Friday, November 14, 2014

Mongolia Brief October 20, 2014

Ts.Elbegdorj Meets with President of France
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 19 (MONTSAME) In frames of a participation in the 10th Summit of the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) in Milan, the President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj Friday met with his French counterpart Mr Francois Hollande.

The dignitaries emphasized that the bilateral economic cooperation in renewable energy, food and agriculture sector has been boosting, and expressed appreciated a contribution made by the two countries' private entities and companies.
The same day, Mr Elbegdorj received Mr Stefan Lofven, the Prime Minister of Sweden. The President noted that the 50th anniversary is marked of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and Sweden and then said Mongolia is always ready to share with other countries its experiences in the democratic transition.

Mongolia to Host 11th ASEM Summit in 2016
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 19 (MONTSAME) Mongolia will host the next summit of European and Asian leaders in July 2016, announced the European Council President Mr Herman Van Rompuy, who chaired the summit, at its closing ceremony on Friday in Milan.
Mr Elbegdorj said he would preside over "a special anniversary summit," since it will mark 20 years since ASEM was launched. "During that time, in my country we will have very cool, very nice weather," he added. 
The ASEM Summit is an informal process of dialogue and cooperation bringing together the 27 European Union member states, 2 other European countries / Norway, Switzerland /, and the European Union with 10 South East Asian and 10 North East Asian countries including Australia, China, Mongolia, Myanmar, Russia, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, New Zealand, India, Japan and the ASEAN Secretariat. This latest round of enlargement brings total ASEM membership to 53 partners including the two new members Croatia and Kazakhstan.
The two-day Milan summit, which was overshadowed by parallel talks on the Ukraine crisis, saw leaders pledge to boost cooperation on free trade, climate change, terrorism and other global challenges, such as the Ebola crisis in West Africa.
"Europe needs Asia‘s growth to jump-start its economy. Asia needs European markets, investment, technology," European Council President Herman Van Rompuy, who chaired the meetings, said in the final press conference.
Mr Elbegdorj said Eurasian transport links were going to be strengthened. "There will be more ships between our two continents, there will be more flights between our two continents, there will be more roads, more infrastructure, more railways. I think that is great news for you, for the people of Europe and Asia," he said.

President Elbegdorj: This is Manifestation of Trust and Confidence in Mongolia
October 18 ( The 10th ASEM Summit concluded in Milan, Italy. Mongolia has won the right to host the next, 11th ASEM Summit. President Elbegdorj answered the questions of media reporters and journalists accompanying the Mongolian delegation to ASEM Summit in Italy.
- It has just been announced that Mongolia is to host the 11th ASEM Summit. Please share your feelings and impression at this moment.
- This is indeed a splendid moment. To be chosen a host country of ASEM Summit testifies how highly Mongolia is regarded internationally. This is a great news, great joy for the Mongolian people, we must congratulate and thank our people. Every Mongolian citizen has contributed to the good name and high reputation of Mongolia. The success of the people of Mongolia is acknowledged, and Asia and Europe accord trust and confidence in Mongolia.
Fifty three countries have joined the ASEM. This 10th ASEM Summit is being attended by heads of state or government of 43 of 53 of its members. The scope of the Asia-Europe Meeting encompasses over 60% of the world’s trade. It is a great responsibility for us to host and organize ASEM summit in 2016. The 11th ASEM Summit is special because it marks the 20th anniversary of establishment of this organization.
- What are the dates of the 11th ASEM Summit?
- We discussed the dates with the leaders of European and Asian countries. UN and other major international meetings usually take place in autumn. For Mongolia the most suitable time falls at the end of July. So we agreed to organize the ASEM Summit in the last week of July of 2016.
-People are interested in many organizational matters?
- ASEM Summit is not only a meeting of the heads of state and governments. A series of other meetings including Parliamentarians’ meeting, business engagements and forums, public and NGO meetings take place prior to the Summit, and a number of documents are adopted and decisions are made. Starting from tomorrow, we shall form working groups at the government, line ministries and relevant organizations to ensure effective preparation. People are indeed very happy. I receive numerous phone calls from Mongolia – Prime Minister, Speaker and many others call. The news of Mongolia’s hosting the ASEM Summit is being received as the news as if we were to host Olympics or World Soccer Championship. I am sincerely happy for the fact that all heads of state of all 53 members have unanimously supported Mongolia’s hosting.
Mongolians all together shall mobilize all efforts to successfully host this important meeting, bringing together Asia and Europe. We Mongolians did connect these two continents in the past. Eight centuries ago, Mongols established our great empire and established new order in the two continents. Now, eight hundred years ago, we have another such opportunity. It is not an issue of one or two presidents or prime ministers coming to Mongolia. It is a matter of couple of dozens, 53 heads of state and governments coming to Mongolia and discussing global affairs in Mongolia.
- Not an easy task, isn’t it?
- It is not easy to organize such a meeting of such a scale. We all know of the loads of work to do to ensure preparations for a visit of just one President or Prime Minister. Because this is not easy, we shall cooperate with the European Union and other countries to study experiences. We shall also work with regional groups. We can do it, we will. We did make a very courageous step when submitting our candidature. Frankly speaking, I didn’t expect such a great support. We must repay this trust and confidence in us b hard work. We will act all together – the government, the businesses, the public, and we will and can do it.
-Why, do you think, Mongolia was given the right to host ASEM Summit? How will Mongolia benefit from it?
- Of course, other Asian countries did want to win this right. And, importantly, the discussion, the decision to give Mongolia this right was not sudden. This is a result of many years of hard work in our international relations, this is a result of a hard work of our working groups. It also sets a performance criterion for Mongolia. Since Mongolia is capable to host such a large international summit, we will be able to host major international sports and cultural events too, and such opportunities will open up too. This, in its turn, will strengthen international trust and confidence in our businesses, NGOs, general public. Therefore, the value, the significance of such important international summits are truly enormous for Mongolia.

President of Mongolia Pays Working Visit to Hungary
October 20 ( Following the attendance in the 10th ASEM Summit took place in Italy, the President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj and accompanying delegates paid a working visit to Budapest, Hungary on October 17-18, 2014.
President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj was welcomed by Prime Minister of Hungary Mr. Viktor Orban at the Parliament Palace, after which parties held a broad range bilateral meeting.
At the meeting, Prime Minister of Hungary Viktor Orban noted that the two countries should enhance mutual cooperation in wide range of fields such as in agriculture, engineering and technological sectors. In addition he pledged, the Government of Hungary is ready to offer scholarships for Mongolian students, if Mongolian side requests proposal and currently 72 Mongolian students are studying in Hungary. In the scope of the anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relationship, Hungary intends to re-open its Embassy in Ulaanbaatar in 2015.
President Ts.Elbegdorj expressed gratitude for warm reception and emphasized as of modern history of relations, Mongolia’s state-owned Bio Combinat is a clear evidence that the both countries have a wide range partnership and the two states have ample opportunities for cooperation in livestock husbandry and animal health sphere. Also, to collaborate in food production, water plant, education, geology and tourism sectors as well as issues of bilateral cooperation in other spheres were also considered.
Then, President Ts.Elbegdorj held a one-to-one meeting with his counterpart of Hungary, President Janos Ader.
On following day, October 18, President Ts.Elbegdorj delivered a lecture themed “Mongolian Transition to Democracy and Lessons” at the Central European University in Budapest. On the same day, President Ts.Elbegdorj met with the philanthropist George Soros, who founded the Central European University.
Later on, President addressed the Mongolia-Hungary Business Forum, which was jointly organized by Invest Mongolia Agency, Mongolian Embassy in Budapest, Hungarian National Trade Center and Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
The Forum was focused on the partnership between the two countries, where Mongolian representatives made introduction on the Mongolian investment opportunities and a total of 26 Mongolian entities and over 80 representatives from Hungarian side have participated in the Forum.
Moreover, President Ts.Elbegdorj attended in the opening ceremony of the Center for Mongolian Studies at the Faculty of Central Asian Studies of the Eotvos Lorand University and meet with Mongolians residing and studying in Hungary.

