Sunday, December 21, 2014

Mongolia Brief November 28, 2014

P.Tsagaan Participates in Int’l Conference and Business Forum
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) Head of the Presidential Office P.Tsagaan took part in international conference themed “Eurasia week–improving the competitiveness of Eurasian region”, organized by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) November 24-27 in Paris of France.

With the key mission of promoting policies that improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world, the OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems. This time the conference brought together high level officials from 34 member states, 13 Central Asian countries and East Europe, and delegates of the world’s biggest entities.
The OECD programme on improving a competitiveness of Eurasia, which launched in 2008, has involved Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldavia and Ukraine.
Mr Tsagaan also attended a business forum titled “Business opportunities in Eurasia” to deliver a report themed “The economic competitiveness of Mongolia, policy on specializing the economy, difficulties and lessons”. Then he introduced Mongolia’s initiatives and experiences in procurement actions of NGOs and the state policy.
During the business forum, Mr Tsagaan ran meetings with Mr Marcos Bonturi, Director of the OECD Global Relations Secretariat, and Mr Antonio Somma, Head of the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme. Mr Tsagaan underlined an importance of the OECD’s cooperation, experiences of developmental organizations and assistance for successfully implementing the state and economic reforms since 1990. He said Mongolia wants to realize four projects on strengthening a sustainable competitiveness of Mongolia’s mining sector, fortifying the ties and partnership between the state and the private sector, specializing the economy, and on designing a developmental policy on the small- and middle-sized productions.      

Mongolia Elected to Chair International IDEA in 2016
November 28 ( Mongolian delegates led by Deputy Director of the Policy Planning and Research Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Economic Cooperation, G.Amartuvshin attended the 23rd session of the International IDEA Council of Member States held in Gaborone, Botswana on November 25-26, 2014.
At the session, the International IDEA Council member states discussed the annual report and mid-term strategic partnership program. Furthermore, participants elected new Council Board members.
Moreover, Member States unanimously agreed to elect Mongolia to Chair the International IDEA Council in 2016, but according to regulations, Mongolia will administer as Deputy Chair of the Organization in 2015 until it assumes the chairmanship for 2016.
Mongolia joined the International IDEA in 2011. In 2013, Mongolia was elected a member of its Council at the previous 22nd session.
Today, the International IDEA has full member states of 29 countries and one Observer - Japan.
Australia (joined 1995),
Barbados (1995),
Belgium (1995),
Botswana (1997),
Canada (1997),
Cape Verde (2003),
Chile (1995),
Costa Rica (1995),
Denmark (1995),
Dominican Republic (2011),
Finland (1995),
Germany (2002),
Ghana (2008),
India (1995),
Indonesia (2013),
Mauritius (1999),
Mexico (2003),
Mongolia (2011),
Namibia (1997),
The Netherlands (1995),
Norway (1995),
Peru (2004),
Philippines (2013),
Portugal (1995),
South Africa (1995),
Spain (1995),
Sweden (1995),
Switzerland (2006),
Uruguay (joined in 2003);
Mongolia Becomes Chair of IDEA for 2016Montsame, November 28

Supreme Prize of Academy of Sciences Awarded
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) On occasion of the 375th anniversary of Ulaanbaatar city and the Day of Scientific Figures of Mongolia, the Academy of Sciences of Mongolia (AS) has bestowed its supreme prize--the Gold Medal of Khubilai Khaan--upon Yo.Gerelchuluun, a member of the AS’s Minor Conference for sociology.
The award was given by the AS president B.Enkhtuvshin on Friday. The Khubilai Khaan’s Gold medal goes to Mongolian and foreign scholars or state figures who significantly contribute to a development of the AC. 

Mongolia and Buryatia agree to expand ties
November 28 ( Chairman of the People's Khural of the Republic of Buryatia Matvey Gershevich is making an official visit to Ulaanbaatar.
Chairman of the Ulaanbaatar Citizens' Representatives Khural D.Battulga welcomed Chairman Gershevich and other officials of Buryatia, holding talks on bilateral relations and developments between the two countries.
At the beginning of the meeting Chairman D.Battulga thanked the delegates from Buryatia for visiting Ulaanbaatar.
D.Battulga introduced the structure, organization of the Ulaanbaatar Citizens' Representatives Khural and about issues solved by the board. He suggested that Chairman Gershevich hold a forum for the top tour companies of both countries in Ulaanbaatar.
Gershevich emphasized, "A win-win situation comes from future expansion of bilateral trade, business, and bilateral cooperation since the meeting of the presidents of Russia and Mongolia, which faded in past years. We are ready for cooperation with your country.”
Chairman of the People's Khural of the Republic of Buryatia Matvey Gershevich wants to revive flights between Ulaanbaatar and Ulaan Ude, expand bilateral cooperation on railroads, jointly develop vehicle logistics, cooperate on a natural gas gasification project, and export meat from Mongolian to a meat processing plant in Ulaan Ude.

Monos pharmacist gets a two-year sentence
November 28 ( Monos Pharmacy staff who distributed high dosages of Luminal (phenobarbital) for infants, which resulted in the poisoning and hospitalization of sixteen infants between the ages of four days and three months, were sentenced on Thursday at Criminal District Primary Court II.
A pharmacist from the Ekh Nyalkhas branch of Monos Pharmacy, B.Erdenechimeg was charged with distributing excessive dosages of Luminal to infants and failing to meet her professional responsibility. The court delayed her two-year sentence for two years as she is now pregnant.
A medical staff member of Monos-Ulaanbaatar was charged with giving inaccurate instructions over the phone on how to take the pill, resulting in the poisoning of two infants poisoned. D.Javkhlantugs received a one-year suspended sentence.
The hearing was attended by the parents of infants who were hospitalized.
Parents of the poisoned infants told reporters, “Since the incident, our kids get sick and need to see doctor more than usual. We are afraid of what the side-effects of the poisoning will be in the future.”

Mongolian National Knucklebone Shooting Registered on UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
November 28 ( The Ninth Session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (with Committee members from 24 countries) is taking place at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris on November 24-28, 2014.
On November 27, 2014, the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage inscribed sixteen new elements on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, in which Mongolian Knucklebone Shooting is included.
Mongolian Federation of Knucklebone Shooting nominated the Knucklebone Shooting Game for Inscription on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2012.
Knucklebone Shooting is very popular nationwide in Mongolia. In terms of divisional units it is composed of ''Shagai Toirom'' or ''Knucklebone Circles'' which is a permanent bond of teams consisted of highly experienced masters and proficient pupils of the local community. There are more than 10 active traditional ''Knucklebone Circles'' in Dundgovi, Dornogovi, Umnugovi, Uvurkhangai, Selenge, Bulgan Aimags and regions of the country.
A single unifying force of all Knucklebone Shooters of Mongolia is the Mongolian Federation of Knucklebone Shooting headquartered in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar.
Since the ancient times Mongolians held a reverence to some parts of bones of their domestic livestock animals and are still accustomed to use them in their religious rites, traditional games and plays. One of those exalted bones is the ''knucklebone or anklebones'' of sheep. Such worship led to the origin of the ''culture of knucklebone art'' and consequently to more than another 120 kinds of various games with knucklebones.
A large number of traditional Mongolian games are played using the anklebones of sheep (knucklebones), known in Mongolian as ''Shagai''. Depending on the game the anklebones may be tossed like dice, flicked like marbles, shot at with arrows, caught in the hands, or simply collected according to the roll of a die.
The most sophisticated kind was the ''Knucklebone Shooting'' which grew even deeper in terms of technique and methods and by the test of time it evolved to become a heritage of national status. It represents the very core of Mongolian psychic embossed with its folk cult mentality.
Specially polished to shine knucklebones are shot in the straight downwards direction in the angle of about 30-45 degrees into the target zone named as ''Zurkhai'' by flicking 30 domino-like shooting tablets of marble named ''Khasaa'' laid on a lined smooth wooden surface from a distance of 9 elbows (4.72 meters) towards a target of sheep and goat ankle bones that are arranged to the given orders of the current game rule. Its technique demands high accuracy and precision and might seem somewhat similar to bowling, with the object being to knock down more of the ankle bones than your opponent.
During the shooting tournaments shooters communicate with each other not with words, but in a specific manner of singing of traditional ''Knucklebone Shooting'' melodies and songs with cheering lyrics such as ''Hail you, friend'', ''Hit the target'', ''Hail the board'' which sound more or like ''Long Songs''. Costume designs for all knucklebone shooters have their own distinguished characteristics depending on their ranks and merits.
Thus, the ''Knucklebone Shooting'' is undoubtedly one of those splendid cultural heritages of Mongolia along with ''Urtyn Duu'' - ''Long Songs'', "Khuumii" - ''Throat Singing'', ''Morin Khuur'' - ''Horse Cello'' and ''Mongol Naadam'' - ''Mongolian Festivity'' that are already in the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Heritage.
Each tournament last for 2-3 hours depending on the scale and type of the competition. It demands high tolerance and endurance from competitors as they sit and rise up to 50-60 times as they compete, as well as maximum precision of sight and accuracy of fingertips performance. It is also a magnificent tradition that, in respect of their seniority, some elder players of 60-90 years of age are allowed to use their ''chavkh'' or ''shooting bow''.
Main definitions of Mongolian Knucklebone Shooting:
- It is one of traditional national games of Mongolian nation with a history and heritage inherited from generations to generation for many hundreds of years.
- It contains own specific rules, customs and disciples that are highly valuable and unique to enhance, educate and enrich human spirit and morality, and is playable in any conditions and circumstances.
- It is a team based game that strengthens mutual bonds between the players and the masters and builds firm and long lasting friendship of people.
- It is an effective and productive method of spending free time that enlightens human mind, widens one's mentality and develops various techniques of sheer command, self-control and high precision. In that sense it is one best way of training and educating young people.
- ''Shagai Toirom'' or ''Knucklebone Circle'' is a round shaped place where shooter gather not only to compete, but also to swear their bond and mutual respect. Shooters set up their tents in circles according to the rules of ''Shagai Toirom''.
- ''Zurkhai'' is a smooth wooden board where ''khasaa'' or ''targets'' are placed in a single row.
- ''Khasaa'' is a target. It's either a knucklebone or is made of deer horn, elephant fang or endurable plastic.
- ''Khashlaga'' is a very solid wooden board that is hand crafted by true masters and on which a shooting knucklebone is placed.
- Shooting dices are hand crafted of naturally fallen deer horn and have a square shape.
- ''Tokhoi'' or ''Elbow'' is a wooden stand of 52.5 cm tall and 5-7cm wide on which hit targets or ''khasaa'' are placed during the competition.
- ''Chavkh'' is a shooting bow that is used in case shooters are tired or to enhance the shooting procedure.
The Knucklebone Shooting competitions are organized in two manners: ''Temtseen'' or tournaments and ''Toirom'' or Premierships'. Tournaments are organized according to the rules set by the Federation and are considered to be as the main event. Premierships are held in the regional parts on the initiatives of local masters and specialists as they sometimes gather in the countryside, valleys and mountains to compete and to celebrate according to the ancient rituals and customs in order to affirm that traditional spell of Knucklebone Shooting. Usually tournaments involve 50-80 teams with 500-1,000 shooters at once which is an impressive figure and a sign of high popularity of the heritage in Mongolia. Team members are tied by unbreakable internal bonds and follow clear ethical rules of mutual respect and dignity. No conflicts and contentions can be tolerated within or between the teams as certain moral codes of lawful honour are strictly obeyed. Up-to-date the Federation has had organized over 30 major nationwide tournaments and the titles of ''Mighty par Excellence'', ''Genius par Excellence'', ''Par Excellence'', ''Winner par Excellence'' had been granted to more than 3,000 most powerful and astute shooters in accordance with their ranks and merits. Since 1998 a tradition of participating in annual National Naadam Festivities has been established and the President of Mongolia personally awards the winners on the ceremony of victory held at the Central Stadium in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar.
In 1998, President of Mongolia declared the ''Knucklebone Shooting'' as an official customary imperative of the state and approved the standards of its ranks, titles and awards. Nowadays, this national game of ''Knucklebone Shooting'' has been recognized as game of national status.

