Sunday, December 21, 2014

Mongolia Brief December 4, 2014

PM submits draft on government structure
By Ch. Khaliun
December 4 (UB Post) On Wednesday, Prime Minister Ch.Saikhanbileg submitted drafts on governmental structure, the new government’s components, an amendment to the law on government, and a Parliamentary resolution on adopting the general structure of state administrative bodies to Speaker Z.Enkhbold for approval.

The draft states that the new government’s structure will consist of a prime minister, deputy prime minister, state minister and head of the cabinet secretariat. It will also include the following ministerial positions: environment and tourism, foreign affairs, finance, justice, industry, defense, construction and urban planning, education, culture and science, roads and transportation, mining, labor, population development and social welfare, food and agriculture, energy, health and sport, and a state minister of Mongolia.
PM Saikhanbileg believes that a state minister of Mongolia should work in the government to implement major national development projects and programs important to Mongolia’s prosperity.
The state minister will decide on the issues of necessary investments for these major projects and programs, and provide consistent policy guidelines and directives for project implementation. Ch.Saikhanbileg believes that this will positively influence the results of these projects and included that the state minister won’t control any of the new government’s 15 ministries.
The Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Justice will be general functional ministries and the remaining 11 will become sectoral ministries.
In accordance with the submission of the government’s structure to the Parliament, the parliament resolution on adopting the general structure of state administrative bodies was revised.
The revised resolution proposes having ten government regulatory agencies, eighteen government enforcement agencies, and to liquidate the Nuclear Energy Agency and Takhar organizations.
In the past three years, foreign investments have dramatically decreased and the draft states that the issues of improving investor trust, increasing investments, intensifying the state and private sector’s business activities, and increasing the efficiency of local properties should be improved under the direct control of the PM.
The following day, a meeting of the Standing Committee on State Structure was scheduled to discuss the draft bill on government structure but was indefinitely delayed.
There is speculation that the delay might be a result of political parties and the coalition caucus being unlikely to reach a final agreement on the government’s structure.
Draft Cabinet Composition SubmittedMontsame, December 4

Meeting to discuss government structure delayed
December 4 ( The meeting of the Standing Committee on State Structure was scheduled to be held at 9:00 a.m. today, on December 4th, but the meeting to discuss the draft bill on government structure has been indefinitely delayed.
There is speculation that the delay might have been caused as a result of political parties and the coalition caucus being unlikely to reach a final agreement on the government's structure.
PM Ch.Saikhanbileg submitted a draft bill of government structure to the Speaker of Mongolian State Great Khural Z.Enkhbold on December 3rd.  The draft bill proposes that the new government would be comprised of 15 ministries and 19 ministers, including the PM, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Mongolia and Head of the Cabinet Secretariat for Government, and cabinet ministers. 

P.Tsagaan Meets Ambassador of India
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Head of the Presidential Office P.Tsagaan Wednesday received Mr Somnat Gosh, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of India to Mongolia. The sides touched upon issues of attaching a great importance to the bilateral cooperation in the fields of education, agriculture and IT. 

237 work-related deaths reported
December 4 ( The State Social Security Insurance General Office launched their forum “Healthy Workplace” and free courses in collaboration with the Occupational Safety and Health Management Institute of Mongolia today, on December 4th.
The General Agency for Specialized Inspection has also released its September report on work-related deaths.
In 2010 through 2013 and the first three quarters of 2014, a total of 1,414 occupational accidents were registered, which resulted in 237 work-related deaths.
Reports from 2010 through 2014 reveal that 301 employees were left with disabilities following workplace injuries and work-related accidents, and 958 employees were left temporarily unable to work.
According to reports by the General Agency for Specialized Inspection, occupational accidents are more common in the following sectors: mining, construction, roads and transport, education, and healthcare.
The top 5 causes of occupational accidents and injuries in the workplace include:
Lack of accountability
Poor vehicle and equipment maintenance,
Defective equipment and poor technological processes
Improper lifting of heavy items and equipment
The “Healthy Workplace” forum aims to launch management to prevent workplace injuries and occupational hazards, and support companies in improving labor safety and controls.