Ambassador Ts.Sukhbaatar to Represent Government of
Mongolia Signing MOU between Founders of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
October 20 ( At the Cabinet meeting held on October 18, 2014, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia to the People’s Republic of China Ts.Sukhbaatar was authorized to sign a Memorandum of Understanding between founders of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
The idea to establish the AIIB was first proposed by President of the PR of China Xi Jinping in 2013 that aims to regulate and distribute funding source for regional developing countries and is considered to give significant impetus to the development of the region in infrastructural sector.
The Government of China proposed Mongolia to be one of the founders of the Bank in 2013 and at the Cabinet meeting of the Government of Mongolia held in March 2014, authorities accepted the proposal and later in April, the Finance Ministries of China and Mongolia have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to consider the cooperation.
The MoU between founders of the AIIB will be signed in Beijing on October 24, 2014, where parties under developed project will be starting to commence the Bank and it is expected to start operations in the late of 2015.
By co-establishing the AIIB, it anticipates new source of funding and investments in Mongolia’s infrastructure and other beneficial sectors.

Resolution Issued to Prevent Ebola Infection and to Ensure Preparedness
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 19 (MONTSAME) The cabinet meeting on Saturday resolved that Ch.Saikhanbileg, a head of the Cabinet Secretariat for Government, and N.Udval, the Minister of Health must ensure preparedness for preventing Ebola virus infection in Mongolia by setting up special chambers in several concrete spots such as border checkpoints.
Other related obligations were given to the Deputy Premier and the Minister of Health to provide these spots with all necessary uniforms, medicines and facilities, to found a treatment and diagnosis reserve in case of possible case of the virus. The Minister of Foreign Relations and Economic Cooperation must limit visa requests from those countries with the virus alert. The Minister of Road, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development and the Minister of Health were also told to obtain from airline companies information about the people who traveled or transited to the risky countries and to deliver it to the border special inspection sections, and to provide the media with necessary information.

Cabinet Appoints New Consul General of Mongolia to San
Francisco, CA
October 20 ( At the Cabinet meeting held on October 18, 2014, it was resolved to recall the incumbent Consul General of Mongolia to San Francisco, USA, Mr. Nyamdorj ANKHBAYAR due to end of term of service.
The new Consul General of Mongolia to San Francisco, CA to succeed was appointed as Mr. Otgonbayar MASHBAT.
O.Mashbat graduated from the School of Law, National University of Mongolia (NUM) in 1992-1996, obtained Master Degree at NUM in 1996-1998 and Master Degree at Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey City, CA, USA in 2005-2007. His job career started as an Assistant to the Chairman of Security and Foreign Policy Standing Committee at the Parliament of Mongolia in 1996-1998. An Expert, Senior Researcher, Vice Director and Secretary at the Institute for Strategic Studies, Mongolia in 1998-2013. Since 2013, he worked as Advisor to the Foreign Ministry of Mongolia.
O.Mashbat Appointed as General ConsulMontsame, October 20

Cabinet Meeting in Brief
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 19 (MONTSAME) The cabinet meeting on Saturday backed in principle a draft law, initiated by the President on babysitting, after having discussed the governmental proposals. 
- The cabinet backed a concept of a bill on prevention of crimes and conflicts, and obliged the Minister of Justice to work out the related draft law based on this concept.
- The cabinet also backed in principle a draft concept of the law on rights of the disabled. It was considered as necessity to have the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Population Development and Social Welfare approved this draft.

President Addresses Mongolia-Hungary Business Forum
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) On the sidelines of the working visit to Hungary, the President Ts.Elbegdorj addressed the Mongolia-Hungary Business Forum on Sunday.
This forum was jointly organized by Invest Mongolia Agency of the Government of Mongolia, Mongolian Embassy to Hungary, Hungarian National Trade Center and Hungarian Chamber of Commerce.
The Hungarian side spoke about a partnership between the two countries, the Mongolian--about investment opportunities. A total of 26 Mongolian and 80 Hungarian companies participated in the forum.
The same day, the President Elbegdorj met with a philanthropist George Soros, who founded the Central European University. Then, the President delivered a lecture at the Central European University, reports the Public relations and communications division of the Office of the President.

President Inaugurates Research Center for Mongolian Studies at Eotvos Lorand University
October 19 ( On the sidelines of a working visit to Hungary, President Elbegdorj solemnly inaugurates the Research Center for Mongolian studies at the Eotvos Lorand University in Budapest.
Eotvos Lorand is one of the oldest universities in the country and was founded by the archbishop Peter Pazmany in 1635 in the city of Nagyszombat. The university has eight faculties including Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Faculty of Special Education, Faculty of Humanities, Faculty of Informatics, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Elementary and Nursery School Teachers' Training and Faculty of Science.
Eotvos Lorand has a total of 26 thousand students and over 7000 students graduate from the university in 130 different programs annually. The Department of Mongolian and Inner-Asian Studies at the Eotvos Lorand University is 70 years old.
Mongolia has been widely studied and discussed in the Department of Mongolian and Inner-Asian Studies. During his visit to Eotvos Lorand University, President Elbegdorj awarded with the Order of Polar Star of Mongolia to the scientists and teachers of the University for their contribution and effort to Mongolian studies. Moreover, two students of the University were awarded the Government Scholarship of Mongolia and a total of 15 thousand euros were given to the University from the Government of Mongolia to support activity of the Research Center for Mongolian studies.
Mongol Studies Center opens in, October 20

Mongolia to Host 2015 Asian Youth Conference in Ulaanbaatar
October 20 ( At the regular Cabinet meeting of the Government held On October 18, 2014, one of the issues resolved was ratification of hosting the 2015 Asian Youth Conference entitled "Youth and Unity: Youth Participation to Provide Equal Rights".
The event will be organized under the auspices of the Prime Minister of Mongolia and will be taking place in Ulaanbaatar on May 18-21, 2015.
The aim of the Asian Youth Conference is to foster the relationship of the youth participants that comes from different backgrounds and also to get inputs and ideas from the youths through discussions and activities that will be planned by the organizing committee, participants are also expected to forward a youth resolution to the Asian Youth Council.
The Asian Youth Council (AYC) is a non-governmental, youth-serving, regional organization in consultative status with the United Nations' Economic and Social Commission was formed on August 14, 1972. Memberships of the AYC comprised of national youth organizations in Asia. Member countries include Malaysia, Cambodia, China, Brunei Darussalam, South Korea and Mongolia. The AYC Secretariat is located in Malaysia. The Executive Secretary who reports directly to the AYC President and Secretary General serves as the Chief Operating Officer for the Secretariat.
Asian Youth Summit 2015 to Be Held HereMontsame, October 20

National Programme on POPs Amended
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) The cabinet meeting on Saturday approved the amendments to the National programme on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), in accordance with the duties of Mongolia before the Stockholm Convention on POPs (2001).
Persistent organic pollutants are a group of persistent substances that significantly harm human health and the environment, cause cancers, affect genes, and survive in nature decades without decomposition. Mongolia ratified in 2004 the Stockholm Convention on POPs that was enacted in 2001 in order to protect people’s health and environment from the threats. The first national programme on POPs was adopted in 2006, in observance of duties before the Convention. The POPs Review Committee has obligated the member- countries to renew the national programmes and to take required measures, due to the addition of ten substances to the POPs list.
In a scope of the obligation, a new national programme has been developed.  It aims to improve the legal environment regulating the matters related to POPs, such as collecting and recycling of industrial chemical wastes, to establish an eco-friendly management of disposal, and to reduce harm to human health. As a result of the two-stage programme, the legal environment for disposal and recycling of wastes containing POPs will improve and the consumption of POPs containing products will reduce. Management for collecting, transportation, recycling, processing and preserving of toxic waste, electric and auto vehicle scraps will be improved.