Cabinet Meeting of Government of Mongolia to Be Held on Every Monday from December 01, 2014
November 28 ( The 28th Prime Minister of Mongolia Ch.Saikhanbileg issued an ordinance to host the Cabinet meeting of the Government on every Mondays effective from December 01, 2014.
According to new regulation, the Cabinet meeting will start on Mondays at 04:00 pm and the meeting resolutions will be released on Tuesdays.
The Cabinet meeting chaired by the 27th Premier N.Altankhuyag used to meet on every Saturdays in August 09, 2012 - November 05, 2014 and the previous Cabinet chaired by the 26th Premier S.Batbold had met on every Wednesdays in October 29, 2009 - August 09, 2012.

Mongolia to Deploy 120 Servicemen in Second Stage of
“Resolute Support” Mission in Afghanistan
November 28 ( The First Shift of Mongolian Armed Forces with its 120 military servicemen to participate in the second stage of “Resolute Support” mission in Afghanistan has paid tribute to the Flag of the Defense Ministry of Mongolia on November 27, 2014.
At the farewell ceremony, Chairman of Strategy Policy Planning Department at the Ministry, Colonel G.Saikhanbayar, Brigadier General at General Staff of Mongolian Armed Forces (GSMAF) J.Badambazar as well as other officials from the Ministry of Defense and GSMAF have respectfully attended in this event.
The NATO’s first stage of the “Resolute Support” mission by International Security Assistance Force’s (ISAF) takes over on January 01, 2015, and in the period of 2003-2014, Mongolia has deployed 10 shifts with over 3,000 servicemen.
The First Shift of 120 Mongolian militants will participate in the second stage of “Resolute Support” mission in Afghanistan, where a total of 12,000 military servicemen from NATO-member and partner nations will be participating, which will be a true test of the international community’s commitment to the long-term stability of Afghanistan.
The second stage of “Resolute Support” is a non-combat mission that aims to provide further support for the continued development and sustainment of the Afghan security forces and institutions post-2014.

Buryatia Requests to Restore Direct Flights between Ulaanbaatar and Ulan-Ude
November 28 ( On November 27, 2014, the Chairman of Ulaanbaatar City Citizens’ Representatives Khural (City Council) D.Battulga received the visiting delegation from the Republic of Buryatia headed by the People's Khural Chairman Matvei Gershevich to discuss bilateral partnership and concerning issues between the two countries.
At the beginning of meeting, City Council Chairman D.Battulga introduced the Council structural and organizational frames as well as its implementing works and further plans. Moreover, he proposed to organize a Mongolia-Buryatia Forum between the tourist companies in Ulaanbaatar.
In respond, the Chairman M.Gershevich noted, “Following the latter meeting between the heads of state of Mongolia and Russia, the bilateral cooperation reached in a new stage that caused to boosting frozen trade turnover and economical partnerships. In this regard, we are ready to collaborate with Mongolia at all potential spheres”.
Furthermore, Buryatian side expressed its wiliness to restore direct flights between Ulaanbaatar and Ulan-Ude and broaden cooperation in railway sector as well as jointly develop projects on auto road logistics, gasification of natural gas and to supply meat from Mongolia.

NATO Delegates Visit Mongolia to Get Acquainted with Science for Peace and Security Programme
November 28 ( The Government of Mongolia had established an Individual Partnership and Cooperation Program with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 2012 and under the collaboration, Mongolian Academy of Sciences is co-implementing the Science for Peace and Security Programme.
In the frameworks of the Programme, three projects are being carried out, namely, "Security in Information Communications Technology", "Establishing a Geo-Database for the Restoration of Former Military Sites" and "Perception of NATO in Asia and the Pacific".
Under the Programme, representatives of the NATO are paying a working visit to Mongolia to get acquainted with the projects implementations on November 25-29, 2014.
On November 27, Mongolian Academy of Sciences (MAS) staff hosted an open day for public to introduce the Science for Peace and Security Programme, which took place at the Corporate Hotel in UB with participation of visiting guests, NATO member countries Ambassadors to Mongolia, as well as representatives from Mongolian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Environment and Green Development, Institutes affiliated the MAS and other personnel including the press.
In the spirit of mutual benefit and reciprocity, NATO’s partnership with Mongolia aims to promote common understanding through consultation and cooperation. It is based on a shared commitment to peace, democracy, human rights, rule of law and international security.
NATO officials visiting here Montsame, November 28

D.Battulga Meets Chairman of People’s Khural of Russian Buryatia
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) Head of the Citizens’ Representative Khural of Ulaanbaatar city D.Battulga Friday received a visiting delegation headed by Mr M.M.Gershevich, the Chairman of the People’s Khural of the Russian Buryatia Republic.
Mr Battulga thanked the delegation for visiting Mongolia and spoke about structure and functions of the City’s Council. He proposed organizing a forum in Ulaanbaatar for tourism companies of Mongolia and Russian Buryatia.
In turn, Mr Gershevich emphasized that a meeting of the Presidents of Mongolia and Russia boosted the commercial ties and cooperation and said Buryatia wants to re-open direct flights between Ulaanbaatar and Ulan-Ude and to develop the railway collaboration. Moreover, he said Buryatia is ready to cooperate with us in developing the auto road logistics, processing natural gas and in supplying meat to a processing factory of Ulan-Ude. 

MPP postpones its conference
November 28 ( The Mongolian People's Party's conference was scheduled to be held today but was postponed. The PM delivered requests to parties in parliament to form a coalition government but the MPP has not responded to his request yet. The opposition would have discussed this issue during today's conference.
Secretary General of the MPP J.Munkhbat stated that the reason for postponing the conference was the fact that negotiations between the MPP caucus and DP caucus had failed.
J.Munkhbat also commented, “The negotiations were not about the number of posts in the new cabinet. The two parties caucuses negotiated on how to end the economic downturn, and how to seek better solutions on the massive Oyu Tolgoi and Tavan Tolgoi projects and agreements with investors. The MPP wants to solve these issues.”
The PM must submit the names of the ministers of his new government to Parliament within 14 days of taking his post.  Now, the PM is waiting for the MPP's answer to whether or not they will collaborate with the government.
The MPP announced earlier that it would not work with the PM in the new government. But the party has recently stopped commenting on the issue.
The PM is expected to submit the structure of his cabinet before December 5th.

“Discover Mongolia” Business Meeting Takes Place in Jakarta
November 28 ( The Embassy of Mongolia in Jakarta, the Republic of Indonesia in association with the Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) has organized the “Discover Mongolia” Business Meeting with purposes to scale tourism and stimulate local economic opportunity themed "Mongolia - Nomadic by Nature" on November 27, 2014.
The Business Meeting brought leading Indonesian companies majored in tourism and hotel sectors, where Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia to Indonesia Mrs. Shagdar BATTSETSEG and PATA President for Indonesia Chapter Mr. Setyono Djuandi Darmono have opened the event delivering remarks on current Mongolia’s tourism sector, investment environment and other opportunities.
At the “Discover Mongolia” event about 100 representatives from Indonesian entities, companies and representatives of other sectors were present and following the meeting they were interested in cooperation with Mongolia’s tourism sector, in particular, launching winter tourism and requested to organize a series of such events.
Mongolia propagandized in IndonesiaMontsame, November 28

Foreign Ministries hold first consultative meeting
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Economic Cooperation of Mongolia and the Ministry of External Affairs of India ran a consultative meeting on November 27 in New Delhi, India.
The first meeting of the Ministries was chaired by the Head of the Department for Asia and the Pacific of the Mongolian Ministry Ch.Bayarmonkh and by a director of the Department for East Asia of the Indian Ministry Pradeep Kumar Rawat.
The sides exchanged information about the political and economic states of their countries and foreign policy priorities. They also touched upon ways of intensifying a comprehensive partnership between Mongolia and India, particularly the relations in defense, trade, economy, education, culture, agriculture and renewable energy.
The sides emphasized an importance of increasing a number of high level interactions, and agreed to organize high level visits in frames of the 25th anniversary of democratic transitions of Mongolia and the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between. The democratic India has always been rooting for Mongolia’s democracy, and will continue to act so, noted the Indian side.

