled White Foal” children's musicals, based on Mongolian fairy tales about adventure and morality lessons of animals, will be staged at 1:00 p.m. on October 28, 29 and 30th.
The musical adventure of a stubborn, arrogant, spoiled blue baby goat “Kid Goat is a Pretty Name" will be performed at 11:00 a.m. on October 28, 29 and 30th.
Over 150 artists of the Mongolian National Song and Dance Ensemble will take part in the children's musicals geared towards children from the ages of 3 to 13 for this program.

Road Traffic Victims Day marked in Mongolia today
October 22 ( October 22nd is Road Traffic Victims Day in Mongolia, a day to raise public awareness about road traffic accidents.
There will be a day-long event for Road Traffic Victims Day today in front of Dragon Center in Songinokhairkhan district, organized by the Ulaanbaatar Traffic Police,  between 11:30 a.m. and 1:00 p.m.
A parade of crashed vehicles loaded on trucks will serve as evidence of the terrible consequences of traffic accidents and will travel from Officers' Palace to Dragon Center along Peace avenue at 10:00 a.m.
At the Kharkhorin Market, students and disabled people will hold a parade and join the march to Dragon Center.
There will also be a photo exhibition of scenes from road traffic accidents and a display of vehicles crashed on the road at 1:00 p.m.
The parade of crashed vehicles will continue from Dragon Center to Baga Toiruu along Peace Avenue, to remind residents to drive safely and commemorate victims of road traffic accidents.

Hundreds of clay sculptures created by Zanabazar discovered
October 22 ( Researchers discovered hundreds of rare clay sculptures of Buddhist gods, crafted with the delicacy of Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, during a salvage excavation at the remains of Saridag Temple in Erdene soum in Tuv Province.
The Institute of History of Mongolian Academy of Sciences conducted the salvage excavation at Saridag Temple in collaboration with the Bogd Khan Palace Museum and Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism, from August to September.
Publicly known as Sairdag Temple, its official name is Ribogejailin Temple, and Mongolia's first Bogd Zanabazar built it on his own.
Undur Gegeen Zanabazar was isolated there for 30 years, from his twenties to fifties.
The newly discovered clay sculptures by Undur Gegeen Zanabazar were debuted to the public today at 8:00 a.m. at Bogd Khan Palace Museum, in the presence of researchers of the Institute of History of Mongolian Academy of Sciences and officials from the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism.

DP, MPRP make a joint statement on controversial agreement
October 22 ( Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag and former President N.Enkhbayar made a joint statement at a press conference on the controversial cooperation agreement between their political parties at the Government House today.
The cooperation agreement between the DP and MPRP, signed by DP leader Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag and MPRP leader and former President N.Enkhbayar on October 18th, has been hotly debated in political circles and led to numerous speculations and accusations.
Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag stated, “There has been much talk over the DP and MPRP cooperation agreement over the past two or three days. In particular, there is much misguided thought about articles and the cooperation agreement among DP members. Some even misunderstand and have misconceived the articles of the agreement. Therefore, we have decided to make a joint statement about the agreement to provide unification and internal understanding within the party. So we, the MPRP leader and I, are to announce three things. 
"First of all, the cooperation agreement should be valid when it is reviewed by the parties' executive committees.
"Secondly, we agree to create a task force regarding amendments and corrections to the agreement, as both of the parties do not have the same ideas about the agreement.
"Third, we agree to have the agreement reviewed by the executive committees of the two parties after a task force works on details of the agreement and the parties have the same notion about the agreement.
"In conclusion, rumors are likely to be spread about the agreement, as the agreement was signed between two individuals, not between two parties. There was also the release of a fake contract that counterfeited our signatures. Thus, we will approach legislative officials for verification, as rumors and lies have crossed the line."

Announcement of Rights Offering Closure
October 22 ( BDSec JSC’s Shareholders approved to issue additional shares equal to 35.29% of the company’s outstanding shares through its Annual General Meeting on April 18, 2014. As the company’s existing shareholders were given preemptive rights to purchase the newly issued shares before a public issue 32.61% of the total issue or 1,956,625 shares worth of MNT 3,778,242,875 have been subscribed by the existing shareholders.
The majority of BDSec’s shareholders including “Firebird Management” of USA, institutional and individual investors from Japan, Germany and Turkey have all exercised their preemptive rights. It simply proves that foreign investors are still committed and confident of the future potentials of the Mongolian capital markets.
BDSec would like to express its sincere gratitude to all of the shareholders who have participated in the rights offering.
BDSec CEO, Mr. Dayanbilguun.D said: “The fact that our shareholders have once again proved their commitment to BDSec gives an opportunity not only to us but also to the market itself as we will use the raised funds to bring domestic companies to the capital markets which could be a driving force in today’s market conditions.”
About Public Issue
The Company plans to offer the remaining 4,043,375 shares to public at MNT 2,146 per share or above, and finish the offering by the last week of November.
Investors are able to purchase the shares by submitting a sample order form to their broker before November 24, 2014.
About BDSec
BDSec was restructured as a public company in 2006 by issuing 10,000,000 shares offered at MNT 100 per unit. In August 2008, the Company successfully issued 1,000,000 additional shares which were offered at MNT 3,000 a share.
Since the IPO in 2006, BDSec’s share price has rallied from MNT 100 to trade between MNT 2150 and MNT 4600 in the last 3 years. BDSec is one of the Top 20 listed companies on the Mongolian Stock Exchange in terms of the market value as well as the traded volume.
As the company has a high level of corporate governance 5 out of 9 directors of its board are independent directors. BDSec is also audited by BDO, one of the leading auditors in the world. Since becoming a public company, BDSec has consistently distributed dividends to its shareholders, namely in 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2013.
About Business
Brokerage: 180,000 clients, 8 branches and 25 to 91% of market share.
Investment Banking: Helped domestic companies to raise 71 billion MNT through IPOs, private placements, bonds and convertible loans.
Investment Advisory: Advises 16 companies. Most notably “Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi” LLC, the national strategic coking coal deposit holding company.
Research: Published 22 different types of research materials for investors in English as well as in Mongolian language.
Use of Proceeds
Use of proceeds will be used to further strengthen BDSec’s investment banking activities by helping domestic companies to raise necessary investments.
For more information:
Twitter: @BDSecJSC
Headquarters: (976) 11-313108, (976) 11-321763