Stock Exchange Weekly
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 19 (MONTSAME) Five stock trades were held at Mongolia's Stock Exchange on October 13-17 of 2014. In overall, 171 thousand 470 shares were sold of 36 joint-stock companies totaling MNT 91 million 654 thousand and 999.00.
"Khokh gan” /50 thousand and 856 units/, "Genco tour bureau” /46 thousand and 594 units/, "Hai Bi Oil” /25 thousand and 727 units/, "Ulaansan” /14 thousand and 814 units/ and "Olloo” /10 thousand and 362 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value--"APU” (MNT 16 million 899 thousand and 330), "Ulaansan” (MNT 14 million and 814 thousand), "Hai Bi Oil” /MNT 10 million 060 thousand and 720/, "Gobi” /MNT six million 509 thousand and 490/ and "Khokh gan” (MNT five million 891 thousand and 809).

Nagoya University President Receives Polar Star Order
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) The Minister of Education and Science L.Gantomor on October 16 handed the state order “Polar Star” to the president of Nagoya University of Japan Michinari Hamaguchi.
Nagoya University has been contributing to Mongolia’s education and science sector through cooperating with our distinguished universities such as Mongolian State University, University of Science and Technology, University of Education and the National University of Medical Sciences for some 20 years by realizing joint research projects and programmes. The university has become one in Japan by its number of Nobel Prizes received in the last ten years, for example, its two professors were awarded as such for the works in physics in 2014.
Nagoya University is also to open its representative school in Mongolia. The Asian Satellite Campus is to run doctorate programme to train state servants of Asian countries through its campus in Mongolia.

Mongolia Leads Tashkent Grand Prix
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 19 (MONTSAME) The Tashkent Judo Grand Prix tournament ran on October 16-18 in Uzbekistan where our national team has grabbed three gold, three silver and four bronze medals.
On the first day of the events, D.Amartuvhsin IMS won gold medal in the men 60 kg contest, beating at the final Diyorbek Urozboev of Uzbekistan, the same day, A.Tsolmon (women 52 kg) and D.Altansukh (men 66 kg) won silver medals, and G.Otgontsetseg--a bronze in the women 48 kg.
On mid of the tournament, the State Honored Sportsman S.Nyam-Ochir grabbed the "gold" at the finals in the men 73 bout. Other Mongolians Ts.Monkhzaya (women 63 kg) and O.Uuganbaatar (men 81 kg) captured bronze medals.
On the last day, a heavyweight B.Temuulen won a gold medal in the men +100 kg contest. He defeated an Austrian Daniel Allerstorfer at the finals. 
At least one medal has been won by 42 from 24 countries. By its team results Mongolia led the tournament with ten medals. Mongolia was followed by Romania (two gold) and Uzbekistan (one gold, two silver and three bronze medals).

New exhibits displayed at National Museum of Mongolia
October 20 ( A closing ceremony for the “Heritage of Steppe Warriors” exhibition, which was on display for six months at the National Museum of Mongolia, was held last week.
At the closing ceremony of the exhibition, individuals who contributed their efforts to opening “Heritage of Steppe Warriors” in Ulaanbaatar were awarded by the Government of Mongolia.
Over the past six months, 55,196 visitors attended the exhibition.  One of the main exhibits was an Altai zither, a traditional instrument that was presented to Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping during their state visits to Mongolia.
During the ceremony, members of the Department of Anthropology and Archaeology at the National University of Mongolia and Institute of Archaeology of Mongolia brought samples of new exhibits to the National Museum of Mongolia.
These new exhibits include remains from a rock burial that discovered by an expedition lead by a researcher from the Institute of Archaeology at the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ts.Turbat, along with the Institute for Mongol Altai Studies, between 2008-2010. The artifacts were restored in Germany later.
The remains are part of Mongolia's ancient tangible cultural heritage, including warriors' braids (believed to be ancient warrior attire), a men's hat, a women's deel, and a felt rug.
The exhibition, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and Germany, opened on April 8th.

Mongolia commemorates the winning of its first Olympic medal
October 20 ( Today Mongolia's Olympic Team Athletes Union is celebrating the day that a Mongolian athlete won the nation's first Olympic medal on October 20, 1968.
The Central Sports Palace in Ulaanbaatar is holding a press conference along with Mongolian athletes who took part in Mongolia's first Olympic Games in 1964 and other Olympic medalists today.
On October 20th in 1968, Mongolian athletes earned the nation's first bronze medal in freestyle wrestling at the XIX Summer Olympic Games in Mexico.
Chimedbazar Damdinsharav sealed his name in Mongolian sports history as Mongolia's first Olympic bronze medalist.
Following his success, Mongolian athletes had Mongolia's national flag raised in the Olympic village. Freestyle wrestlers Danzandarjaa Sereeter and Tumur Artag won bronze medals, and Jigjid Munkhbat won a silver medal at the same Olympic Games.

Z.Ganbaatar wins the first medal at the Incheon 2014 Asian Para Games
October 20 ( 2014 Asian Para Games are taking place in Incheon, South Korea.
On the first day of the 2014 Asian Para Games, Mongolian athlete International Master Zandraa Ganbaatar won bronze in the men's 50 m rifle prone.
Zandraa Ganbaatar also qualified for the 2016 Rio Olympics.
The Mongolian team of 90 is comprised of 61 athletes, 15 coaches, staff and medical specialists.  Mongolian athletes are competing in judo, archery, shooting, athletics, sitting volleyball, powerlifting, boccia, table tennis, and swimming.
Around 4,500 athletes from 42 countries are competing in 23 sports at the Incheon 2014 Asian Para Games.
Shooter wins bronze at Asian Para gamesMontsame, October 20

Reserve-meat levels reach 12,000 tonnes
By S. Az
October 20 (Mongolian Economy) In spring, Mongolians particularly those in Ulaanbaatar, see the highest rise in meat price as supply shrinks and herders stop selling meats whilst young animals are born. Government will aid shortages by reserving meat when there is plenty in the market and selling it back to the people when there is a supply shortage. 
To meet the needs of a growing Ulaanbaatar, reserve-meat preparation has been planned regularly for several years. The meat the Government buys from herders between late November and early December is saved over winter and rereleased in early spring at an affordable price. 
For the past years, Darkhan-Uul and Orkhon provinces, both having larger cities, also started reserving meat and selling it in spring. This year, Darkhan Meat Foods, and Erd Meat, companies will supply reserved meat to these provinces. Each one of them will prepare, 1000 tonnes of meat supply. 
In the cities, companies have not been chosen for reserved meat preparation. A reserved meat manager tender has opened but the Makh Market made complaints claiming the unfairness of the tender request. The tender will now be released again for the second time from the 14th of this month. Companies chosen will have to prepare 12, 000 tonnes of meat. 