Stock Exchange news for November 28
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) At the Stock Exchange trades on Friday, a total of 36 thousand and 629 units of 21 JSCs were traded costing MNT 35 million 220 thousand and 829.00.
"Khokh gan” /16 thousand and 840 units/, “Genco tour bureau” /10 thousand and 044 units/, “APU” /5,168 units/, “Hai Bi Oil” /2,250 units/ and "State Department Store” /596 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value were "APU” (MNT 18 million 966 million and 450), "Gobi” (MNT three million 428 thousand and 700), “Atar-orgoo” (MNT one million and 904 thousand), “Khokh gan” (MNT one million 852 thousand and 400) and "Bayangol hotel” (MNT one million and 682 thousand).
The total market capitalization was set at MNT one trillion 466 billion 111 million 909 thousand and 231. The Index of Top-20 JSCs was 14,919.19, decreasing 7.34 units or 0.05% against the previous day.

Stock exchange weekly
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) Five stock trades were held at Mongolia's Stock Exchange November 24-28 of 2014. In overall, two million 132 thousand and 095 shares were sold of 42 joint-stock companies totalling MNT four billion 592 million 712 thousand and 209.80.
"State Department Store” /one million and 840 thousand units/, "Mon-it buligaar” /178 thousand units/, "Khokh gan” /34 thousand and 440 units/, "Hai Bi Oil” /15 thousand and 250 units/ and "Genco tour bureau” /12 thousand and 452 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value--"Mon-it buligaar” (MNT one billion 273 million and 400 thousand), "State Department Store” (MNT 934 million and 720 thousand), "Material impex” /MNT 26 million and 898 thousand/, "APU” /MNT 20 million 459 thousand and 300/ and "Hai Bi Oil” (MNT seven million 987 thousand and 500).

Mongolian judokas bring home four medals from Grand Prix Jeju 2014
November 30 (UB Post) Mongolia stood at sixth in the medal tally on the last day of the International Judo Federation (IJF) Grand Prix Jeju 2014 on Saturday, out of 42 participating countries. Mongolia won one silver, and three bronze medals.
Mongolian judo teams comprised of 13 male and five female judokas.
Mongolian judoka, Asian Games 2014 gold medalist and Olympic Champion N.Tuvshinbayar finished the tournament with a silver medal in the men’s 100 kg on Saturday.
N.Tuvshinbayar lost to South Korea’s Cho Guham in the final. His opponent in the semifinal was Peters Dimitri from Germany, while he fought against Reyes Kyle from Canada and Romanyuk Oleksandr from Ukraine in the preliminary rounds.
Mongolian bronze medalists from the Grand Prix include D.Amartuvshin, G.Kherlen and N.Dagvasuren.
D.Amartuvshin fought against Azerbaijani judoka Safarov Orkhan in the match for bronze in the men’s 60 kg. His opponents in the preliminaries were Kulikov Dmitriy from Russia, Kawano Ryoya from Japan and Ko Ja-Ram from South Korea.
G.Kherlen also seized a bronze medal after beating Mckenzie Ashley from Great Britain, while he was defeated by Kawano Ryora from Japan in the semifinal. In preliminary rounds, he won against Kulikov Dmitriy from Russia and Sigauqie Neuso from Mozambique in the men’s 60 kg division.
N.Dagvasuren fought in the men’s 81 kg and secured the third bronze medal for Mongolia at the event.
N.Dagvasuren’s last opponent, in the match for bronze, was Hungarian judoka Ungvari Attila. He beat Lucenti Emmanuel from Argentina and Rasullu Abdulhagg from Azerbaijan in the preliminaries and lost one preliminary match to Kim Jae-Bum from South Korea.
G.Odbayar fought in the men’s 73 kg and placed fifth, after losing the match for bronze to Orujov Rustam from Azerbaijan.
B.Temuulen lost the match for bronze to Simionescu Vladut from Romania and settled for fifth place in the men’s above 100 kg.
A.Tsolmon fought in the women’s 52 kg and competed for a bronze medal against Gomez Laura from Spain, which ended with a defeat for A.Tsolmon, putting her in fifth place.
B.Mungunchimeg placed seventh in the women’s 63 kg and B.Batgerel also listed seventh in the men’s 66 kg.
South Korea topped the medal tally with six gold, three silver, five bronze medals, followed by France and Japan.
France won six gold, one silver and one bronze medals. Japan ranked third with one gold and two silver medals.
The next major tournament for judo, The Grand Slam, will be held in Tokyo from December 5 to 7.
Judokas grab medals at Jeju Grand PrixMontsame, November 28

Chess Master Enkhtuul competes with men in Surinam
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) A Mongolian woman Grand Master of chess A.Enkhtuul competed in men category at the Second Srefidensi Chess Celebration held November 20-25 in Surinam. She was ranked at fifth place in the overall tournament.
The tournament was participated by players from Surinam, Venezuela, Netherlands, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Cuba, and Israel. Mongolia competed in four classifications.
Our Grand master A.Enkhtuul was the only woman player among the 16 competed in the “Master Class” (aka men’s classification). After having nine matches in accordance with Swiss sets, Dutch Grand Master Sipke Ernst topped the class with 7.0 points, followed by Alon Greenfeld from Israel with same points and Jorden Van Foreest—with 6.5. A.Enkhtuul satisfied fifth place, having scored 5.5 points.
She had four wins, three draws and two defeats, having had a draw with the Dutch champion Ernst and a win against the third-place winner Van Foreest. Grand Master A.Enkhtuul declared a quite success over her first tournament after being awarded a title “Grand Master”, having forwarded her international rating by 16 places.

Draughts players partake in “US Open 2014”
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, November 28 (MONTSAME) International Grand Master of Chess G.Ganjargal and FMJD Master N.Monkhtuya are competing in an international open tournament of 10x10 draughts -- “US Open 2014”.
The tournament attracted 22 players from seven countries. After the seven matches played, the 2012 Asian Champion and six-times Mongolian champion G.Ganjargal is ranking at third place with nine points (two wins, five draws), the silver medalist of World Youth Championship 2000 and seven-times Mongolian Champion N.Monkhtuya is 10th with seven point (three wins, one draw and three defeats). The two Mongolians have been matched to play their next matches with Surinamese players Rudy and Eddy Azimulla.
The open tournament will complete on November 30.

Mongolian surgeons meet
November 28 ( The 10th Forum of Mongolian Surgeons began in Ulaanbaatar today on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of founding the microsurgery in Mongolia.
This year's forum was international, as foreign researchers and medical specialists arrived to give presentations and attend the forum debates.
The 10th Forum of Mongolian Surgeons began with a ceremony, where Ministry of Health N.Udval, academic and President of the Mongolian Surgeon's Association N.Baasanjav, and other medical specialists and surgeons were present.

Mongolian Military Museum improves disabled access to its collection
November 28 ( In honor of International Day of Persons with Disabilities, marked on December 3rd, the Mongolian Military Museum has made its exhibit placards available in Mongolian, English and Russian Braille script. The museum has also made exhibit information available in audio recordings.
The Mongolian Military Museum successfully launched art, museum training, and history projects for children at Schools No. 29 and 116, schools for children with vision and hearing impairments. 
Mongolia is marking the International Day of Persons with Disabilities under the theme “Protecting the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”.

Website launches to prevent child-related cybercrime
November 28 ( The Communications Regulatory Commission of Mongolia launched the website to provide parents, children, teenagers and educators with information about cyber security, online gaming, and proper use of the internet.
As a member organization of the Telecommunications Development Sector, the Communications Regulatory Commission of Mongolia supports the global directive on protecting children online, as adopted by other member countries.
Practical information, data, and statistics offered at is expected to be helpful to parents, children and educators to learn about child-related cybercrime and its prevention.
The website will also be open to feedback and comments from parents and educators, and hear complaints about the protection of children from cybercrimes.

Ch.Saikhanbileg appoints new chairmen in law enforcement
By Ch. Khaliunaa
November 29 (UB Post) On Wednesday, the Cabinet held its regular meeting, during which Prime Minister Ch.Saikhanbileg replaced and appointed new heads of some law enforcement organizations.
Chairman of the General Authority for Implementing Court Decisions S.Buyandalai has been dismissed, and B.Bilegt was appointed the new chairman.
Chairman of the Central Intelligence Agency B.Ariusan was dismissed and replaced by B.Khurts, and Chairman of the Central Police Department S.Baatarjav was dismissed, with R.Chingis becoming the new chairman.
T.Batmagnai was dismissed from the position of chairman of the General Department of Taxation, and B.Ariusan was appointed as his replacement.
The appointments of the new Prime Minister raised some controversy.
Appointing B.Khurts as chairman of the CIA, when he wasn’t dismissed by the Parliament from his position with the Independent Authority Against Corruption raised problems for the new Prime Minister.
Critics say that appointing the former Vice Chairman of the Authority Against Corruption (ACC) as the new chairman of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) violates the Constitution of Mongolia. According to law, the appointment or dismissal of a chairman or vice chairman of the ACC should be submitted to Parliament for discussion and approval.
There are media reports that the issue will be reviewed by the Constitutional Court.
Speaker Z.Enkhbold decided to hold a meeting of the Standing Committee on Justice to discuss the dismissal of B.Khurts from the position of vice chairman of the AAC, and submit the results of the committee’s discussion to Parliament.
On Thursday, Advisor to the Prime Minister Ts.Munkhtur made a statement to journalists, saying that appointing B.Khurts as chairman of the CIA did not violate the constitution.
“According to the law, the issue of appointing and dismissing a chairman or vice-chairman of the AAC should be submitted and discussed by Parliament, but we spoke with the vice chairman of the AAC on his appointment as chairman of the CIA. If the person requests a dismissal, it doesn’t violate the law. The Prime Minister has the right to make appointments without waiting for the structure of the new government. State work has to continue,” said Ts.Munkhtur.