Mongolia to join Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
By S. Az
October 22 (Mongolian Economy) Xi Jinping, President of China, has requested Mongolia’s cooperation on the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. Mongolia has accepted the proposal, according to officials. The bank is to be a Chinese alternative to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
China’s initiative is considered a region-centric push toward infrastructure investment for Asia’s developing countries, as well as a solution for financial sources and balanced allocation of monetary flow throughout Asia. Chinese and Mongolian parties will sign the cooperative memorandum on the 24th of October, 2014. According to its plans, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank will begin operation by the end of 2015. 
The establishment would mean another financial investment source for Mongolia, which needs financial support for infrastructure and for other important growth sectors.

3.6 percent growth for Mongolia
By Bayartogtokh
October 22 (Mongolian Economy) According the Central Bank of Mongolia, 2014 is to show a mere 3.6 percent GDP growth for Mongolia. Foreign Direct Investment dropped by 70 percent, while the coal market has showed little sign of recovery. This has slowed economic growth for Mongolia. The cost of coal is down to a mere USD 30 per tonne. Meanwhile, financing for the underground mine at Oyu Tolgoi has been delayed. 2015 may see only 6.1 percent growth, according to predictions found in Mongolia’s 2015 monetary policy outline. 
According to the Development Bank of Mongolia, growth would reach 7.5 percent this year; the World Bank estimated the economy to grow by 6.3 percent. Their projections are twice as optimistic as Mongol Bank’s.
Mongolia must resume its mega projects in order ensure a return to significant growth. The Oyu Tolgoi project is one of Mongolia’s great hopes. The other is the Tavan Tolgoi project. Last year, the country’s economy grew by 11.6 percent. After a dip this year to single digits, revitalisation of the mega projects may bring growth back to double digits.

ADB Team Works on Site to Get Acquainted with Project to Develop Western Regional Road Corridor of Mongolia
October 22 ( On October 21, 2014, the Bayan-Ulgii Aimag Governor Kh.Darmyen welcomed the team of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) headed by Alternate Director responsible for Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, and Thailand, Mrs. Khin Khin Lwin, the ADB Country Director Mr. Robert Schoellhammer and other delegates to introduce the provincial development strategy.
In June 2014, Government of Mongolia and the ADB have resolved to finance the second phase of the "Western Regional Road Corridor Development Investment Program" and under this agreement, the ADB delegates arrived on the site to get acquainted with the project to carry out.
Under the resolved investment of 125 million USD, a total of 189.7 km paved road will be constructed in routes of Ulgii-Khovd and Tsagaannuur-Ulaanbaishint, of which 103.9 km road from Khovd, the center of Khovd Aimag to Khashaat Davaa, 60 km road from Khashaat Davaa to Tolbo Sum of Bayan-Ulgii Aimag, 25.8 km road from Tsagaannuur village of Nogoonnuur Sum (Bayan-Ulgii Aimag) to Ulaanbaishint border port in Tsagaannuur Sum of Bayan-Ulgii Aimag will be accomplished by December 2016 with proposed physical completion and the Project is expected to be finished by December 2018.
Moreover, the Project comprises of three bridges and 14.9 km of urban roads rehabilitated in Khovd and Ulgii towns. The project objective is to provide more accessible and efficient transport infrastructure within the Western region of Mongolia connecting neighboring countries.

Over 100 National Manufacturers to Join 2014 City Big Sale Day
October 22 ( The October 29th of 2014 is the 375th anniversary of the Capital City and in the scope of the Day, the Mayor's Office is organizing several events such as a parade involving thousands attendees and on this day the City Big Sale will be organized at Chinggis Square.
On this City Big Sale Day, over 100 national manufacturers and entities will be presenting their products and goods at 20-50% discounts. For instances, “Darkhan Nekhii” (leather & sheepskin) and “Buyan” (wool & cashmere) companies are pledged to introduce their products under 50% of sale along with other companies like “Best Shoes” and “Exclusive” (clothes sewing). Moreover, companies in food industries like “Sayan-Uul”, “Talkh Chikher”, “Uguuj Chikher Boov”, “Trans Trade”, “Makh Impex”, “Ochir Daginas”, “MCS Coca Cola”, “Teso”, “Suu” and “Altan Taria” will be also celebrating the Day with civilians.
Also, this big sale day will be held in each districts of UB:
- In Khan-Uul District will take place at “Yarmag” trade center, which locates in 5th Khoroo
- Sukhbaatar District, B.Tserendorj Street, 4th Khoroo
- Songinokhairkhan District, “Tsambagarav” trade center, 14th Khoroo
- Bayangol District, B.Enebish Avenue, 15th Khoroo and “Smart” trade center, 19th Khoroo
- Chingeltei District, Independence Palace, 5th Khoroo
- Bayanzurkh District, K.Zhukov Square, 4th Khoroo
Moreover, Tengis and Urgoo cinemas will display all movies at 50% of discounts on this day and the city museums will be opened with free entrances and the city public transportation will also serve at half-price ticket.