With no profit, coal companies operate just to keep customers 
By Az
October 20 (Mongolian Economy) T. Naran, Director of the Mongolian Coal Association, talked about the current situation and future estimates in the sector.
Q; The price drop in mining products on the global market has hit Mongolia’s economy. How does it look for Mongolia’s coal sector? Will exports increase?
A; Nationwide, coal export did not decrease, because Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi is exporting. Companies such as Energy Resources LLC and rural owned Tavan Tolgoi have experienced some decrease, compared to last year—because the price of coal has fallen in the Chinese market. In addition, the cost for transportation expenses is quite high for Mongolian companies. Even so, some companies are still exporting even though they’re not profiting.
Q; You mean they are operating just to keep their customers?
A; The companies have a deficit because mining product prices have dropped. Nevertheless, the amount of supply is increasing. Companies are operating just to keep their customers and waiting for the situation to get better. Currently, about 10 million tonnes of coal is exported. A tonne costs about USD 30. Apart from Energy Resources, companies agreed to sell direct from the mines. In other words, the companies are not able to bring their product across the border. This is because transporting by trucks is too expensive. Buyers come from Gantsmod and Sekhee border points to buy coal.
Q; Will prices increase in near future? How is the price decrease related to the Chinese market?
A; China’s coal usage has not decreased. However, its supply has increased. In other words, in addition to domestic supply, the amount of coal from foreign companies has risen. Prices have fallen due to high competitiveness.
Q; Is Mongolia’s debt to China’s Chalco nearing its end? And how has this affected business for Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi?
A: The debt to Chalco is a difficult situation. Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi has partially stopped its export. The company is selling its exploited coal directly from mine. To transport a tonne of coal from Tavan Tolgoi to the border costs about USD 20. The expense is high, because there is no railway. If customers come to the mine to buy coal it costs USD 35. Coal costs around USD 10-30 at the eastern seaports in China. But for Mongolia, it costs USD 20 just to transport from Tavan Tolgoi to China’s Gantsmod border point, a distance of about 270 kilometers. That’s a big distance. Although the price has fallen, other companies are competing to deliver their products to China. Other countries, in order to support their coal sector, are trying to decrease their transportation expenditures.
Q; Presidents from China and Russia paid official visits to Mongolia recently. They both said Mongolia needs to hurry up the construction work of railways. What gauge could be beneficial to Mongolia, according to the coal sector associates?
The international standard is the narrow gauge, with commercial and trade intentions. If Mongolia wants to sell its mining products, it should go for the narrow gauge. It is our goal to deliver our products to a third market. Consumers are the king. China’s market means the world market. It is the second biggest economy after the US. Xi Jinping’s visit gave Mongolia a great opportunity. Mongolia cannot lose this chance. We have no other option than suiting and delivering what customers want. We can’t afford to say “Buy or leave.” Secondly, Mongolia is a tiny supplier, compared to others supplying China. Thus, it has no choice than following the characteristics of the big market.
Q; According to various experts, 2016-2017 is considered the revival cycle of the mining sector. Do think the assumption is realistic?
A; There are quite a few studies on that. Some studies on coal prices are there as well. One study suggested that 2014 would be the lowest fall for mining. This means, next year the coal price won’t dip lower than this year’s. If this is the case, then good for us. But it won’t be as good as 2011 or 2012. If you want to make money from the coal market, you better have good fundamentals and research. Good management is crucial.

Mongolia’s First Ambassador to Principality of Andorra Accredited
October 20 ( The first and non-resident Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia to the Principality of Andorra Mr. Mundagbaatar BATSAIKHAN has presented a Letter of Credence to the Archbishop of Urgell and Co-Prince of Andorra, Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia in the Episcopal Palace on October 16, 2014.
At the ceremony, Ambassador M.Batsaikhan conveyed greetings from the state head of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj to the Co-Prince of Andorra and expressed Mongolia’s interest to develop bilateral relations in all appropriate sectors with recently established a diplomatic relation - Andorra.
Following the ceremony, Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Principality of Andorra Gilbert Saboya Sunye received the newly accredited Ambassador M.Batsaikhan and parties exchanged views on\ opportunities to broaden bilateral cooperation and to support each other to promote the two states. Also, new envoy handed a congratulatory letter to the Head of Government Mr. Antoni Marti Petit on the occasion of National Day celebration.
Mongolia has established the diplomatic relations with Principality of Andorra in New York City on November 21, 2011.
The Principality of Andorra also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, with population of 85,000, is a monarchy headed by two Co-Princes - the Spanish/Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell and the President of France.
Newly accredited Ambassador of Mongolia to the Principality of Andorra, M.Batsaikhan is the resident Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia to the French Republic and concurrently as the Permanent Representative of Mongolia to the UNESCO.

Mongolian Embassy to USA Holds Advertising Event
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) In a scope of "Introducing Mongolia" campaign, the Mongolian Embassy to the USA together with travelers Karen Hallweg and John McComb organized an advertizing event on October 15. 
The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia B.Altangerel introduced the travelers to the gathered. The travelers John and Karen presented their travel notes and photo presentation about their 5,000-km journey through Mongolia and appealed the guests to travel to Mongolia. The participants highly spoke the presentations' attractiveness. 
Present at the action were 60 representatives including Mongolia-associated officials from the US state organizations, National Geography Magazine and Peace corps.

Mongolian Practice on Nuclear Weapons Non-Proliferation Discussed
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) Mongolia's practices and policies on nuclear weapons were discussed during an international seminar in Geneva on October 17, on which the best practices in disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons were presented.
The seminar ran in a scope of the 131st session of the Inter-Parliamentary Union General Assembly. Parliamentarians of the union along with scholars and the experts participated in the seminar and discussed the best policies of 2013 on disarmament operations. Among the policies were Mongolia’s nuclear-weapon-free policy, and the achievements and practices of the law enacted in 2000.
The participants noted that Mongolia’s “free of nuclear weapons” status suits the country’s characters, and is a result of the state’s creative and mindful policies on the matter. The policy assists to strengthen the country’s security and to establish trust and sustainability in the region, they stressed.
Representing the country, the Ambassador-at-large J.Enkhsaikhan from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has taken part in the event to present the commitments of Mongolia on securing its nuclear-weapon-free status. 

Chinese Young Diplomats Visit
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) A Chinese delegation headed by Hou Yang Zi visited Mongolia on October 14-17, in accordance with a protocol on cooperation between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China. 
During the visit, the state secretary of our Ministry B.Boldbaatar and the head of the department for neighboring countries T.Togsbilguun received the guests, and the introductory meeting was also held with our young diplomats.
The guests also visited Zaisan Hill complex, Gandan Tegchinlen monastery and Bogdkhaan’s Palace-Museum, and travelled to the countryside as well.