Fire in Oyu Tolgoi sag mill
December 4 ( Fire was reported through one of the OT’s workers at 6 pm local time on 3rd of December. The picture was taken from the staff’s facebook account and was reported on local news website. The OT LLC said that fire is under control and it nobody was injured. Fire came from one of the sag mills.

Healthcare reform brought to life
By S. Batzaya
December 4 (Mongolian Economy) Mongolians spend about USD 70 million to USD 120 million on medical treatment trips abroad every year, say officials from the Health Ministry. This enormous capital outflow for seeking diagnosis and treatment shows the Mongolian health system needs considerable development. To have a job, maintain an income and live happily, you need to stay healthy. This is why every employed person pays a small amount of money from their wages to the public Health Insurance Fund every month. But this contribution from a citizen’s salary to their health is not benefiting them. Lately, representatives from the public and private sector have levied heavy criticizing against this abnormal system, calling for changes to be made.
Though the spring session of parliament saw a draft bill introduced to reform the current health insurance law, lawmakers withdrew it. Since the withdrawal, The Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection has reconstructed the law, which is now submitted to Parliament under a new title: Health Mandatory Insurance. We have yet to be informed exactly what or how the new law is to reform public healthcare.
According to a public study, one of every four Mongolians are diagnosed with the virus Hepatitis B or C. Though each citizen pays public health insurance, a more advanced level of medical treatment that requires additional payments is necessary to test whether or not one has Hepatitis. This is one of many examples that highlight the inefficiencies and deficiencies of the current public healthcare system fed by workers’ salaries.
Solidarity breaks
The government budgeted MNT 570 billion for health sector financing in 2014. This sum will be increased by another MNT 200 billion in financing from the Health Insurance Fund. In other words, the healthcare system is spending around MNT 770 billion, but the budgeted financing is mostly finished spending on products and services purchased and given away to hospitals. 
Jobless citizens, the elderly, disabled citizens, and children are paid by the state MNT 670 per person per month, a sum of only MNT 8,040 per year. The state paid portion makes up only six percent of the public Health Insurance Fund. On the contrary, 59 percent of the fund is spent on the aforementioned citizens for their medical needs. In the meantime, working citizens contribute from their salaries about MNT 16,000 monthly, MNT 192,000 per year. It seems unfair to pay health insurance differently—yet this is the basis of the solidarity system.
Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection officials believe that the current system creates inequality in society and leads to negative effects on solidarity. 
When a working contributor to the Health Insurance Fund uses services from public hospitals, they aren’t protected from facing financial risk. There are many medical services not included in the public healthcare package. So, even though Mongolians pay the monthly mandatory health insurance, they still need to pay for certain additional services—especially expensive ones. Large payments add huge pressure on working Mongolians, pushing many into poverty. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has performed research on the correlation between poverty and the health sector. They concluded that people always try to get back good health at any cost, even when they have to sell everything they have if they or any member of their family gets sick. This process leads many families to poverty, states the ADB.
The current hospital system is financed with inpatient and overnight-stay fees imposed by the underfunded hospitals. In other countries, about 3 to 8 percent of the population needs to stay in the hospital for medical service. In Mongolia, this number is at an alarming 25 to 30 percent.  It means some patients who don’t need to stay at the hospital are lied to and forced to receive inpatient care so that hospitals can charge more from them and the Health Insurance Fund later on for ‘service provided’. This practice is tantamount to public healthcare fraud.
A competitive healthcare system
We need to have choices in health services. Mongolian Investment Holding (MIH) group president D.Jargalsaikhan says, “We want to have a second type of insurance. It can be either private or public. Then the service providers will be forced to compete with each other. Insurance is a financial service. In other words, it’s better to disassemble the social welfare components of the Health Insurance Fund. If healthcare is divided into many competing parts, there will be more choices. Now we have the wrong system so we don’t have any selection. Money we give to social insurance should be ours. Money concentrated in a public fund which is supposed to provide us services has been mixed with the budget. Now it’s time to disconnect these two.”
Private sector representatives say that there is no ready recipe for how to achieve healthcare reform.  However, instead of saying that there is no recipe, we should at least define our direction. In order to do that, we should study other countries experience with this issue, say sector representatives.
“The power of policymaker needs to be shifted to hospitals, and insurance organisations should be in charge of financial power in terms of assistance and services in order to develop,” says, Ts.Natsagdorj, health economist. Countries such as Estonia and Kyrgyzstan that used to have socialist systems have achieved great success as a result of complex, relevant development policies. One major change was in the governance of hospital. Hospitals became an independent body with the power to manage their human resources, financing and management. Such a process creates responsibility and good practices for everyone who is required to follow. Healthcare reform brought to life. 
MIH group president D.Jargalsaikhan insists, “Rather than looking at a country’s development level, we can bring good practices from any country who achieved success in a particular sector. But it is important to know in what direction it directs us and if it will benefit us. The health issue is forever. So we should have people’s interest set right. But we don’t have this right now.” 
Why shouldn’t we receive services differently depending on the amount of money we pay? There is the need to create a legal environment where people can pay to any insurance provider they want, rather than just pay a percentage to the state. If that can happen, and competition enters the marketplace, then the long wait for better, more efficient healthcare will be over.