Mongolia Becomes 61st Country to Launch Google Street View Project
October 22 ( As part of the Government implementing the "From Big Government to Smart Government" Program, the Mayor’s Office is undertaking the “Smart Ulaanbaatar” project ratified in 2014.
Under this project, the Capital City Administration in collaboration with the Google Company has been implementing Google Map, Google Street View, Google Culture Institute, and Google Art projects, which are being carried out for experimental of two years to date and the official launching ceremony of Google Street View project will take place at Chinggis Square today at 02:00 pm on October 22, 2014.
In the scope of latter project, it would provide better opportunities to view the streets, find locations of museums, restaurants and buildings in UB and other destinations throughout the country from anywhere in the world by using smart phones and other devices.
In this regard, Mongolia becomes the 61st country to launch the Google projects to connect Ulaanbaatar with the billion users worldwide.
At the launching ceremony, UB Mayor E.Bat-Uul and other officials from both sides will be attending, after which a Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation is expected to be signed between Ulaanbaatar and Google Company.
Mongolia joins Google Street ViewMontsame, October 22

Premier and MPRP Chairman Explain Cooperate Treaty
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) The Prime Minister and head of the Democratic Party (DP) N.Altankhuyag; and chairman of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) N.Enkhbayar Wednesday called a press conference to explain a reason of establishing the collaboration treaty between the political parties and correct the misunderstanding among people especially members of the DP regarding the document’s contents.
In order to ensure the DP’s domestic unity and strengthen the domestic trust, the Premier emphasized that he wanted to form a general understanding about the treaty, adding that this treaty has not come into force yet.
The treaty shall come into force after discussing it through administrative bodies of the political parties. So, the two parties have agreed to set up a working group to alter and revise the treaty because the parties do not have a general understanding about the document’s clauses. After reaching a unified understanding on the treaty, the parties will approve it by the parties’ related authorities, the Premier said.
Rumor and slander have been going around making the treaty a document only between the two political parties or between individuals, for example, a document with counterfeit signatures of the PM and MPRP chairman has been published through the media to get the public believed it was a secret document, the Premier stressed.
In turn, the MPRP chairman N.Enkhbayar noted about one of the reasons on the treaty’s establishment, saying that the DP has accepted a proposal to the MPRP to collaborate in making their cooperation more organized.
Supporting the PM’s statement of the Premier, Enkhbayar noted that people cast their votes in the 2012 parliamentary for forming a cabinet in which no political party will dominate the state authority alone, and it means that people demanded that the political parties should collaborate. “This is not a treaty only between the two parties,” he stressed.
Regarding the treaty, Enkhbayar pointed out that he has positively accepted some critics from the DP members. “I understand that they just had implied it should be revised or altered,” he continued.
Any contract will be realized well when its feasibility is good, thus the two parties have backed a principle to set up the working group to enrich and alter the document, reflecting proposals from the parties’ members, Enkhbayar said. “There is no purpose to make the current cabinet and the DP failed,” he emphasized.
The MPRP chairman said political parties are now more dependent on businessmen or oligarchs, and they affect the state leaders making various decision in harmony of their interests, so the treaty reflects a clause to finance political parties’ from the state budget. This clause and other new clauses will become big step for combating corruption and making political parties more responsible and cultural, Enkhbayar said.

Our Shooters to Compete in Finals of World Cup
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) State Honored sportswoman O.Gundegmaa and an international master of sports O.Yanjinlkham left Ulaanbaatar October 21 to compete in the final tournament of the World Shooting Cup.
The events are to take place in Gabala of Azerbaijan on October 22-27. Previous tournaments were held in the USA, Germany, Spain, Slovenia, and Kazakhstan. 
On October 23, O.Gundegmaa will participate in the 25meters pistol category, on October 26 O.Yanjinlkham will compete in 50meters rifle.
Gundegmaa grabbed this year a silver at the World Championship and her second bronze medal at Asian Games, but Yanjinlkham is entering the finals for the first time. 

Angara Airlines Conducts Its First International Flight to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
October 22 ( According to announcement of Angara Airlines, a Russian air carrier that conducts domestic flights all around Irkutsk region and other destinations of Siberian Federal District, the company was authorized to perform its first international flight to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
The first Irkutsk-Ulaanbaatar-Irkutsk flight was made on October 20, 2014 with its newly obtained AN-148-100 aircraft and the Angara Airlines intends to be a competent air carrier between the two cities and stabilize its flights from November of this year.
Nevertheless, the new route is opened timely in the scope of effectiveness of the Intergovernmental Agreement on reciprocal visa-free travel between citizens of Russia and Mongolia, which enters into force from November 14, 2014.

Mongolia and New Zealand to mark 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) The Concurrent Non-Resident Ambassador of Mongolia to New Zealand Mr Bold has given a lecture themed “Foreign Policy of Mongolia: Opportunities and Challenges” at the New Zealand Institute of International Affairs Wellington branch as well as in Hamilton branch at the University of Waikato. Presentation was attended with great interests from Kiwis, as this was the first-ever presentation by the Mongolian Ambassador to the New Zealand audience about Mongolia’s foreign policy.
Ambassador Mr Bold congratulated the Foreign Minister Murray McCully on the New Zealand’s election to the United Nations Security Council for the 2015-2016 term. Mongolia has supported New Zealand’s candidacy for the election from the beginning.
Mr Bold also extended the letter of congratulations by the Mongolia’s Prime Minister and Foreign Minister to their New Zealand counterparts on the re-appointment after the general election.  His Excellency also met Ms Helene Quilter,Secretary of the Ministry of Defence, Ms Annelies McClure, Chief Executive of the Overseas Investment Committee, Ms Andrea Smith, Deputy Secretary, Ms Clare Fearnley, Director-General of the North Asia Division from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade respectively and Mr Adrian Orr, CEO of the New Zealand Super Fund during his recent stay in New Zealand. Ambassador had fruitful discussions with the official representatives how to enhance the bilateral relations. 2015 will see the 40th anniversary of the diplomatic relations establishment between Mongolia and New Zealand. Around 500 kiwis visit Mongolia every year. Mongolia imported 16 million USD valued milk powder from New Zealand-based Fonterra in 2013.