Premier about Economic Situation
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Mongolia increased by 5.3% in the first nine months of this year against the previous year. The GDP growth was affected by almost 40% increase of the industrial sector which reached MNT 4.8 trillion.
The Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag said it in a report on the national economic situation by first nine months at a plenary meeting of the parliamentary session last Friday.
The mining industry rose by 45%, the processing industry--by 27%, energy and water supply sectors--by 21% each, a number of livestock--by 13%, and a size of harvesting--by 6.6%, he continued.
By first nine months of this year, the external trade turnover reached USD 8 billion, increasing 1.8% against the same period of 2013. The export increased 30%, whereas the import decreased by 16%, so there was almost no deficit in the external trade, the Premier said.
The price of coal, which makes 90% of the export products of Mongolia, declined at the world market by 31%, causing a problem to the national economy and the state budget, he said. "Although the coal export rose this year by 2.5 million tons against the previous year, the expected revenue from it cut by almost MNT 300 billion, so a number of budgetary and financial regulations are required,” he added.
The Premier said the inflation rate is slackening, the currency rates against Togrog are stabilizing thanks to a sustainable policy. For instance, the inflation rate has gone down from 14.9 to 13% in the last three months. In addition, a number of the unemployed decreased 10% this year against the previous year.
It is expected that the real economic growth will increase by 6.9% by end of this year due to possible investments from the “Chingis” bonds and the Development Bank of Mongolia, and joint programmes of the government and the Bank of Mongolia, the Premier emphasized.

Bicycle Parade Gathers 1,000 People
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) Last weekend on October 18 a "Sporty Ulaanbaatar" event gathered all generations of people at the central square of the city. Some 1,000 of them organized a bicycle parade.
The action ran in frames of the campaign “Alcohol or Sport?" initiated by the Mongolian Union of Youth in 2012. Before beginning the parade, the Union representatives presented their project of building 21km bicycle road, jointly with the “Street” project. They also said it will now become possible to ride bicycle on ice of the Tuul river.
In support of this action, Orkhon aimag held the same parade a day after commissioning its new bicycle road.
Other matches such as football and basketball, tug-of-war, volleyball, traditional games, chess tournament and marathon ran on the “Sporty Ulaanbaatar” event.  

Russia and China high speed rail line across Mongolia project MoU signed
October 20 ( An MoU for a high speed rail line project linking the capitals of Russia and China was signed by the two nations during a visit to Moscow by the Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, Li Keqiang.
The new passenger train project would make a journey along the length of the Trans-Siberian railway possible in two days. It currently takes six days to travel from Beijing to Moscow by rail.
It is estimated that the 7,000 km high speed rail line would cost 230 billion USD to complete. It would be three times longer than the world's longest high speed railway line from Beijing to Guangzhou (2,298km).
Chinese media reports that the high speed rail line will be laid through Mongolia.
The large construction project is expected to be a symbol of the two countries bilateral cooperation.
Beijing Times reported that if the project's funding is resolved without any restrictions, the high speed rail line linking China and Russia will be completed in five years.
Chinese CCTV said that China also submitted a bid to Russia to build an 803 km rail line from Moscow to the Tatar Republic of Russia.

Mongolia Immigration Office Announces to Stop Allocating
Visas to Nationals of Certain West African Countries
October 20 ( On October 20, 2014, Mongolia Immigration Office announced not to issue any type of visas for uncertain period and confirmation of personal letters of invitation to those nationals, where the epidemic of Ebola virus disease is ongoing and also warns its citizens not to travel these territories and invite foreign citizens.
An epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) is ongoing in certain West African countries including Liberia, where 4,262 cases occurred and 2,484 deaths are registered as of October 13, 2014, Sierra Leone (3,410/1,200 as of October 14, 2014), Guinea (1,519/862 as of October 14, 2014), Nigeria (19/7 as of October 14, 2014).
Moreover, the disease is occurred in the United States (3/1 as of October 14, 2014) and Senegal (1 case registered but an outbreak ended on October 17, 2014 declared by the WHO) and in Spain (1/0 as of October 14, 2014). If no new cases are detected, the WHO will declare the end of the outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Nigeria on October 20, 2014.
As of today, about 20 foreign nationals from above countries have applied to enter the territory of Mongolia and following a narrow inspection, two citizens of Nigeria were returned from the border port, says the Immigration Office spokesman.

Mongolia-China bilateral documents compilation published
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) A compilation of archived documents has been published on the 65th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China, in accordance with the decision made by the PRC’s Minister of foreign affairs Yang Jiechi during his visit to Mongolia in 2011.
The decision was on developing a compilation of bilateral documents archived. The cooperation to develop this booklet started when the Central Archives of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia and China held in 2010 a first consultative meeting in Beijing and signed a joint protocol after discussing mutual visits, cooperation and exchange of archived documents.
The Mongolian version of the compilation has been made with assistance from Minister counselor at the Mongolian Embassy to China T.Battsetseg, advisor to the Department for Policy-Planning and Strategy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Dr. G.Tomorchuluun, advisor to the Department for Neighboring Countries and state honored figure of culture Ya.Ganbaatar and the head of Central archive of the ministry B.Sarantuya along with the archives specialists O.Gaadarmaa and J.Khaliun, and was published at Admon Print LLC.
The Chinese version will come out within this year, conducted by the Central Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the PRC.

World champion S.Tseremchimed tops FILA ranking
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) The International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles (FILA) released last week the latest rankings of world’s top male and female wrestlers.
The rankings were updated based on results of the FILA Wrestling World Championships held in Uzbekistan and the 2014 Incheon Asian Games. Mongolian wrestlers were ranked high.
An international master of sports and World champion S.Tserenchimed led the ranking of women’s 60 kg division, being followed by Yulia Ratkevich of Azerbaijan; and Taybe Yusen of Bulgaria.
A State Honored Sportsman G.Mandakhnaran (men’s 65 kg) and an international master of sports E.Nyam-Ochir were ranked 3rd places. An international master of sports E.Bekhbayar was listed 5th, and D.Khuerbulga--in eight place, in the men’s 57 kg and 97 kg categories, respectively.