DP and MPP working groups hold a consultation
By Ch. Khaliun
November 29 (UB Post) The working groups of the Democratic Party (DP) and the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) held their first consultation regarding Prime Minister Ch.Saikhanbileg’s request to form a coalition government, on Wednesday at the State Palace.
The sides believe that the major political forces in Parliament should cooperate to overcome the economic and political crisis. They agreed that the sides should place a high priority on state interests rather than on political interests.
However, some members of the MPP said that if Ch.Saikhanbileg had sent a request to only the MPP to form a coalition government they could have considered it and held a lower chamber meeting. But the new Prime Minister sent the request for cooperation to all parties and coalitions with seats the Parliament and the MPP believe that there is a risk of discrimination if they join the new government.

Earthquake Early Warning System Project launches
By M. Zoljargal
November 29 (UB Post) Earthquake Early Warning System project launched at the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) on Tuesday as part of the second stage to complete the set up of the system in Mongolia.
The NEMA has recently established the Emergency Communications Center with 20 officials, which will be financed by the government.
The first stage of the project launched in 2011 when the government issued Decree No.195 to introduce the system to improve preparedness of the city in case of natural disasters, following mass casualties and destruction of properties caused by an earthquake in Japan.
A total of 48 three-meter and 12 eight-meter siren towers have been set up throughout nine districts of Ulaanbaatar so far.
Three television stations including Mongolian National Broadcaster (MNB), UBS and Mongol HD, as well as nine radio stations such as FM 102.5, Auto Radio 96.3, Family Radio 104.5, Lavain Egshig 97.5, Mongolian National Radio 106, Shine Dolgion Radio 107.5, Best Radio 98.5, Khamag Mongol Radio 95.1 and Tengerleg Radio 103.6 have installed an emergency broadcast system.
The broadcast system is linked to 6,986 meter long LAN-network of the Research Center for Astronomy and Geophysics of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, National Agency for Meteorology, Hydrology and Environmental Monitoring, and Orbitnet LLC’s Data Center.
Alarm transmitters were set up at MNB’s main building, Chinggeltei Mountain, Melz Mountain in Baganuur District, and Tamgiin Undur Mountain in Nalaikh District.
A mobile emergency communications center was installed at a five-ton capacity truck in order to keep the emergency alarms activated in case of faults at the center in the NEMA building.
Earthquake sensors have been set up at 12 earthquake-prone locations in Bulgan, Dundgovi, Tuv and Selenge Provinces.

Mongolia to import poultry products from China
By B. Mendbayar
November 29 (UB Post) A Chinese food firm based in Shandong Province, China, has acquired official permission from the Mongolian government to export poultry products to the country, according to Xinhua News Agency of China.
Upon obtaining permission, Fengxiang Co., Ltd has become the first Chinese food company to export poultry products to Mongolia, remarked the Shandong Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau.
The bureau underlined that Mongolian authorities inspected export-oriented poultry firms in Shandong Province in October and were satisfied with the quality and safety controls for the poultry products.
Fengxiang is one of China’s leading chicken processing companies and delivers its products to KFC and McDonald’s. The company has an annual capacity to process 200 million chickens and 60,000 tons of cooked poultry products.

N.Tsogtsaikhan: I am the first Asian stuntman in Hungary
November 29 (UB Post) We have reached N.Tsogtsaikhan, who lives in Hungary, through Facebook to talk about his career as a stuntman in Hungary.
N.Tsogtsaikhan was filmed in blockbuster movies such as “Hell Boy”, “Monte Carlo”, “Dracula”, “47 Ronin”, “Iris” and “Eragon”, alongside Hollywood big names such as Bruce Willis, Jai Courtney and Cole Hauser.
Can you please tell us about yourself?
My name is Narantsogt Tsogtsaikhan. I have been living in Budapest for ten years and I have been working as a stuntman since 2007. I am a senior student at an academy that trains stuntman in Hungary. Graduating from the academy is not enough for me because even people who have been in the movie business for 40 years can make mistakes. An academy provides the fundamental knowledge. An undergraduate stuntman plays in many different scenarios such as fight scenes or riding motorcycles. Therefore we have to qualify in specific fields of acting after graduating.
What was the first movie you played in?
In 2007, I played in a comedy as a bodyguard of a Chinese mafia. I wasn’t a title role. I was kind of an extra. It means that I had a fight scene behind the main character. Asian actors are very rare in Hungary and they are mostly invited from Asia.
Tell us about the movies you have taken part in?
I had a role in “Hell Boy”, “Monte Carlo”, “Eragon”, “Dracula” of England, “Iris” of South Korea and a movie with four parts. I also took part in movies that will be released in 2015 and 2016, “Spy”, “Fallen” and “American Girl”. I played a samurai in “47 Ronin”, and played a North Korean soldier in an English television series called “Strike Back”.
Do Asian actors mostly play opposing roles in European movies?
Yes, we do. I mostly play a Korean, Japanese, Chinese and Kazak’s roles. There haven’t been any Mongolian movies made yet here. At the moment I don’t have any enemies here so I have a great chance.
Have you had a role with a dialogue?
I played a member of a Russian mafia in “A Good Day to Die Hard”. I could have said to my boss character something like, “Someone might be helping them”, but I missed that chance. In a television series about Hungarian policemen I played an Asian drug dealer. There is a part in the movie where I am arguing with the policeman.
I am going to play a Chinese cosmonaut in a new movie directed by Ridil Scott that will be released soon. I hope that there is a dialogue for me in the movie.
Could you please tell us about your experience working with celebrities?
Many of the Hollywood stars are very ordinary people. I was with the legendary Bruce Willis in “A Good Day to Die Hard”. It took a lot of days to shoot the scene where I was shot by Bruce Willis. During the shooting, I asked Bruce Willis for his autograph, but he didn’t respond to me. A few days later, his bodyguard asked my phone number and told me that Bruce Willis wanted to meet me. I was very happy. I have been learning a lot from celebrity actors.
What is your future goal?
I used to dream about becoming an actor since I was a kid. As I am interested in sports, I became interested in becoming a stuntman. Jackie Chan was a stuntman when he started his career. I think that the finish line is more important that the start in life. As I am not a professional I don’t have many roles. For example, it is really hard to make someone smile. I love to play in action movies.
When we were shooting “A Good Day to Die Hard”, I was very nervous. Director John Mur told me, “Hey Choogoo don’t act but feel your role. Just think of it as your daily activity and turn into a bad guy. Now go to the restroom and find the bad guy in you.” Actually, what he said was really helpful. Sometimes in Hollywood, actors set into their role too deeply that they can’t go back to their real selves. So self control is very important.
You said that a good stuntman has to be qualified in a specific field of acting. What will you choose?
At the moment I am playing in action movies. In the future, I would like to qualify for motorbike and car stunts.
Could you please tell us about your instructors?
My mentors are amazing. The head of my school, Guyash Kish Zultan, has been working as a stuntman for over 40 years. He was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records because he did dangerous stunts.
What do you study in class?
I am learning wrestling, fighting, fencing, jumping, riding motorbikes, drifting cars and many other activities. But the lessons are conducted not as a professional sports technique but how to make it look good for the camera. So if I use the technique that I learned in class, I would be beaten in real life.
Sometimes what we do is risky, for example jumping scenes from rooftops. We have to flip in the air while we are jumping and we repeat that a lot of times at the shooting.
What is the best thing about being a stuntman and what is the most challenging thing?
I think that all jobs aren’t easy. To be a stuntman instills patience in a person. Recently I was a double for a Japanese actor in a scene where I was shot and fell into water. It wasn’t easy to repeat all those actions many times. But at the end, when the movies are ready, it feels good to watch and analyze myself.
When you are planning to come back to Mongolia?
I visit Mongolia every summer to spend my vacation. Since I have been living in Hungary for many years, I am much more adapt here. But after graduation, when the time comes, I will go be back to Mongolia. Someday I wish to direct reality shows and movies in Mongolia.
Source: Unuudur