Standing committee head meets WB Permanent Representative
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) Head of the parliamentary Standing committee on budget Ts.Davaasuren MP Wednesday received Mr James Anderson, the Permanent Representative of the World Bank (WB) to Mongolia.
Beginning the meeting, Mr Anderson thanked the Standing committee head for an audience, and introduced himself to Mr Davaasuren. Mr Anderson said he was appointed as the WB Permanent Representative to Mongolia two months ago, and then asked the Standing committee head to head some information about the economic situation and budget of Mongolia.
Mr Davaasaren expressed his satisfaction with the WB decision on appointing Mr Anderson who has big working experience in Mongolia. He emphasized that the national economy of Mongolia has experienced many changed since 1990s, for example, the present national economy has increased by 16-18 times, and the investment of state budget rose by 40% against 2000.
They also touched upon issues of processing and exporting of mining products, the agricultural and educational sectors.
Present at the meeting were Taehun Lee, a chief economist of the WB; Sh.Altantsetseg, an economist; G.Narantuya, an expert at the Standing committee on budget; and other officials.

Harvesting finished nationwide
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) Harvesting works finished nationwide on Tuesday, and it was attended by 1,250 servicemen and some 800 students.
By a preliminary result of the harvesting, the country has harvested 419.7 thousand tons of grain from 310.2 thousand hectares areas, of which 465 thousand tons of wheat; 161.0 thousand tons of potatoes from 13.3 thousand hectares; and 102.5 thousand tons of vegetables from 8.3 thousand hectares.
42.3 thousand tons of grain has been reserved for the next year’s planting. Moreover, 28.5 thousand tons of grain has been given to the fund for supporting land farming, and some 250 thousand tons--to flour factories.
For the time being, the wheat sale is continuing.

Stock exchange news for October 22
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) At the Stock Exchange trades on Wednesday, a total of 18 thousand and 289 shares of nine JSCs were traded costing MNT 20 million 377 thousand and 404.00.
"E-trans logistics” /15 thousand units/, “Tavantolgoi” /2,353 units/, “Mongol shiltgeen” /520 units/, “Talkh chikher” /113 units/ and "Gobi” /110 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value were "Tavantolgoi” (MNT 11 million and 765 thousand), "Bayangol hotel” (MNT two million and 460 thousand), “Talkh chikher” (MNT two million and 260 thousand), "E-trans logistics” (MNT one million 350 thousand and 024) and "Gobi” (MNT 880 thousand).
The total market capitalization was set at MNT one trillion 568 billion 008 million 534 thousand and 361. The Index of Top-20 JSCs was 15,627.40, decreasing 23.63 units or 0.15% against the previous day.

Being LGBT in Asia: Mongolia Country Report
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) This report reviews the legal and social environment faced by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in Mongolia.
It is a product of the Mongolia National LGBT Community Dialogue held on 20–21 March 2014 in Ulaanbaatar as well as a desk review and interviews conducted by the report writers. The National Dialogue brought together a total of 140 participants including LGBT community members and activists, representatives of civil society organizations, human rights experts, UN agencies, the Government of Mongolia and development partners.
The Mongolia National Dialogue upon which the report is based was organized by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The work is a product of a broader initiative entitled ‘Being LGBT in Asia: A Participatory Review and Analysis of the Legal and Social Environment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Persons and Civil Society.’ Launched on Human Rights Day, 10 December 2012, ‘Being LGBT in Asia’ is a first-of-its-kind Asia-wide learning effort undertaken with Asian grassroots LGBT organizations and community leaders alongside UNDP and USAID. With a focus on eight priority countries – Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam – the effort examines LGBT lived experiences from a development and rights perspective.
‘Being LGBT in Asia’ has a number of objectives. It encourages networking between LGBT people across the region, building a knowledge baseline and developing an understanding of the capacity of LGBT organizations to engage in policy dialogue and community mobilization. Through this work, ‘Being LGBT in Asia’ promotes understanding of the inherent human rights of LGBT people and a regional understanding of the stigma and discrimination they face. It also outlines steps toward LGBT-inclusive development work for UNDP and the UN system; USAID and the US Government; and other development partners through research like this report and other social and multimedia products. Finally, the initiative highlights the views generated by LGBT participants at community dialogues, linking stakeholders who are working to enhance LGBT human rights across Asia.

G.Tsogtgerel wins bronze medal in Asian Para Games
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) A Mongolian athlete G.Tsogtgerel has won bronze medal in the 2014 Asian Para Games running in Incheon, South Korea.
She competed in women’s shot put F57 category event of athletics on Tuesday. In the shot put contest, she shot the ball to 7.10 meters. Gold and silver medals went to Iranian athletes.
For the time being, the national team of Mongolia has grabbed one silver and four bronze medals in judo, shooting and athletics. The teams of China, South Korea and Japan are leading the games by the medal count.

Judoka N.Altantsetseg wins first gold medal in Asian Para Games
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 22 (MONTSAME) A judoka of the national selected team N.Altantsetseg has won first medal in the Incheon Asian Para Games taking place in South Korea.
This is the very first gold medal to be grabbed by Mongolian athlete in the Asian Para Games, and the judoka won the medal by defeating a Thai rival at the finals in the women’s -78 kg contest on Wednesday.
The same day, another Mongolian B.Khashtsetseg captured a bronze medal in the women’s 70 kg bout for judo.
As of present, Mongolia has won one gold, one silver and six bronze medals in the Asian Para Games of Incheon.