Distinguished Visitor Public Lecture by Hon. Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, President of Mongolia “Mongolian Transition to Democracy and Lessons”
October 19 ( Central European University
Budapest, Hungary
October 18, 2014
Ladies and Gentleman,
It is an honor to be with you here tonight at the Central European University. This renowned institution stands witness to the region’s transition to democracy since its founding in 1991. This campus is a rich source where the values of the open society continue to stem from.
In this regard, I would like to congratulate our good friend George Soros for spearheading this effort worldwide, for his unwavering commitment to education and lasting prosperity for all.
These lectures aim at promoting open debate, discussion and exchange of fresh and innovative ideas about the very nature of democracy. Indeed, the definition and evolution of democracy is an extremely timely subject on global agenda. Therefore, I commend the University – and its President John Shattuck – for launching this initiative.
I would like to begin my lecture with a brief introduction of my country and history.
Mongolia is a country of rich and ancient heritage, unique culture and astounding natural beauty. It is a land of free and brave, peace-loving and hard-working people. We inherited from our forefathers great lessons and lasting traditions of statehood while enriching the history of our nation and building for a better future for the generations to come.
The roots of our statehood go back more than two millennia and two centuries to the origins of the Hun Empire. Building upon the legacies and power of the Huns, Mongols had built the largest land empire in the history of the mankind.
In the Great Mongol Empire, Mongols governed by a written law called the “Ih Zasag,” which is translated as “the Great Order.” Then, as now, Mongols promoted free trade and conducted an open foreign policy. The Empire actively engaged with nations near and far in Asia, Europe and the Middle East. It was an era when the Mongols strove to establish a new world order, thus, justice, peace and cooperation in their relations with other states and peoples.
Through periods of prosperity and decadence, ruling and being ruled, Mongolia entered the world of the twentieth century. Modern Mongolia restored its freedom and true independence at the dawn of the 20th century. These were turbulent times around the world, and in early 1920s Mongolia took on communism which reigned the country for 7 decades.
Dear friends,
Twenty-five years ago, Mongolia stood at the crossroad to either gain our freedom or remain locked behind the stone wall. Mongolians thus joined the universal struggle for freedom, justice, human rights and individual liberties. And we prevailed. We had a peaceful revolution. It was a miracle, although we had a disadvantaged location in terms of its proximity to the free world, and while the Soviet Union was still intact. Our revolution did not break a single window, and not a single drop of blood was shed.
The second point I like would to make is that, as you know, many still believe that conducting political and economic reforms at the same time is not an Asian way. But this is a fairy-tale. We broke that old stereotype by reforming our political, economic and social systems concurrently since 1990.
On another note, we did not import democracy from elsewhere. We did this revolution united, all as one, people of all ages and trades, with no fear of cold of winter and winds of spring, with no fear of the humiliation and persecution of power-holders. And once people sense their own power, no authoritarian government can stand against the people who are determined to be free.
Freedom was the desire of our people throughout centuries. Freedom enabled our people to be owners of their destiny. Mongols say, ‘it is better to live by own choice how ever “bitter” it is, than to live by others’ rule however “sweeter” it is’. You see, people are genius. In order to govern we have to know our people, their aspirations, and our history and culture. If those in power think that they can forever disregard those they govern, they usually make a grave mistake. Peoples made it clear in 1990 throughout the world. This was true in Mongolia too.
Democracy literally means the power of people. Democracy is not about politics, it is about the people. In June 1990 for the first time, the Mongols conducted free, democratic, full election in our region.
As a matter of fact, most of the countries in the third wave of democratization were changing only some number of deputies. We established a multiparty, plural political system. Putting it shorter, Mongolia has become the most vibrant democracy in our part of the world.
No central planning, no autocratic rule and no military regime can produce what free man can do. We have seen this in Mongolia too. Mongolia has become a dynamic market economy.
The private sector which barely produced even less than 5% of GDP twenty years ago, today has become the driving force of the economy yielding more than 80% of our gross domestic product. Moreover, Mongolia has become one the fastest growing economies in the world. In terms of governance, Mongolia has made major breakthroughs and created open and most liberal governance in our region.
Dear friends,
I do believe in the power of freedom. The power of freedom is the mightiest force of history. Once that power unleashes, it ultimately leads to peace and prosperity. Creative ideas come with liberty. Once you are free, your actions tend to be more thoughtful.
Most regimes have failed because they didn’t respect their people’s creativity, their genius and their rights.
There are nations, where people live in captivity, fear and silence. I believe, one day from prison camps and torture cells and from exile the leaders of freedom will emerge. The world should stand with those oppressed people until the day their freedom finally arrives.
The strategy of repression and diversion will not work anymore. The pressure from the people to change the society through democracy will never relax. Greater technological connectivity makes the world wider, and the walls of isolation – thinner. I know, the God has planted in every heart the desire to live free. Even if that desire is crushed by tyranny, it rises again.
Usually tyrants justify their murders and cruelty as if they serve their great vision. But they end up distancing from fair and honest people around the world. They claim that free women and men are weak until the day when these men and women defeat them.
We all understand that democracy is not perfect. It is not the course to utopia. But it is the only way to common success and human dignity. Democracy as a representative form of government will reflect, in any nation, their cultures and traditions.
They will not and should not look the same. But in every decent society there is a common trend. They limit the power of the state, they tend to be responsive and ruled by the institutions of the people. They protect the freedom with consistent and impartial rule of law.
They support healthy civic institutions, independent media and judiciary. They fight corruption, invest in human capital, and recognize gender equality. They appeal to the hopes of their own people.
I am confident that if we stand for the hope and freedom of others we will make our own freedom more secure. To this end, we are committing funds and time to share our experiences and lessons with other countries. To name but a few cases, with Kyrgyzstan we are sharing our lessons learned in building effective parliamentary democracy and doing legal reform; with Afghanistan, we are conducting training for diplomats and public servants; with Myanmar, we are hosting media workers, journalists and civil society members; and with North Korea, we are engaging in economic and security dialogue.
We Mongolians forced to build the biggest and longest wall on the face of earth. But we recently have torn down the darkest wall that blocked us from the rest of the world. Nowadays we are eager to help to tear down the remaining walls, barring the way of our freedom-loving sisters and brothers. The size of our population and economy of my country may be modest. But as the democratic anchor in the east, our experiences shed much greater light to the world. I sensed this when I was reading my lecture “No Dictatorship Lasts Forever” in a sombre audience at Kim Il Sung University in Pyongyang.
Why we, Mongolians, chose democracy? It is because a democracy is based on the faith in the dignity and worth of every single individual as a human being.
It is because a democratic society aims at the highest development of every one of its members. It is because everyone is provided with full scope and opportunities for self-development and self-realization. Everyone is respected in the society without any consideration of his vocation or calling, and his contribution, however humble, is appreciated. That’s why we chose democracy.
Why we, Mongolians, love freedom? It is because we earned it in a hard way. It is because we knew that freedom is our property, our right from the birth. It is because freedom gives the ruling power to the people, and not to the hands of particular persons or group of persons. People know that the government in a democratic country cannot be a property of any specific man or family.
Democracy is not simply a question of structures, it is a state of mind, it is a state of activity. You cannot be democratic one day, and undemocratic on another. It is a state of mind, it is a way of living, and it is an essence of action. Never people have been so educated, so independent, so agile, so enthusiastic, and so creative. We need to tap that.
People know that God did not make rich or poor, powerful or weak. He made only female and male. And he gave them their right as well as their government for their own possession. And because of that, we, the civil servants, regardless of our positions and duties must serve to the interests of all who hired us and pay our salaries.
My Hungarian friends,
We should never take democracy for granted. Democracy can emerge and develop, but it can also decay. We have to defend democratic principles and manifest our tolerance to the opposition, minorities and respect for the rule of law.
The constitution is a sacred document in a democracy. Any party or leader who holds a temporary majority should exercise caution about using that majority. If they impose changes single handedly in the constitutional rules, that could be perceived as trying to gain partisan advantage.
In Mongolia we made that mistake once some years ago, which has a notorious name “the worsening change”. Until today we are wrestling to reinstate the original principles of our constitution. The lesson is, we all should commit to a fair, level playing field of democratic competition. All governments must maintain power through consent, not coercion.
From my quarter-a-century experience as a fighter for democracy, there is never a final victory for democracy. It is always a struggle in every generation, and you have to take up the course of time and time again. This reminds us that we must do our homework, carry our burden, and do what we have to do in our time. But look, make no mistake, we should hold firmly on to our values and not retreat from our common success.
We have to keep moving up, from bad to good, and from good to better. We know every power has its limits, but our legacy should contribute to the collective good of humanity. We should leave behind us fair laws, strong institutions, good culture.
Our common experience show us that if any democracy is not carefully legislated to avoid an uneven distribution of political power with balances, then one of branches of rule could accumulate power, therefore, becoming harmful to democracy itself. To avoid this situation, at the level of state we are trying to introduce effective institutions to constrain the nearly unlimited discretion of rulers. That means we are putting our effort to build institutions of vertical and horizontal accountability.
Let me cite a few examples.
First, the genuinely democratic election is the premier institution of vertical accountability. We passed the time when elections in Mongolia were a mine of fraud. There were incidences when not the one who collected, but the one who counted emerged as winner. Computers and machines don’t cheat, but humans do.
So we introduced a biometric registration system and electronic ballot-counting machines, becoming the second country in our region to do so. Even in the runs with the closest margin, the election victory is acknowledged by the opponents, without protests, without panic. In our last three elections we used this system. People now come to the polling stations with full confidence that their vote will count, their participation will make a difference.
Second, there were times in Mongolia when we had jails, but no citizen halls. In 2009, upon assuming Presidency, I started my first working day by making my office room into a Citizen Hall in our Government House. Since then, all administrative units, all cities, towns and settlements have established such chambers. Every draft decision would be consulted with citizens here. This has become an established tradition in our decision-making system at all levels. But we will not stop here.
Even if a citizen is given a right, without fiscal incentives, this right is hollow. Therefore, we established Local Development Fund, and based on a certain formula, mainly on the number of population, people receive funds for their disposal. People discuss their pressing issues according to a rule they collectively adopt, distribute the funds and place control over its performance. Even the most far-sighted leader cannot fully see the problems which community confronts every day, it is the people, as one family, who know their day-to-day challenges and solutions. This our experience is identical to the direct democracy in Switzerland in ideas, substance and form.
Even here we will not stop. In most democracies, people are sick and tired of sweet tongue of politicians. People are not really interested in what politicians talk about, but what they are really interested in is how their hard-earned tax money is spent. Therefore, we introduced a “glass account system” - the Budget Transparency Law. We demand our public officials to publicize what they spend. By Law, they should update their expenditure decisions, the amount of money they spend within 72 hours on internet or in paper in public places, no matter where they work. If they fail to do so, punishment will follow – they will be dismissed from whatever official positions they hold.
It is a great joy to serve your nation with the free consent of fellow citizens. In Mongolia we never hide our shadow. If there is honest, open, free media, there is no place to hide, there is no place to do dirty things. If you are honest, you can be honest even in the darkness. Mr. Soros, who stood at the root of this learning institution, said: ”Once we realize that imperfect understanding is the human condition, there is no shame in being wrong; only in failing to correct our mistakes”.
I think, the beauty of freedom is that it is a learning process. We can make mistakes, but it will not cost our life as in dictatorship. In Mongolia we have no censorship at all on any media entities. Our law bans government ownership and any form of government control of any media entity. By the number of public and free media and the number of social media users per capita Mongolia is among the top countries in the world.
I like criticism, even if it’s unfounded. People have a right for suspicion about the deeds of their representatives and state officials. In my political life I have always been bombarded by my opponents and free media. But I have never written a single complaint to the police or courts against their insult, attacks and grievances.
I will keep this principle for the future as well. For we can never intimidate and discourage the people who voice their words with courage. The essence of freedom rests precisely here - in the freedom of expression of the people. And we must protect it.
Before heading to Budapest, I had last touches on drafts of Law about Public Hearing, Law on Public Participation, Law on Responsibilities of Elected and Appointed Officials, Law on Procurement and License Permit, Law on Limiting State Commercial Activities, Criminal Law, Law on Administrative Violations and Law on Legal Procedures, as well as the National Program Against Corruption. The drafts of all of these laws were discussed by interested parties, experts and citizens.
These are only a small portion of laws which we introduced to improve the quality of democratic institutions in my country. It will in turn help us exercise horizontal accountability between state agencies, branches and officials for their performance. I think, the real test for any public official is not defined by how politicians deliver their social and economic promises, but by how they fight with the misuse of power.
Democracy is a difficult system to maintain. According to a survey conducted by Larry Diamond, a leading contemporary scholar in the field of democracy studies, “one-third of all democracies in the world have broken down since 1974, and among the developing countries the figure is closer to 40%”. The study shows that the most common cause of democratic failure is bad governance. In Mongolia people criticize that ‘my country is poor not because we don’t have money, it is poor, because we don’t have justice’. Every morning when I go to work, I think about this ordeal.
To fight the misdeeds of public officials, the role of nation’s leaders is instrumental. Thanks to our national mobilization, the corruption perception index of Mongolia by Transparency International decreased by two-digit numbers in each of the last three years. Corruption is a serious crime, connected with power and wealth. Those who commit that crime using their power, money and connections, try to create the court of public opinion to escape the court of law.
The challenge of corruption must be addressed. Corruption is a true enemy to development. It devours the fruits of hard work of people. It destroys the fundamentals of fair, just and secure society. It makes government less efficient, less effective and less accessible. Corruption is a brutal force capable to destroy institutions, values, culture, nations. To exterminate this evil the whole society must fight. At the end of the day, people painfully pay all the prices of bad governance and corrupted behaviours. The hope is our people, intolerant to corruption and abuse of power.
I am grateful to my countrymen for tirelessly demanding reforms in the judiciary. Aligned with our society, we started a comprehensive judicial reform to replace the “Vyshinsky” judiciary system by the people’s judiciary. We had more than 20 laws to adopt to accomplish this task, half of which we approved and are enforcing. So we are passing the hardest hurdles on this mission. People’s confidence in fair court of law is being restored.
Decisions of courts of all instances are now published and updated on internet daily. Judges’ salary on average is three-fold higher than the average wage in Mongolia. Judges have been separated from administrative burden and now exclusively engage in their professional duties. Similar reforms are being conducted in other branches of our legal system.
We know that a high-quality democracy requires politically neutral state. Over the past years, one of the hardest challenges we faced was changing the mind-set of the people. It was hard to change the way of thinking than the system. In our case, our civil service is still called “a state service”. They are highly partisan, rent-seeking, extremely dependent on election results, and often they work as clients of those in power. The brightest and most talented are not attracted. As fresh air, a merit-based, ethical and highly professional civil service is needed. For this to happen, we are working to change the existing bad cultures in relation to state service, political party, political financing and so on.
In order to sustain a healthy society, we must keep it tidy every day. It is true that power corrupts. The hope at the polling stations and the actions of the elected representatives, unfortunately, often turn to be opposite. The power of ballot turns into the power of wallet. Some law-makers become law-breakers. This fact seriously endangers the genuine trust of the people in democracy.
We have to remember our gratefulness to the citizens on the election night in all our days when we are in office.
In my country, politics itself has become a serious problem. The government is expanding. Look, here I have two phone sets. This one we used when mobile phone was first introduced. This one is a typical one we use today. You see the difference? As functions increase, phones tend to become smaller, smarter and more user- friendly. However, as government functions increase, it becomes bigger, sluggish and distant.
So, as a strategy to tackle this menace, I put forward a Smart Government initiative. Today we need to use technological advances in order to meet our people’s needs and serve our society better. We have to design our public administration smartly, simply and securely, similar to a dashboard and services in an airplane. But in our reality, our airplane’s dashboard and services are not properly functioning. Imagine you are on-board there.
In this conjunction, we are taking drastic measures. We put moratorium on establishing new state enterprises and limiting government’s commercial activities. We are ending with government equity shares. Besides, one-third of our existing permits and licenses are eliminated, one-third we shifted to private institutions and professional organizations, and the remaining one-third of essential ones will be offered through internet. I also suggested that budget allocations be stopped to unnecessary administrative bureaucracies.
What do you think, what people want from their governments? Simple. A better life for themselves and for their children. Government that is fair, just and responsible.
Ladies and gentlemen,
We know that dismantling old oppressive regimes is a great deal faster and easier than building new flourishing democracies. Chinggis Khaan once said: ”It was easier to conquer the world on horseback than to dismount and govern.” What I spoke about today proves the truth of this wisdom. True validation of democracy lies less in what we tear down, and more in what we build.
I think it can be done because this generation understands better than any of the previous generations what’s going on. Real progress comes from people. In other words, if democracy is to be rebuilt, if it to come again vigorous and vibrant, we have to believe in our people, who know their rights, who tame the advances of technology, better than us, the politicians.
Today people become more connected, so more knowledgeable, they become more organized, so more demanding. Instead of begging people’s trust, we politicians have to learn to trust our public.
The first step into justice begins with the politicians. You have to demand from yourself what you demand from people. It is not a question of what citizens do; it is a question of what politicians do.
Not only new technologies emerged, but also a new generation has emerged. A new world has emerged. Then, the legitimacy of governments will ultimately depend on active and informed citizens. So if governments don’t work for the people… People, I have a single message for you – organize!
We cannot rest here. There will be another tide of change, another tide of challenge, from physical disarray to failed states, from weapons of mass destruction to global warming, from uncertain supply of energy, food, water to new challenges to freedom and security. We are the first ones in whole human history that has technology and money to resolve the global problems. Only fraction of money and technology we spend on wars could solve today’s troubling issues.
We Mongolians seek to make our own contribution for solving some of these pressing challenges. In particular, we actively work to ensure peace and security in North-East Asia. Our nuclear weapon-free-zone status was supported by permanent members of the UN Security Council. My country became one of the 20 largest peacekeeping contributors in the world. Recently Mongolia chaired the world’s most reputable democracy movement – Community of Democracies. We established in the Community its Governing Council, Executive Committee and full-time Secretary General. We commenced permanent operation of the Community at the UN in New York and Geneva. By our initiative was launched the new Network of Democratic Leaders, and was adopted the historic UN resolution on Education for Democracy. Mongolia chairs the Freedom Online Coalition, an intergovernmental coalition for promoting internet freedom. In 2016 Mongolia will host the 11th ASEM Summit.
The leaders of 53 countries of Asia and Europe will meet in Mongolia on the 20th historical jubilee of this renowned organization. I thank the ASEM Member States for supporting Mongolia’s initiative to host ASEM Summit in acknowledgement of the success, achievements and hard-work of the Mongolian people.
These shared successes give us hope, but they should not give us rest.
Thank you for your attention.