N.Natsagnyam: Intellectual virus is hindering development
November 29 (UB Post) Many countries were able to develop by advancing their science sector. Where exactly is Mongolia at in this global advancement?
Globally, Mongolia is ranked considerably high with its total number of doctors, professors and academics but are we able to completely utilize the intellectual capacity of its researchers and scientists? Why are neither scientific organizations nor the nation flourishing? Are scientists and researchers of the Mongolian Academy of Science (MAS) supported? Like so, there are many questionable matters in Mongolia’s science sector.
Below is an interview with State prize winning engineer N.Natsagnyam about this intriguing topic.
First of all, what do you think about the MAS?
An academy is an institute that the socialist society has, not in capitalist society. Russia closed down its academy and turned it into an NGO. I would say that Mongolia’s MAS is distortion of socialism and a waste of both time and money.
You seem to be rather skeptical towards the MAS?
I accept the MAS in two different ways. Firstly, sectors such as philosophy, sociology and its institutes are social needs, and they have to be national institutes as it’s impossible to finance itself. This is an advantage of socialism. On the other hand, if engineering and technology sector and its institutes become private, it will develop in a more original form.
The food industry expanded well during socialism. Now it should be privatized. If it’s granted to the chief engineer free of charge with Minister Damdin’s agreement, the industry could be successfully privatized similar to how England and Germany did it. Minister Damdin’s agreement has the exact same principles. Germany was able to achieve prosperity two times better than England in 1990 by successfully privatizing material and technical bases of socialism. Through the Exchange Rate Mechanism, Germany completely absorbed England’s foreign exchange reserves. Eastern Europe and Mongolia were deceived by America’s false theory of free competition of doctors and professors and became insolvent.
Technological developments in the world aren’t created by professors but by people without diplomas like Steve Jobs. The UK’s General Electric Company (GEC), where I used to work, established most of the world’s nuclear power plants. The inventor of GEC’s analog stimulation automata is a graduate of the mathematics class at Coventry College who previously quit school at the age of 16. He didn’t attend any other school because he didn’t want to learn from liars. We can learn that doctors and professors don’t create affluences from world examples.
Theory and practice are actually one thing. Western professors and doctors are mostly people who misinterpret theories because they only talk about theories without practice. That’s why they haven’t created affluences.
Is it true the MAS isn’t keen on hiring scientists that graduated abroad? How do countries around the world support young scientists?
In capitalist society, knowledge is a property of private companies so it’s confidential from universities. Mongolia could import intellectual capital by employing graduates from western universities as engineers. However, engineers who’ve returned after studying abroad usually refuse to be employed by the MAS because they would lose all of their intellectual property if they are fired after two years. State-owned companies can’t accumulate knowledge like this.
It’s possible for private companies to protect and develop intellectual property. Unfortunately, Mongolia doesn’t have a single private institute. Companies that have introduced their intellectual capital into practice are internationally acknowledged as an institute. Yet, places that smuggle and import technologies claim themselves as institutes. This is improper.
Mongolians often strike towards the system when something is said to be wrong. You seem to imply the same. How should the system be changed?
The Mongolian Ministry of Education has been functioning through communist system for the last 25 years. The ministry gives away its entire budget to doctors and professors in the hope that they would give something in return. The state financed over a thousand projects and got around 300 patents. Yet the outcome is zero. This is distortion of Mongolia’s system and our mentality.
Mongolia is becoming insolvent because the state is doing work which should be done by private institutes of a healthy society, with communist system. If socialism hadn’t hit Mongolia but went around it, we would be thinking with healthier minds now. At the moment, we’re thinking with distorted views of Karl Marx, the most zealous intellectual advocate of communism. Especially, in the last 18 years.
Mongolia’s current government finances technological projects and revokes patents. This is communist aggression, the same as forcefully taking away a baby from a mother who carried it in her womb for nine months. This is why advanced technology projects aren’t being carried out.
When will Mongolia break away from communist aggression? This will be directly influenced by our factions. This issue will be concluded if factions of the new government provide opportunities to work freely. Former Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag once said he could never trust academics again and cooperated with them and he started working with productive engineers. It was a good resolution but it wasn’t completed because he was caught up with pressure from factions.
In fact, Mongolia will flourish without any hindrance if we eliminate factions from the state system. Not only Mongolia but every country with democratic governance is under oppression of factions. This is blasting us into collapse and insolvency. For instance, the UK’s Prime Minister attempted to vie for the title of Lord, and Taiwan and Turkey administrated into one-man governance. Quite a few other countries are also being forced into this path.
Taiwanese students fly from the U.S.A. to participate in elections. They vote for establishing a new government instead of populism. Mongolia’s system that supports populism by voting for two big parties is too outdated. An international development requirement for Mongolia is to add opportunities for voting for a new Constitutional Law in the Election Law Mongolia.
We have to understand that only private companies are able to create wealth in today’s society. The government doesn’t need to engage in this. The government should only give proposals. Operations of institutes will become illegal trades and smuggles if the government intervene.
How will private companies that create wealth be chosen?
National industries will gradually develop if companies that have successfully put their advanced technology product into practice for twenty months are selected and financed. The company where I worked, GES, invented and supplied all of UK’s tanks, airplanes, trains and energy sector as the sole producer.
China is financing private institutes as if they’re state-owned company. This is a deja vu of England 60 years ago. Mongolia slipped because it tried to imitate current practices of England. When the foundation isn’t laid, how are we going to build a house? When results of initial work haven’t come out, we shouldn’t rush into the next work.
According to international standard, government provides some funds to private IT companies and receives several billions of USD in return. The government never robs off patents from companies. According to international standard, advanced digital devices are produced within one to three years. However, in Mongolia, digital devices are demanded to be completed in three months to make sure it stays within the year’s budget. Despite the good will, the method is wrong.
As you’ve said, the government is too involved. How can we stop government intervention?
Mongolia needs to go back to how it was a hundred years ago. We had a wrong way of thinking for 70 years and in the last 24 years, Mongolia developed this format even further, turning it into a money laundering device. If Mongolia hadn’t gone through socialism, we would be thinking the same as developed countries. On top of that, we wouldn’t have been affected by intellectual viruses – the lie about free competition. We would actually be deceiving other small and poor countries with ideas about free competition and be snatching markets by turning those countries into our consumers.
Yet, Mongolia is spending a billion MNT for importing something that can be produced with a million MNT. This work only requires intellectual property valuation. I produced Nanyam device, which can replace imports worth 800 million MNT, with material cost of a million MNT. Material cost can almost be considered as zero for digital devices [as it gives more benefits later].
After seeing that the three dominant companies of the UK are still the sole producers after nine years, I found out how stupid I was for believing in free competition. Because of two types of intellectual viruses, Mongolia’s legal environment is blocking Mongolia’s technological advancement. Highly developed companies in the world started off with very simple work procedures. For example, firstly, choose a private company that’s successfully trialed their product for twenty months and finance their operations for three months. Later,  they protect their intellectual property by providing 30 years of monopoly subscriptions.
Engineers who’ve worked at a company and learned their technology secret will be forbidden from doing the same business for 30 years. After 30 years, companies protect their market with brand names. Intellectual property is protected in this fashion throughout the whole world. Mongolia should now get rid of its old communist device that’s been carried out for 24 years.
Source: Zuunii Medee

Mongolian artists partake in exhibition in New York
By B. Tungalag
November 29 (UB Post) State Honored Artist Do.Bold, Cultural Merit Worker Ya.Oyunchimeg and B.Sarnai participated in Asian Art: Contemporary Viewsexhibition at QCC Art Gallery in New York, U.S.A. The exhibition started on October 16 and will continue until February 22, 2015.
State Honored Artist Do.Bold is featuring his work “Composition”, Ya.Oyunchimeg is displaying her illustrations of nature, and B.Sarnai has showcased her artwork about Mongolian shamans.
Asian Art: Contemporary Views presents a multimedia exhibition that features 21 contemporary artists from India, Pakistan, Mongolia, Tibet, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea and China. This timely exhibition showcases the expansion of Asian art on a global world stage, and the world’s increasing fascination and interest in Asian art and culture.

Mongolians in South Korea organize chess competition
By B. Baatar
November 29 (UB Post) On the occasion of the 852nd birthday of Chinggis Khaan and National Pride Day, the Embassy of Mongolia to South Korea and Sky+ Chess Crew (established by Mongolians in Japan) organized a chess competition in South Korea, on November 23.
Chess players from ages 10 to 50 competed in the competition.
Player D.Barsaa won first place, followed by L.Bataa and J.Purevdorj. A certificate from the Embassy of Mongolia and cash prizes were awarded to the winners.
Ambassador B.Ganbold opened the competition and said, “Young Mongolian chess players prove that Mongolians have limitless intellectual resources by winning international competitions. The Embassy of Mongolia and Sky+ Chess Crew are aiming to develop the skills of Mongolian chess players and promote the game of chess.”

‘The Blue Mountains of Khuvsgul’
By B. Narantuya
November 29 (UB Post) Artist B.Natsagdorj is presenting artwork from his new book of paintings, “The Blue Mountains of Khuvsgul” through November 30 at Blue Moon Art Gallery. The exhibition shares all of the paintings selected for his new book.
The book is about the great taiga of Khuvsgul and the lifestyle of the reindeer people, including beautiful paintings and photographs. There has never been a book on the subject written in Mongolian before. Minister of Culture, Sports and Toursim Ts.Oyungerel encouraged and helped with the book’s publication, making it available for a wide audience to learn about Khuvsgul.
Most visitors from abroad imagine Mongolia’s Gobi region and its camels, but Mongolia has a wide range of beautiful landscapes. In the northern part of Khuvsgul is a beautiful mountainous region.
A visitor from Switzerland once said, “My country compared to this land is nothing,” after traveling around Khuvsgul Province.
The author of the book lived in the northern part of Khuvsgul for five years. While living there, he met many reindeer herders and native people. He studied their lifestyle and traditions and discovered beautiful places there. Collecting all his notes, research, and transcripts of his talks with natives, and including what he learned, saw and discovered, he wrote the book.
The book includes 345 paintings and photographs. Some images are in black and white and some of them are in color, which provides varied perspectives on the beauty of the region.
Mongolians are lucky people with a beautiful country.