Ulaanbaatar DP objects to cooperation agreement signed by DP and MPRP
By Ch. Khaliun
October 22 (UB Post) Chairman of the City Democratic Party and Mayor E.Bat-Uul, Chairman of the City Council D.Battulga and DP Secretary P.Nurzed have voiced their objection to the new cooperation treaty signed between PM N.Altankhuyag and Chairman of the MPRP N.Enkhbayar.
E.Bat-Uul said, “This agreement is illegal. The DP’s Executive Board of the National Coordinating Committee (NCC) did not hold a meeting. The City’s DP Committee doesn’t agree with the decision. We will hold a meeting regarding this issue and submit the illegal treaty to the court. The main danger is that it states that the agreement becomes valid upon its signing. I’m concerned about that. In order to establish that kind of treaty they have to discuss it with the Chairman of the City’s DP. No one talked to me.
“To keep his power, the Chairman of DP, N.Altankhuyag, is doing many shameless things… In order to keep his position, N.Altankhuyag has sacrificed seven ministers. Now he makes the DP a political victim. N.Altankhuyag, without any discussion with members of the DP, has established the agreement; he doesn’t have such a right. Provisions 3, 9, and 14 of the agreement will cause serious damage to our party.
“In their statement, they noted that they can conclude the agreement as a political negotiation with the MPRP. The agreement violates the party’s rules and signing the treaty secretly isn’t an ethical decision, it is a conspiratorial act.
“According to the basic regulations of the DP, to establish any agreement with other political parties or coalitions, the chairman is tasked with discussing things with the NCC. The right to make a decision lies only with the NCC, not N.Altankhuyag.
“Establishing a cooperation agreement with strict provisions, valid until 2024, with a person known as ‘the grandfather of corruption’ is purposely violating the party’s rules, prejudicing the trust of its members and supporters, ignoring the party’s value, and an absolutely irresponsible decision according to the City’s DP.
“The agreement states that in the parliament’s regular elections in 2016 and 2020, the DP will partner with the MPRP. Moreover, it contains provisions with hidden meanings, such as the sides ‘negotiating’ candidates, which has maximized party members’ frustration and eroding public confidence in our party.
“It also says that the two parties will support nominated candidates for personnel in the city and rural areas. The City’s DP strictly reminds its leader that this provision won’t work in the city.
“Therefore, we demand that the NCC cancel the violent agreement, which is contrary to the party’s internal unity and to the interests of its members, and call to accountability the person who has established the agreement.”

President attends business forum in Hungary
By Ch. Khaliun
October 22 (UB Post) On the sidelines of a working visit to Hungary, President Ts.Elbegdorj attended the Mongolia-Hungary Business Forum.
The organizers of the forum in Hungary introduced partnerships between the two countries and Mongolian representatives presented Mongolian investment opportunities. A total of 26 Mongolian companies and over 80 representatives from Hungarian companies participated in the forum.
The business forum was jointly organized by Invest Mongolia Agency of the Government of Mongolia, the Mongolian Embassy in Hungary, Hungarian National Trade Center and the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce.
The following day, President Elbegdorj met with philanthropist George Soros, who founded Central European University, where the president delivered a lecture.
The Mongolian President also attended the opening ceremony of the Research Center for Mongolian Studies at Eotvos Lorand University in Budapest.
Mongolia has been widely studied by the university’s Department of Mongolian and Inner-Asian Studies. During his visit to Eotvos Lorand University, President Elbegdorj presented the Order of the Polar Star of Mongolia to the scientists and teachers of the university for their contributions and efforts to develop Mongolian studies.
Two students from Eotvos Lorand University were awarded the Government Scholarship of Mongolia, and 15,000 EUR was given to the university by the Government of Mongolia to support the Research Center for Mongolian Studies.
Eotvos Lorand is one of the oldest universities in Hungary and was founded by Archbishop Peter Pazmany in 1635, in the city of Nagyszombat. Eotvos Lorand has a total of 26,000 students and over 7,000 students graduate from the university in 130 different programs annually.
The Department of Mongolian and Inner-Asian Studies at the Eotvos Lorand University is 70 years old.

Bayankhoshuu road capacity doubles
By M. Zoljargal
October 22 (UB Post) The 4.6 km road spanning between Khuvisgalchdiin Gudamj (Revolutionists’ Street) and Bayankhoshuu Intersection has reopened with doubled traffic lanes at the cost of 7.5 billion MNT.
The road previously had a seven meter wide traffic lanes, while sidewalks were 1.5 meter on both sides. The upgrade expanded the traffic lane to 14 meters and sidewalks to 3.5 meters which doubles the previous width.
New streetlights, water drainage system with twin pipes, as well as a road surface drainage pump have been set up at the road.
The Ulaanbaatar City Auto Road Fund issued the required budget and the construction launched on May 9 this year. The road opened ten days ahead of its schedule on Monday.
The project coordinators expect that the upgraded road’s traffic flow will speed up by up to 50 percent. They also hope that the road will improve the area’s facade and the convenience of the neighborhood residents.
Ulaanbaatar Governor E.Bat-Uul said during the opening, “We have set to launch the construction of the new building for the city administrations in Bayankhoshuu area next spring with the help of the Asian Development Bank.”
He added that the city administrations hope to make this suburban area would become one of the city centers with the upgraded road and centralized administrations offices.

New high-speed railway connecting Beijing and Moscow to pass through Mongolia
By B. Mendbayar
October 22 (UB Post) China and Russia signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) early last week on building a 7,000 kilometer high-speed railway from Moscow to Beijing, according to Chinese media.
The MoU was signed during Chinese Premier Li Keqiang’s visit to Moscow. The railway would be over 7,000 kilometers long and cost more than 230 billion USD, reported the Beijing Times. An 803 kilometer railway between the Russian capital and Kazan in the Tatarstan region would be the first stage of the route to Beijing, reported CCTV.
Cutting train travel time between the capital cities of the two nations from six days at present to two days, the new railway would be the world’s longest high-speed railway, three-times longer than the world’s current longest high-speed railway from Beijing to China’s southern city of Guangzhou.
According to plans revealed, the new railway would pass through Mongolia.
A tunnel and railway expert at the Chinese Academy of Engineering, Wang Mengshu, commented, “If the funds are raised smoothly, the line can be completed in five years at the latest.”