President’s advisor meets ADB delegation
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) Human Development and Social Policy Advisor to the President of  R.Bold held a meeting on October 20 with Asako Maruyama, educational expert of the Asian Development Bank’s / ADB / East Asia Department, Stefan Rau, Urban Development Specialist and project officers of the ADB.
Ms. Asako Maruyama introduced the “Skills for Employment Project” and "Darkhan Waste water Management Project" and said these projects by the ADB under soft loan terms that should be included in this year’s budget of the ADB. “Skills for Employment Project” was implemented by Ms. Asako Maruyama and "Darkhan Waste water Management Project" was implemented by Mr. Stefan Rau respectively. “Skills for Employment Project” aims at three targeted spheres such as agriculture, construction and road-transportation. "Darkhan Waste water Management Project" is focused to make the city of Darkhan competitive with Ulaanbaatar city, decreasing population density and reducing poverty in Mongolia.
Parties exchanged views on the implementation of the two projects and discussed some detailed issues. President’s Advisor R.Bold appreciated for the ADB’s strong support for Mongolia since 1990 and said that he was pleased to hear that the ADB approved a 30 million USD loan to promote micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises of Mongolia. He also underlined that President of Mongolia focuses his attention to improving employment skills.
Ms. Asako Maruyama said that in order to finance these projects, the ADB is seeking approvals from the Government and the Parliament of Mongolia to attach financing in the ADB budget for 2014. Advisor R.Bold noted that the 2015 State Budget of Mongolia will be approved on November 15, 2014 and the above mentioned projects will be reviewed by the Government within this date, reports Public relations and communications division of the Office of the President.