Trouble with distance in times of turmoil
By Michelle Borok
November 29 (UB Post) While many families in Mongolia made plans for putting Thanksgiving dinners on tables more than 6,000 miles away from Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts (where Thanksgiving’s first pilgrims touched down), they also received news of the tumultuous outcome of this fall’s deeply divisive lethal shooting of Michael Brown by Missouri police officer Darren Wilson.
America’s response to the August 9th shooting made international headlines, and Tuesday’s news of protests following the grand jury verdict not to indict Officer Wilson for the death of Brown did the same.
This summer, as news of the shooting and the public outrage on all sides – for the killing of the unarmed teenager, and for the vilification of the uniformed police officer on duty – spread around the globe, some of the biggest detractors of the U.S. pointed fingers at what was happening in the small Midwestern town of Ferguson.
China, Iran, Cuba, Egypt and North Korea were some of the most vocal critics of how American law enforcement responded to protests that took place after the shooting. In an August press conference, U.S. State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said, “We here in the United States will put our record for confronting our problems transparently and honestly and openly up against any other countries in the world… When we have problems and issues in this country, we deal with them openly and honestly. We think that’s important, and I would encourage the countries you named particularly to do the same thing.”
The criticism flared again this week, as international headlines read “Protests spread across the U.S.” Protesters in London even gathered around the U.S. Embassy.
Those of us who read the headlines from abroad could do little but absorb the information.
For me, knowing that as some of us were basting our hard-to-find turkeys with care, business owners and peaceful protesters were standing vigilant watch over their communities, protecting them from opportunistic looters and sweeping up the broken glass and garbage accumulated over two days of civil unrest, put the holiday in perspective.
On Tuesday morning, I first watched live coverage of the sidewalk outside the grand jury proceedings on Australia’s ABC, available from my cable provider in Darkhan. I switched back and forth between all the other foreign channels with English news broadcasts and soaked in the tension of the grand jury verdict the world was waiting to hear. Having easy access to international perspectives is one of the perks of being an American citizen living abroad, but we are left with only being able to consume information from a distance.
My day was spent reading stories, scanning memes, engaging in fruitless online debate, and trying to sit comfortably with a feeling of helplessness. As far as I was from Ferguson, Missouri, the same feelings were echoed by people just a few states away. On all sides of the conflict- to different degrees and with different agendas- people wanted to know where they could go to “do something” about what was happening across the country.
Many of us share our social media universe with friends and family who stand on opposite sides of a debate, and we navigate those differences in our own ways. With so much physical distance between many of my friends and family, I navigate with caution, trying never to take the fragile hold on those connections for granted.
Now, living abroad, I’ve also learned not to take my freedoms and privileges as a U.S. citizen for granted. But in times like this, I wonder how useful those freedoms can be.
As a guest in Mongolia, I don’t have the right to vote, and my participation in protest is strongly discouraged by the governments of Mongolia and the U.S. Most of the foreign embassies in Mongolia have systems in place to warn citizens of their countries about civil unrest or potentially dangerous places to avoid to help protect the people in their care. Multinational corporations have policies in place to extract their people when situations become threatening (provided the local government hasn’t issued travel bans keeping foreign nationals from leaving). The situation in Ferguson didn’t pose a danger to Americans abroad, but when we hear of turmoil in our home countries, we are on our own with ways to cope.
On this Thanksgiving holiday, although it wasn’t celebrated with a turkey and pumpkin pie, I still found myself observing the tradition of giving thanks for what I have.
I am thankful that I live in Mongolia, where gun violence (on the part of the public and the police) is not prevalent. I’m thankful that technology keeps me connected to what’s happening in the world. I’m thankful that I have a community of expat friends who understand what it’s like to be far from “home” in moments like these. I’m thankful for my passionate and dedicated activist friends who let me live vicariously through their on-the-ground involvement in community responses to the Ferguson decision this week. But most of all, this Thanksgiving I’m thankful for the safety, health and security of the people I love – here and abroad.

Mongolia’s shortage of leaders
By B. Dulguun
November 29 (UB Post) Mongolia has been functioning as a democracy, which is said to be the most correct form of governance, for the last 25 years. Candidates for leadership positions are elected by the public, in consideration of their skills, social influence, status, and reputation. Yet, Mongolia’s development and politics are failing because of a lack of leaders capable of making good decisions.
The nominations of R.Amarjargal, Ch.Saikhanbileg and D.Ganbat for the next Prime Minister raised a commotion, but this controversy was raised long before these candidates were selected. In the last presidential election, when wrestling champion B.Bat-Erdene was nominated by the MPP, other parties were reluctant, as if asking, “Isn’t there anyone else?” When he lost, even his party members were content with some 40 percent of the votes, as if they knew they would lose. From one perspective, this is an acknowledgement that Mongolia is facing a shortage of leaders, and it was a futile choice aimed at playing with the minds of voters by nominating a non-traditional candidate for political office.
The newly appointed Prime Minister, Ch.Saikhanbileg, noted that Mongolia isn’t short on leaders but short on decision-making capacity, and announced that he would form a government consisting of capable members.
Even before this government has been created, Mongolia has accepted his announcement as a solution. It isn’t definite that long-delayed issues will be solved as soon as the new Prime Minister begins governing. The reason for this is because the devices he says he will employ to resolve political dead ends, including putting strategic mineral deposits into circulation, resolving investment issues and the economic crisis, and changing laws linked to delays, aren’t new ideas. So far, no one has expressed reasonable, strong, or unique positions on these topics of concern and national debate. No one has gained supporters by standing strong and being committed to their ideals. MP G.Uyanga is the only one who has been consistent with her initial position, particularly about necessary changes to the Constitution.
Ch.Saikhanbileg repeated generic ideas for overcoming Mongolia’s economic crisis with mutual understanding, resolution, and effort. Mongolia’s economy made up of only ten billion USD would easily be revived if projects based on the Oyu Tolgoi and Tavan Tolgoi deposits were mobilized. Political parties have said that they aren’t able to achieve results on these projects because the people making decisions lack mutual understanding. It may be better for Mongolians to not expect much from Ch.Saikhanbileg’s new government.
Demand for the position of MPP party leader was still high even after former Prime Minister and Chairman of the MPP S.Bayar resigned from his post for health reasons, and U.Khurelsukh rejected the appointment for valid reasons. The party faced difficulty in selecting their party chairman from potential candidates. It wasn’t the agony of having to choose from many good candidates, but from many bad candidates.
A leader’s individual characteristics do influence change and the development of a society for the better or the worse. Former President of the U.S.A. Ronald Reagan was an actor who helped redefine the purpose of government, pressured the Soviet Union to end the Cold War, and solidified the conservative agenda for decades after his presidency. A leader’s individual characteristics are important in impacting the public, being acknowledged, receiving support for policy and decisions, and reaching solutions. One theory about individual leadership traits states that all the best leaders possess common characteristics. According to the theory, the qualities that political leaders must have are: having a sharp mind, being consistent in their opinions, proper behavior and management, working hard to achieve their objectives, being likeable, being responsible, and possessing strong presentation skills. Even the tone of their voice is said to be important.
The professional research institute New Era Center organized a survey of the top ten politicians, for social, economic and political research, in the first quarter of this year. The best politician only received a 12.3 percent approval rating, while the politician with the least votes got 2.3 percent. This indicates that Mongolia has too many weak leaders. Only two politicians were able to receive more than ten percent approval, which is quite unfortunate for leaders who impact the public. Our leaders should receive at least close to fifty percent support in polls like this. Leaders with such weak support are making unclear decisions and turning solutions into dead-ends.
Some Mongolians who hang on to authority and privileges, while giving and taking bribes after somehow acquiring an official position, believe that they’re leaders. Others mistake themselves for leaders after participating in a political event, or being labeled celebrities. Leadership is based on principles of dominance and subordination as well as values, beliefs, ethics, character, knowledge and skill.
When and how will Mongolia find its true leaders? A crisis doesn’t necessarily bring out someone’s true leadership qualities. During the process of learning about democracy, many failures and challenges have arisen, including the current economic crisis, mineral exploitation, corruption, and an inadequate constitution and election procedures. Isn’t it now time to resolve these issues with the help from competent leaders?

Mongolia to form coalition government to ‘overcome’ economic crisis
By B. Khash-Erdene
November 30 (UB Post) The Democratic Party’s (DP) recently appointed Prime Minister Ch.Saikhanbileg will join hands with the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP), the opposition party in Parliament, to form a coalition government that promises to end the economic crisis without taking on more national debt.
At Saturday’s MPP meeting, over 200 members of the party voted to form a coalition government at the request of the Prime Minister, a decision backed by the Mongolian Employers’ United Association and Trade Union.
The party presented results of their poll taken among 2,500 residents in nine districts of Ulaanbaatar and 10 provinces at a press conference. According to the poll results, 52 percent of residents were in favor the coalition government. Those that were not in support of the coalition government were largely groups that “lived in rural areas and were less educated”, according to the MPP.
Some political observers are not convinced by the poll and the reasoning behind the MPP’s decision to join the coalition government.
After Ch.Saikhabileg’s appointment, independent MP S.Ganbaatar said that if a joint government was formed, there would not be any opposition party in Parliament and Mongolia would fall back to single party rule, which would undermine the country’s democracy.
At the MPP meeting, MP Ts.Nyamdorj presented an opposing view and said, “The Democratic Party leans on us when they grow tired and put us in jail when they expand and are energized.”
Shortly after Ch.Saikhanbileg was elected by his party to become Prime Minister, Z.Enkhbold, Speaker of Parliament and Head of DP said that there will not be any political party heads in the new cabinet as they would, “obstruct cabinet decisions due to party interests.”
But it looks like that will not be the case in the new coalition government led by Ch.Saikhanbileg.

PM meets entrepreneurs to introduce new cabinet’s priorities
By Ch. Khaliun
November 30 (UB Post) Prime Minister Ch.Saikhanbileg met with entrepreneurs to hear their opinions, in accordance with the new cabinet’s main goal to stabilize the national economy to overcome economic difficulties and support the private sector.
The PM emphasized that the new cabinet will implement pragmatic policy to support businesses. He assured that the cabinet’s work will be evaluated by the number of successfully realized projects, not by the number of regulations or rules it creates.
Ch.Saikhanbileg said that during the cabinet meeting, decisions on backing businesspeople were made and he made the ministries and National Council responsible for working together to implement programs to strengthen the economy.
The National Council aims to reflect the private sector’s proposals and opinions in state policy, which will be focused on stabilizing the macro economy, attracting external and domestic investments, improving the business environment, and activating large construction projects and foreign trade. The council will be open for businesspeople to select representatives for the council.
The Prime Minister highlighted that the government has submitted more than ten bills to Parliament on abolishing bureaucracy at the state level that restricts private sector growth, and added that the cabinet will make efforts to approve these documents. Effective reforms will be put in place for taxes and customs, he added.
The entrepreneurs said they appreciated that the PM invited all political parties to the new cabinet, and underlined that establishing an economic council of all parties and a faction-free cabinet was a correct measure.
Over 70 authorities from major companies attended the meeting organized by the Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MNCCI), the Unified Association of Employers and the CEO Club.