Auto markets scuffle due to failed city plan
October 22 (UB Post) Nine big auto markets and 34 selling points occupy 27 hectares of land in Ulaanbaatar. The auto market center was first established on the outskirts of the city, but when the city expanded, the area became a central area of the city and started negatively impacting the residents’ health and the environment.
To manage this issue, the Ulaanbaatar City Administrations decided to move auto markets to the suburbs and construct a new auto market center. City authorities hoped that this work will reduce traffic congestion and decline air pollution and soil contamination, but it faced protests from Da Khuree auto market renters.
At the beginning of this month, the renters at Da Khuree went on a strike in relation to the State Specialized Inspection Authority’s resolution to shut down the auto market’s operation in relation to the relocation plan.
The auto market complex will be built past the 22nd Auto checkpoint in the 32th khoroo of Songinokhairkhan District, on a 130 hectare land. The complex will be built in five years and in its first stage, 14 thousand car park will be rented to vendors and entities, and the income from the rent will be used for the complex’s further development.
The City Council decided to prohibit the auto market’s operation in the open area of the city on October 1 and delivered a notice to automobile dealers.
But the new auto market complex wasn’t launched on the scheduled and it caused misunderstandings among automobile dealers.
The owners of Da Khuree auto market allegedly told it’s renters that the market will not move if the new auto complex isn’t ready by 2015.
Land ownership rights of Da Khuree Trade extended
When Mongolia transferred to the free market economy, Da Khuree was established as the first auto market in Mongolia. In accordance with the government’s resolution in 1998, the market was privatized. Da Khuree extended its land ownership several times and at the regulation of the City Governor, 3.6 hectares of land was issued to Da Khuree.
After several extensions, Da Khuree owned 6.5 hectares land for commercial purposes.
The company owners informed its ownership extension to renters and established one year contracts with renters.
The new auto complex’s construction is currently at 60 to 80 percent completion. The first two fields are planned to launch on November 1. The parking areas were sold to over 200 buyers so far.
The City Council banned open sales operations of auto markets in the city which was met with protests from renters.
Most of the renters at Da Khuree are not sure about moving to the new complex as the small car sales areas cost four million MNT and the larger ones cost nine million MNT. For the renters who sell few cars or spare parts, it will be hard to rent the area with the current tariff.
The renters feel that the new auto market location is not suitable as the area is cold, and said that moving auto markets will not decrease city traffic congestion, which is the original goal of the whole project. Currently, over 5,000 people conduct permanent operations at Da Khuree.
To clarify some issues regarding auto market management, we spoke to the Chairman of the Trade Union B.Enkhbaatar who is protecting renters’ interest.
The resolution to build a new auto market complex was issued and auto markets have to be moved. What is the position of the renters of Da Khuree market on this issue?
Our dealers will become victims if the auto market moves. Over 80 percent of the renters live in Bayanzurkh District, where Da Khuree auto market is located. It will be tough for them to go to their jobs every morning. They might have troubles such as getting their children from kindergartens and schools. Over 5,000 people rent car trade fields and have built their lives here, and 2,000 of them are members of our union. We are working to let them stay.
What do you think of the resolution to ban open area operations?
Where will they work if auto markets are moved? It is still unclear how this new auto complex will be built. As a result, many people might lose their jobs.
What do you think Da Khuree owners want?
Of course, the company wants to stay here. I think that we can still stay here and people who live in the east side of the city can visit our auto market, even when the new complex is operational.