Stock exchange news for October 20
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) At the Stock Exchange trades on Monday, a total of 53 thousand and 222 shares of 15 JSCs were traded costing MNT 163 million 714 thousand and 256.00.
"Mongolian Development National Corp” /44 thousand and 886 units/, “E-trans logistcs” /3,930 units/, “Khokh gan” /1,566 units/, “Genco tour bureau” /1,500 units/ and "APU” /396 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value were "Mongolian Development National Corp” (MNT 157 million and 101 thousand), "Sharyn gol” (MNT two million 346 thousand and 500), “APU” (MNT one million 474 thousand and 150), "Tavantolgoi” (MNT 875 thousand) and "Makh impex” (MNT 616 thousand and 400).
The total market capitalization was set at MNT one trillion 564 billion 105 million 793 thousand and 692. The Index of Top-20 JSCs was 15,622.24, increasing 8.06 units or 0.05% against the previous day.

Communication services in figures
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) By the first nine months of this year, the revenue from communication services amounted to MNT 533.1 billion, showing an increase of MNT 78.5 billion or 17.3 per cent. The income collected from the population covered 72.9 percent of the total income of the sector, showing 2.5 unit decrease compared to the same period of the previous year.
The number of immovable telephone spots reached 214.1 thousand, increasing by 50.7 thousand or by 31.0% against 2013. This was an effect of increase in the number of organizations that provide triple services. Nominal amount of telephone users in 2014 is 3587.7 thousand by the end of September.
The numbers showed increase of 97.9 thousand or 2.8 percent in telephone users and of 70.7 thousand or 26.9 per cent in cable television users.  The post services delivered a total of 495.5 thousand writings and letters, 124.7 thousand packages and 7472.8 thousand regular publications to their customers. Number of delivered letters has increased by 2.0 thousand or 0.4 percent, and of packages – by 34.2 thousand or 37.8 percent, and number of publications decreased by 1102.1 thousand or 12.9 percent, compared to the same period of 2013.

Rankings of Mongolian judokas
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 20 (MONTSAME) The International Judo Federation (IJF) last Friday released the latest rankings of judokas of the world.
According to the updated rankings, a State Honored Sportswoman and World champion M.Urantsetseg topped the women’s 48 kg division, and World champion G.Boldbaatar IMS led the men’s 60 kg division with 2,676 points. The ranking of a silver medalist of World Championships D.Amartuvshin (1,520 points) went up to 6th place in the men’s 60 kg category.
An international master of sports D.Tomorkhuleg kept his 3rd place in the men’s 66 kg, where a Brazilian judoka Charles Chibana is still (1,978 points) leading the category. State Honored Sportsmen and Olympic bronze medalists Kh.Tsagaanbaatar and S.Nyam-Ochir were ranked in the sixth and seventh places in the men’s 73 kg, respectively.
A State Honored Sportsman and Olympic gold, silver medalist N.Tuvshinbayar kept the ninth place with 1,176 points in the men’s -100 kg category. D.Sumya (1,514 points) IMS held her ninth place in the women’s 57 kg division.

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