Private and public sector delegates confer to combat air pollution
By M. Zoljargal
November 30 (UB Post) The “Ways and Possibilities to Reduce Air Pollution in Ulaanbaatar” research conference took place on Thursday, featuring delegates from over 80 organizations and businesses.
The National Committee on Reducing Air Pollution, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, and Ministry of Environment and Green Development co-organized the event.
The conference enrolled a wide range of experts and officials to bring out the best possible ways to combat air pollution based on scientific research and trials.
Participants delivered speeches and discussed three major topics: “Improving the Effectiveness of Power Production Technology Which Doesn’t Add to Air Pollution”, “New Technologies – Advanced Approaches” and “Current Conditions and Projections of Air Pollution in Ulaanbaatar”.
Each speech given at the conference proposed different research-based approaches to reducing pollution to present to Minister of Environment and Green Development S.Oyun and Ulaanbaatar City Mayor E.Bat-Uul.
“Electric heaters are the most practical way to cut coal use and reduce air pollution, I believe. To do this, we have to increase the capacity of power distribution, which is fully possible if financing is sufficient. We should be working to use domestically produced power in Mongolia instead of planning to earn money by exporting it,” said L.Ganzorig, general engineer of the state-owned Ulaanbaatar Power Distribution Network.
Hasu Erchim LLC’s director and professor B.Bat-Erdene backed the engineer’s idea, stating, “Over 80 percent of Mongolia’s power distribution source is solid fuel, which is mostly coal. We can’t cut air pollution until we end the use of coal.”
He added, “I heard many effective and possible ways to address the problem, today at the conference. But they will be of no use if the state doesn’t back them. All those loans the government takes from different sources are not being dedicated to fruitful projects.”
“We find sulfur, nitrogen and carbon emissions in smoke from stoves. Stoves that burn coal on top of wood are suitable for use. Coal is laid on the bottom, covered by firewood, which is the opposite of the traditional way. Improved stoves that burn coal in this way completely burn the toxic gases from coal,” explained B.Ayushjav, chief of the Stove Experiment Laboratory at the Heating Technology and Ecology Institute of Mongolian National University of Science and Technology.
“Residents tend to burn coal in improved stoves inappropriately, so that emissions are not reduced while the coal is burning. Residents can easily identify whether they’re using the improved stoves correctly by looking at the smoke’s color. A properly heated stove’s smoke is light in color and density, while incorrect heating produces dark smoke and leaves soot on the ceilings and floors of homes,” he added.
Head of Shine Zuun-Erchim Khuch NGO, G.Sukhbaatar, has introduced an electrical heating device which can heat a 60 square meter space with two times less power consumption than the average heater.
“The heater uses 40 percent less power than ordinary heaters. Residents would spend 1,200,000 MNT just one time and save the money spent on purchasing coal throughout cold seasons,” he highlighted.
The majority of the participants agreed that coal must be eliminated from heating production use if Mongolia hopes to eradicate air pollution, by introducing alternative heating sources such as gas. But they also talked about short-term approaches to reducing pollution with improved stoves, briquettes and other projects, as transferring to other sources of heat will require more time and significant investments.
Source: Unuudur daily

Private sector calls for the public to purchase domestic goods
By B. Mendbayar
November 30 (UB Post) Representatives of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) held a press conference on November 27 to inform the public about the impact of the current economic downturn on SMEs, and to encourage citizens to support domestic manufacturers through the purchase of their products.
The press conference was attended mainly by representatives from food and footwear manufacturers. The representatives underlined that the main difficulty faced by manufacturers is the sharp decrease in sales resulting from the ongoing economic downturn, and appealed to all consumers – from the highest officials of government to regular citizens – to buy products made by domestic manufacturers rather than imported goods. They highlighted that the increased purchase of domestic goods by Mongolian consumers would result in higher quality products.
The attendees also emphasized that even though the government has pledged to support domestic manufacturers, government officials are not taking decisive measures, resulting in a lack of policy support.
The manufacturers touched upon one prevailing sentiment among consumers, that the prices of domestically manufactured goods substantially exceed those of import goods, asserting that domestic manufacturers do not set excessively high prices. An owner of a local footwear company commented, “I don’t think the prices of domestic goods exceed those of import goods. For instance, imported women’s knee-high boots are sold for between 800 to 900 USD under the guise of a brand name. However, citizens can buy knee-high boots as fashionable as those ‘brand’ ones for much lower prices.”
They asserted that a study of retail purchases conducted by manufacturers showed that though entities manufacture import substitution goods, the manufacturing of such goods are driving some companies to the verge of bankruptcy. According to the study, daily sales of SMEs have decreased by around 65 percent, and 60 to 70 percent of SMEs are experiencing declining sales.

Ts.Nyamdorj: I will not join a fat group of 73 MPs
November 30 (UB Post) The following is an interview with MP Ts.Nyamdorj, a member of the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP), about timely issues.
Rumors about MPP entering the government have become a hot topic. What’s your position on this?
I’m strongly against it. I’ve expressed my disapproval at the party and board meetings, as well as at the Privy Council.
Firstly, the government wouldn’t have any opposition force. Secondly, a fat group of 73 members, apart from the three independent candidates, would be formed, meaning Parliament will no longer have ethics. Uniting everyone and shutting them up under the name of a coalition shows hidden motives to make several perilous decisions.
For example, firstly to raise the debt ceiling. For two years, the government has been saying that taking loans is wrong and we should utilize domestic opportunities. Now, we’re still increasing the debt ceiling.
Secondly, Tavan Tolgoi Company was protected under management agreement and is about to get approved for privatization. Resolution No.268 was issued, something about addressing tenders about preparation work. Three companies were mentioned: MAK, Energy Resources LLC, and Tavan Tolgoi Joint Stock Company of D.Bat-Erdene. It seems that one of these three companies will be given Tavan Tolgoi Company. Works shouldn’t be so vulgar.
Thirdly, eliminating the opposition force will make the public’s choices pointless.
I’m opposed to MPP entering the government because many issues that involve conspiracy and should never be mixed with the principle of statehood are being discussed.
Fourth, MPP and the Democratic Party (DP) have co-ruled the government for many years. DP always backs off before elections and Mongolia switches back to the previous government. N.Altankhuyag stayed in the former government for two and a half years. Yet, six months after becoming Prime Minister he said he was cleaning the mess of the previous government. There’s no proof this government will not do the same.
Privy Council met about this issue last Wednesday. What’s the council members’ opinion on this?
Members had different opinions. The majority thought that forming a coalition is inappropriate. Ordinary party members were strongly against a coalition. Last Friday, I received messages saying that members were ready to quit the party if a coalition is formed.
I’ve never encountered something so strange in my 20 years working in politics. A party chairman phoned me saying that he met with his 146 members and would quit the party if the government forms a coalition.
I reminded the party administration to listen to party members. Even the public is against it. A political decision can’t be made without considering the public opinion.
When ordinary party members are disapproving, higher 300 members shouldn’t decide political issues through a conspiracy for some five or six minister’s seats in a government limited for one and a half years.
If party members truly support the idea, they should go and work with the public in local regions, win the majority of seats, and establish its government by promoting members into ministers.
Baga Khural (party meeting) mainly consisted of city factions. Is there a consistent number of local representatives? Is this also part of the conspiracy you mentioned?
It could be. I still believe that members of the Baga Khural would listen to opinions of ordinary members and make correct decisions after evaluating political conditions.
Things can completely turn around. We could support correct policies of the DP’s government. For example, work on the Elections Law.
The government could work this way. It isn’t our ultimate goal to get into the government, appoint some people as ministers, and serve their wills. If DP and MPP cooperate, they should accept our good ideas and turn it into work.
If a fat group of 73 members is going to be formed with hidden motives, I will not join that group.
At the 2005 presidential election, everybody voted for N.Enkhbayar and ignored DP’s candidate because of a fat 62-member group, established at the time. This is the disgusting conspiracy of politics. That’s why DP couldn’t make a move.
I’m strongly opposed to DP entering the government because the same act is being conspired. I will see the end of this even if I become a loner or despised.
The government shouldn’t form a 73-member conspiracy group and stain the history of Mongolian Parliament by executing works to fulfill an oligarchy’s desires.
Isn’t DP being cautious that MPP would cause problems again if it isn’t included in the government and continue functioning in the old way?
Whenever a violation against the law is submitted, it should be opposed. S.Bayartsogt passed the debt ceiling at 40 percent during MANAN (a coalition of MPP and DP).
Instead of cutting costs domestically, the DP is only talking about getting loans and plunging into debt. MPP determined that it’s wrong that they’ve been putting more debt for two whole years.
Now, they want us to increase the debt ceiling because they offered some ministers’ seats. Aren’t they ashamed? Instead of being two-faced, they should just scram from politics.
The public has observed us for two years. It’s true that Mongolia’s under debt pressure, the loans were wasted, and almost nothing is left. Are we supposed to say that there’s no other choice than plunge into debt because they offered some ministers’ seats? They shouldn’t be so thick-skinned.
If a coalition with DP is formed, will you leave your party?
If something so vulgar is formed, I will have no place to stay in this party. This does mean going against party members and supporters. I can never get along with an administration that makes that decision.
How are you determining that certain number of ministers’ seats will be given to MPP if the coalition is formed?
I don’t see this issue from a legal perspective. All parties were proposed to have multiple wives. For instance, will an agreement between DP and MPP be established or among DP, MPP, Civil Will Green Party and Justice Coalition? Nobody could reply when I inquire about the form of the agreement. When they rushed into announcing a Baga Khural, I told them at least a draft agreement with mutual understanding should be developed and presented at the Baga Khural before deciding. However, a conference has already been announced. Things shouldn’t be taken so lightly.
Why aren’t the MPP leaders expressing their position on this issue?
At the end, there will not be anyone to take responsibility. They’ll just sit back saying a Baga Khural is already scheduled. This is a method for escaping responsibility by saying it was decided by the majority of votes.
Chairman of MPP faction in Parliament S.Byambatsogt stated that this workload should be carried by DP itself and demanded them to take responsibility in 2016 before the public.
Secretary General of MPP J.Munkhbat conveyed that we exited the starting point without DP so we should arrive at the finish line without DP.
We have to be a man to our words and take responsibility for what we say.
How does the MPP Chairman feel about this?
The chairman only said it was inappropriate. Party chairmen are supposed to have a clear standing on these sorts of issues. They should properly express their thoughts, ask members to support his idea, and initiate on taking responsibility.
He shouldn’t be so ambiguous. He should be shouldering responsibility, especially during this politically risky time with high possibility of mistakes. Now, we’ll see if he can shoulder the workload. If he can’t, we’ll have to raise issues about it. Taking an oath of allegiance with the state means risking your life in times of need.
Leading a party means risking your life for the party and taking responsibility. A party can’t survive by being indecisive, making wrong decisions by following the majority or by plots. Previously, we also had an ambiguous leader. Now, it’s enough.
Why are party chairman selections off the mark?
That’s because meetings are little plays that have been organized beforehand.