D.Bayarsaikhan: Though I was forced into military school, I’m pleased with my fate
October 22 (UB Post) A Mongolian commander was recently selected to command the northern region of South Sudan for the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) for the first time.
Head of the Strategy Policy and Planning Department of the Ministry of Defense of Mongolia, Brigadier General D.Bayarsaikhan will be leading a battalion with over 5,000 soldiers and military officers of five countries.
Before departing to the warzone in South Sudan, Brigadier General D.Bayarsaikhan gave an interview.
Congratulation on being selected as a regional commander for the UNMISS. What sorts of hurdled did you overcome to get to this position?
Thank you. I’m glad that I reached every general’s dream. I was proud of myself for passing the test. I participated in the interview for choosing regional commanders last August. The main criterion was English language skills. It was important to be able to communicate well with high English language proficiency with international soldiers. The examiners must have considered my previous experience in peacekeeping missions. The UN Department for Peacekeeping Operations notified that I met the requirement for the position of regional commander on September 26.
You will be departing to a warzone from a peaceful country. Mentally, how prepared are you?
A military officer must be prepared for any situation. I participated in international military training courses several times. There probably will not be any issues as war and peacekeeping operations are planned the same way. The main issue I’m worried about is that the infrastructure in South Sudan is problematic and challenging. Infrastructure issues cause problems for rear and food supply. Rear supply is brought with helicopters. Two helicopters were destroyed because some good-for-nothings shot them.
As a regional commander, will you be working to give more opportunities to Mongolian soldiers?
Apart from Mongolian military officers, I will be commanding over 5,000 officers from India, Ethiopia, Ghana, and Rwanda. In a headquarter with ten members, there can’t be five Mongolians together.  Soldiers from other countries must also be given opportunities. Nevertheless, I do want to grant more working places to Mongolian officers.
In peacekeeping operations, how do Mongolian soldiers differ from others? Is there any specific characteristics?
Mongolian soldiers are enduring and obedient but very timid. They don’t express their thoughts and are reserved. After operations, soldiers from India and other countries take photographs and spread it on the internet but Mongolian soldiers don’t make any fuss or take photos. Commanders who’ve led the mission compliment and give good assessments to us. Despite working in difficult conditions, our soldiers do not get discouraged.
Where were you born and how did your military career start?
In my opinion, I think I am from every part of Mongolia. My parents are from Bayanchandmani soum in Tuv Province and I’m from Ulaan Khuaran (a military barracks) in Ulaanbaatar. When I was young, my family and I moved to the capital city after living in Dornod Province for a year. We moved again because my parents got a job at a military base in Zuunbayan soum, Dornogovi Province. I’ve moved a lot so I consider every soum and province of Mongolia as my birth place.
I finished high school in central Dornogovi Province. At the time children graduating with excellent grades were sent to Russian military schools. Colonel wanted to send me to a military school but I rejected the offer because I wasn’t interested in becoming a military person. When I phoned my parents in Zuunbayan soum and informed them of this news, my mother came and almost forcefully sent me to study at the Penza Artillery Engineering Institute in Russia. I’m content with my destiny despite being forcefully sent. My parents guided me to the correct path. Since I was interested in football, I rebelled so much to enter the sports class of the Mongolian University of Education and Teacher Training Institute to become a P.E. teacher. Sometimes I wonder what I would’ve been doing if I had become a P.E. teacher.
Since both of your parents were working in the military, you must’ve spent your childhood in a military environment?
My father didn’t receive higher education but worked as the head of an autotechnics department. At the time, only people who graduated an officer’s course were able to get promoted to this position. My mother was a senior military doctor. My childhood revolved around military barracks and I frequently followed my parents on their appointments.
Can you tell us about your family? Will you urge your children to follow a military career?
I live with my wife, son and daughter. My wife is a geochemist. We have one granddaughter. I’ve never thought of making my son a soldier.
Military officers are said to often neglect their family. How caring are you as a father?
I’m probably not so much of a good father. My children had grown up in the blink of an eye. Military people have to work all day. We leave early in the morning while our children are sleeping and come home when they’ve gone to bed.
You’ve studied and worked in 14 countries. It must be difficult to be away from your family?
Since I can’t take them with me, I miss them very much. When people become older, more than family, they begin to miss their homeland. I only wish to return to Mongolia even if it’s dusty and full of smoke. After six months, I will return to Mongolia. No matter how wonderful foreign countries are, how could it possibly be better than my homeland? Not all foreign countries are great. Some countries’ development is as poor as Mongolia’s development in 1921. When I get off of planes in Mongolia, I breathe much better with the taste of my home country’s air.
As the supervisor of peacekeepers G.Azzaya and Sh.Sambuu-Yondon, who successfully stopped a suicide attack at Charlie base in February 18, 2004, can you tell us about the situation at the time?
A truck containing a bomb infiltrated our base. There was an explosion outside the fence and the truck with the bomb was planning to enter through a gap between collapsed fences. However, it was miscalculated. They must have thought G.Azzaya would’ve been shocked and unable to shoot when the tower collapsed during the first explosion. Although she was able to eliminate the suicide bomber in the truck as soon as it entered into the base, an explosion occurred. No one from our base died but a building next to our fence was destroyed and 11 people lost their lives. Polish peacekeepers were assigned  to fix the building and we headed to our next mission. At the time, there wasn’t a more difficult or happier day. Our soldiers were able to fulfill their duties and save many lives. It would’ve been a disaster if the large amount of explosives had exploded. Some soldiers faced mental changes because of explosions.
How does one get promoted to a Brigadier General?
I was granted the title in 2010. Since graduating Penza Artillery Engineering Institute in Russia, I returned to Mongolia and have been working in the armed force. I furthered my education by studying at the United States Army Command and General Staff College in 1995 and Netherlands’ training course for peacekeepers and election observers in 1997. I worked as a military university instructor as well as a defense attache for the Mongolian Embassy to the USA.
As a diligent worker in the armed force sector, is there anything you wish to change?
I wish for Mongolia’s armed forces to expand and develop. If more people fulfill their military duties, the number of spoilt and undisciplined children will drop. People who’ve served their military duties learn the weight of words, to respect and to love. There’s an understanding that serving in the military for a year is a waste of time in the society. By carrying out military duties, young men develop their body and heal their mentality. Getting pushed around in the military is a matter that depends on the individual. If they’re capable and skilled, they will not be pushed around.
Higher military officers give off a very intimidating impression but you don’t seem to give that impression?
People said that they thought I was a very  stern and angry person. I don’t see why I have to be angry. Obviously, since I work with military personnel, I have to be principled and direct.
What is your main principle in life?
To be a man of integrity. When words like integrity and justice are said too often, it becomes hollow as if it’s evaporating into thin air. Talking about integrity and actually treating things with integrity are two different things. For instance, a soldier must absolutely obey their commander’s orders. If a person is dying while they carry out the order, they’ll have to help that person. Issues related to people’s lives are more important. It’s pointless to absolutely obey laws and regulations that are nothing compared to a person’s life.
Also, when a car in front suddenly hits the breaks and another car behind it collides into it, the driver of the car behind is put at fault. Is this just? I only try to be fair and just to the society.

Mongolian sumo wrestler stars in One Direction music video
By B. Tungalag
October 22 (UB Post) Mongolian sumo wrestler U.Byambajav stared in a music video named “Steal My Girl” of the UK band One Direction.
In the music video, U.Byambajav wrestles Zayn Malik, member of One Direction, in a desert in Los Angeles.
U.Byambajav played in over 100 commercial and was previously cast in Hollywood movies such as “Ocean’s 13”.
The sumo is a citizen of Carson City, California.