Miss T.Battsetseg advances to Top 20 of Miss World
By B. Tungalag
November 30 (UB Post) Mongolian beauty pageant T.Battsetseg, who is representing Mongolia at Miss World 2014, has advanced to the Top 20. The top 20 pageants will compete for the Miss World title.
The girls put on cocktail dresses for the Top Model segment and were judged on their walk, their poise, their attitude, and their presence. After seeing over 120 women, the panel selected the top 20.
The top 20 contestants are from Hungary, India, Mongolia, Haiti, Zimbabwe, Australia, the Czech Republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dominican Republic, South Sudan, France, Namibia, Scotland, Turkey, Russia, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Croatia, South Africa and China.
T.Battsetseg was born and raised in Darkhan-Uul Province of Mongolia. She currently works as a fashion model, as well as a trainer of models for Shilmel Zagvar LLC.
T.Battsetseg says that sport is the true fabric of who she is, playing a variety of sports throughout her life. Her basketball team placed second twice at the National Junior Championships. She is also a keen dancer with belly dance being latest interest. Other dance styles she is skilled at include Latin, classical and jazz. When it comes to food, T.Battsetseg prefers to eat healthily, and she loves traditional Mongolian dairy products.
“Mongolia is known throughout the world for our greatest king Chinggis Khan, our hospitality and as the last true nomads. We have quite a unique tradition and heritage passed down from our ancestors. My hometown is Mongolia’s second largest city,” she says.
Miss World 2014 started on November 20 and will conclude December 14.

Mongolians benefit from their forests
November 30 (UB Post) A six-month long forestry research project and census has recently concluded, but the final results of the census will be ready next December. The Head of the Forest Resource Research Office of the Forest Research and Development Center State Owned Enterprise Kh.Michid spoke to Unuudur about the forest census and its results.
Mongolia first counted its forests in 1965. What was unique about this census?
When and how Mongolia has counted its forests is a very interesting question. We studied our forests in 1956 and from 1974 to 1975. This is the third time we’ve counted them, while Finland has counted its forests 11 times.
During the census taken 58 years ago in Mongolia, it was estimated that forests occupied over 10 percent, or 15 million hectares of land. Essential documents, including the general scheme for claiming and making use of forest resources through industrialized methods and measures to fight forests pests and insects, were processed at that time.
Consequently, the first official statistical data and forest map were published.
How are the forests counted?
The main point of this forest census is to define a forest’s median resources and biomass per hectare, throughout the nation and three forest regions.  In order to define whether a sample area is located within the nation’s borders, Landsat eight satellite imaging is used.  Research involving biological species counting, forest structure and endangered plants in the Red Book are carried out in six meters radius circles.
When will the final results of the census be presented?
Over 12,633 sample areas were set in 4,211 locations where coniferous and foliage forests are located. Currently, we are receiving original materials from the counting and rest of the work is being transferred to a digital format for analysis. The amount of absorbed greenhouse gases in Mongolia will be determined according to international standards.
Even if it snows in mountainous areas, our forests are doing their job very well.
What difficulties did you face in conducting the census?
Working in a forest is nice, but it is hard labor.  The safety of individuals or teams is the most important thing, and our workers are injected with vaccinations from tick-borne diseases. Our supervisor prevented us from operating GPS and surveying equipment when electrical storms happened. One worker was injured while he was working during an electrical storm.
The German Society for Technical Cooperation invested 5.7 billion MNT and the state budget funded one billion MNT for the forest census. Did you really need this much money?
This census involved the study of biomass, biological species, and what is in forest aside from trees, using new methodology.  The new methodology was prepared for one year, starting from December 2012. Moreover, we needed a laboratory to process and summarize reports after the census was conducted successfully.
Mongolia invested one billion MNT and 886 million was spent on salaries for 22 teams who conducted the survey, and 114 million will be spent on salaries for laboratory workers and operational expenses.
By carrying out this forest census, investments of more than one billion MNT were required.
How come?
There are carbon credits traded between countries, in which one country receives money from another country that produces greenhouse gases.  After this census, the amount of greenhouse gases being absorbed by the coniferous forests in Mongolia will be estimated. Maybe developed countries can choose Mongolia as their preferred country for planting trees and reducing the amount of greenhouse gases worldwide.
What is vital for decreasing greenhouse gases besides planting trees?
Plants, oceans and soil absorb greenhouse gases. Destroying plants and forests increases greenhouse gases. There are two ways to reduce them: using updated technology and increasing green mass. One international organization estimated that forests and plants absorb 450 to 650 billion tons of greenhouse gas per year and forests absorb 80 percent of emissions.
Forest resources are becoming scarce due to illegal logging and forest fires. What protection policies are being pursued by the Ministry of Nature, Environment and Green Development?
As more of our country develops, these negative effects are decreasing year by year.  Citizens have started understanding the value of protecting and planting forests. It is true that forest resources are in decline, but if we can study forests scientifically and define their resources, or use them correctly, our forest resources are capable of supplying Mongolians with wood and lumber for national consumption.
Starting next year, we are going to conduct studies and experiments with fertile soil in barrels. We will start manufacturing fertile soil in Mongolia.
Source: Unuudur

Primary diagnosis from the Prime Minister
By D. Jargalsaikhan
November 30 (UB Post) Having been appointed as Prime Minister, Ch.Saikhanbileg said, “The new government shall have three areas of focus: economy, economy, and economy,” and stressed the need to, “diagnose our economy as a whole system.” There is an apparent need to diagnose our economic system, find out why there is a decline, and what treatment can be applied.
An economic system concerns the location of factors of production, the allocation of value that has been created, and the use of goods and services that have been produced. The history of mankind shows that an economic system is most optimal when it is based on free choice and a free market. A free market is truly achieved only in countries that protect private property. Only in a free market can people take part in labor relations that allow them to freely choose and own what work they do.
There is no such thing as free exchange, selling and buying land, or a capital market in a socialist society because the factors of production, land, and capital belong to the government. There is also no stock exchange. For these reasons, for half a century we have abandoned the socialist path we once followed.
A free market can only be achieved in a country that has a political system based on the choices of the majority of citizens and an election system that provides an opportunity for evaluation and improvement in a certain amount of time. A society that has such a political and economic system is described as democratic and capitalist. Twenty years ago, Mongolians chose to build such a society and started giving the ruling power to a single political party by holding a democratic, free election.
However, the privatization process that started strong in the beginning of the transition period gradually stopped. Moreover, many new state-owned companies have been established since 2010. We have deviated from our chosen path, and sometimes even tend to step back. Increasing government involvement rather than supporting private property relations has become favorable for the ruling political parties.
The increased number of state-owned companies have led to the private sector slowly losing its competitiveness, which was only starting to be built. It allows the ruling political parties to fulfill their self-interests by using the power they have. Public scrutiny, which is the soul of a democratic system, has been missing in Mongolia. As a consequence, there has been no scrutiny and supervision of state property. It created a system where profit can be made from public tenders, where political parties have already set their boundaries. People have been kept silent through social welfare.
Politicians are keeping the secret that the political parties that have obtained the ruling power, one after another, get the enormous sums of money they use for political party and campaign financing. Public service has been turned into currency by those who collect the biggest donations, promise seats and positions, win elections, and make payments afterwards. Consequently, the walls of Mongolian government are now covered by the moss of corruption.
The economic difficulties that have been built up for years, which were mentioned by Prime Minister Saikhanbileg, trace back to the secret financing of political parties. We politicized the Oyu Tolgoi project, promised free cash during election, and shocked investors by passing the strategic sector investment law and the “long-named” law just before the 2012 parliamentary elections. Also, the investment that came from mining exploration stopped. A total of 106 licenses were withdrawn, which led to many consequences, while the unhealthy politicization of Oyu Tolgoi kept going. The development at the Tavan Tolgoi deposit was also suspended. Politicians continued holding press conferences that sounded like pure populism and there was a lot of mistreatment and abuse of foreign and domestic investors.
The main cause of Mongolia’s economic decline is corruption in governance. It can be argued that the source of corruption is the financing of political parties. This is the result of an accurate diagnosis.
It is true that Mongolians are reaching into their pockets to pay for the consequences of this disease. Hence, our economy is gradually declining. As a result, the Mongolian tugrug declined by 30 percent within one year and the inflation rate reached 13 percent. The next economic crisis is imminent.
In order to cure this disease, the parliament has to pass certain laws around political party financing. Until then, a significant step that the Prime Minister can take is to refuse appointing a member of parliament as a minister in his cabinet.
It looks like the Prime Minister will not waste any time to reduce state ownership and provide a mechanism for scrutiny. It is a wise decision to make it clear who owns what state properties and turn state-owned companies into shareholding companies with public ownership. It is also good that he plans to start economic diversification, supporting revenue from tourism, information technology, and agriculture. However, the important thing is promoting competition in the private sector and creating an environment that supports equality within these industries.
Prime Minister Saikhanbileg might acquire a huge, long-term, soft loan from China to cover the upcoming loan payments. The loans could last 30 to 40 years and will finance infrastructure projects including railroads. It means that Mongolia will be trading with our two neighbors using their money.
The government is about to start providing support when a commercial bank attempts to raise capital from abroad. There have also been promises to support the private sector, improve the business environment, pass laws for special permits and licenses, and ease tax and customs difficulties. They will be significant initiatives to overcome economic decline, even if the government only manages to start them. However, will the political party negotiations – not knowing how and when they will end – provide an opportunity to work in such an unrestrained manner? If living standards improve and people are living nicer lives, the economic system is functioning correctly.
Trans. by B.AMAR

No comments:

Post a Comment