Mongolia takes four medals at Incheon 2014 Asian Para Games
By B. Baatar
October 22 (UB Post) On the first day of the Incheon 2014 Asian Para Games, Mongolian shooter Z.Ganbaatar won a bronze medal in the men’s 50m-pistol event, scoring 162.9 points.
Iranian and Chinese athletes captured gold and silver medals in the men’s 50 m-pistol.
Mongolian judoka B.Uugankhuu scraped a silver medal in the men’s 60 kg contest on October 20, Day 2 to of the Incheon Para Games. He defeated opponents from Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Iran in the preliminary and semi-final.
At the final match, he lost to Uzbekistan judoka and defeated South Korean and Chinese athletes.
On the same day, A.Munkhbat won bronze in the men’s 66 kg judo event and B.Bolortungalag took bronze in the women’s 48 kg contest.
Mongolia has sent a team of 61 athletes to the Asian Para Games who are competing in nine categories.
The Incheon Asia Para Games will end on October 24.

‘Ungoverned Governance’ political art solo exhibition
By B. Narantuya
October 22 (UB Post) The opening of the “Ungoverned Governance”, U.Narbayasgalan’s first solo exhibition, took place at Red Ger Art Gallery on October 20, showcasing work with a political theme.
He graduated from the Mongolian University of Arts and Culture in 2004, majoring in fine arts. He has been working as a professional artist since 2009, and in 2012 he collaborated with the artist Naidandorj on a joint exhibition called “4×1”. Their joint exhibition of political art was presented during that year’s elections.
“Ungoverned Governance” features about 15 works, including paintings, installations, mixed media pieces and some photo installations. All of the paintings are oil on canvas.
During the exhibition, U.Narbayasgalan spoke with the UB Post about his show, saying, “I generally paint under the theme of politics and my solo exhibition is related to that… Through my work I wanted to express my feelings on how unfair, neglected and poorly united governance is.”
He also spoke about one work in particular that stands out among his paintings: “As any exhibition has its beginning and concluding work, my piece called ‘UN-JOINING’ is the beginning. Through this work, animals are depicted as unhealthy, poisoned by nuclear waste. When a society makes a big change, it is very hard and complicated to go through, and it takes many years. As a result, it affects its citizens and they suffer. This is the meaning of that work.”
Other work in the exhibition looks at environmental pollution that has taken place in Mongolia, and the negative effects of water and air pollution.
U.Narbayasgalan’s art challenges its viewers, but has deep meaning where some truth lies. He expressed his opinion and his view of governance in a very strong and interesting way. The exhibition is on view through October 31 at Red Ger Art Gallery.

Where are the men?
October 22 (UB Post) They can be found nowhere on the campuses, service shops, and in the education and healthcare fields, or press and media organizations. A few of them can be seen at Narantuul Market. Where are they?
The population of Mongolia is 2.9 million, of which 1.4 million are men. According to this ratio, there is no big difference between gender relations. Unfortunately, in high school, with the exception of physical education, almost all other subjects are taught by female teachers. In the field of healthcare, men are very rarely found. According to the latest statistics, in healthcare organizations 36,000 of 45,000 workers are women.
Last year, 174,000 students graduated from local universities, and over 100,000 graduates were women. A total of 21,000 people earned master’s and doctoral degrees, one third of whom were men. It is an increased number of men who sought higher education compared to previous years. In high school, the ratio between female and male students has almost no gap. But what is the problem behind men becoming less likely to earn degrees in the future: Mongolians say that for men it is not that necessary to pursue education because they can handle life, no matter what. This may be one reason. On the other hand, the reason may be the laziness and the lack of hardworking character among men.
Nowadays, about 100,000 Mongolians work and live in foreign countries, more than half of them are men. Most of them live and work in South Korea, where 30,000 Mongolians work and live. In the USA there are about 20,000, and in the Czech Republic there are about 5,000 Mongols. Among the people who go to foreign countries, only one or two out of 20 Mongols are women. Dedicating their youth, labor and their education to foreigners, there are still people who come back home with nothing.
So, some men go to foreign countries, but where are the others? Hard to say, but many are in prison. There are 22,000 people who committed crimes, and 19,000 were men, mostly between the ages of 18 to 29. At the moment, there are 25 prisons. Since crime is rising instead of decreasing, we may need more prisons.
There are 81,000 moms who raise their children by themselves. Where did these fathers go? It is very sad that many of them left their wives and children. A girl from Bayankhongor aimag wrote, “I don’t want to be with my father. I study in fifth grade. I would like to tell my dad, please do not drink alcohol. If you stop, mom and I would feel good. To drink without working will not lead to good things. My mom does everything by herself.” How many other kids want their fathers to come back home?
Family expert and Dr. T.Namjil said that by conducting research on family issues it has been shown that men tend to be discriminated against in the family because of the idea that fathers are the only ones who earn money. Fathers who work in foreign countries and are not able to be with their children can become distant from their families. In a survey of 200 general education school students, 69 percent answered “a father must have time to play with his kids”, and 84.5 percent said, “a father must take care of his children and play his role in raising kids”.
At this point, what kids really want from their father looks really simple. Walking on the streets of Ulaanbaatar, we become familiar with people who look “bad” and “poor”. These men must begin to live differently.
There are 1.2 million people who are between the ages of 20 to 44, and 625,000 of them are men. Last year, a survey showed that 42.7 thousand men were unemployed. Some of them are drunk in the streets and some of them have nothing to do. Where are the real Mongol men?
Of course, there are numbers of men who have made the country famous, such as athletes, peacekeepers, soldiers, scientists, doctors and politicians, of whom we will always be proud. A Mongolian saying suggests, “For the woman is the husband; for the family is the father; for the country, the men are the most important people of the nation.” Where are the men who will lead the country, as well as their lives?

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