Mongolia Hosts Two-Day Workshop Meeting to Join Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
December 4 ( The Academy of Diplomacy under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Economic Cooperation of Mongolia in association with Research Center for General Coordination on Foreign Policy and Konrad Adenauer Foundation have successfully organized an International Workshop themed "Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation - Mongolia's National Capacity Building to Join the APEC" in Ulaanbaatar on December 02-03, 2014.
The two-day seminar was held at the Foreign Ministry’s “Consensus” Meeting Hall, where experts and scholars from Australia, China, Russia, Singapore, South Korea and United States have attended who conduct studies toward APEC-related researches. Moreover, scholars and academics from National Institutes of Studies and Universities, economists and experts from Asian Development Bank, Foreign Ministry and Finance Ministry as well as representatives from Customs Office and National Taxation were also present.
The International Workshop was organized with purposes to study other countries’ experiences who have been working with the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and to develop recommendations attaching comments and opinions of internationally recognized scholars and scientists on Mongolia’s policy being implemented to date and further actions and measures to carry out after joining the APEC.
At this Seminar, scholars from APEC-member 6 countries have participated and shared their experiences and practices on joining the APEC and organizers considered this meeting was practically significant as guest attendees evaluated Mongolia’s policy to join the APEC and recommended on further acts to adhere.
In his opening remarks, Director of the Academy of Diplomacy Kh.Bekhbat noted, “Mongolia fully supports goals and principles of the APEC and has been forwarded its interest to join the APEC since 1993. In this regard, we are hosting this seminar to outline and analyze what policies and measures we have implemented so far and now it's time to talk about how to deal in the future. Therefore, we want this two-day event to be not as a regular scientific meeting by the means of delivering speeches and others to listen. Instead, we are asking you to race freely with your opinions, reviews and ideas. We expect from this meeting to determine and strengthen the capacity building of Mongolian national priority to join APEC”.

Parliament to Discuss New Cabinet's Matters
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Parliamentary Standing Committee on state structure held a meeting Thursday to discuss the submitted bills on composition and structure of the new cabinet. A majority agreed that these draft laws will be passed to parliament for consideration.
During the discussion, the "Justice" coalition's faction and some members of the Democratic Party faction opposed the decisions about making changes to the Cabinet, appointing a State Minister with no Ministry, withdrawing Takhar service agency, Nuclear Energy Agency and the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.  

State Secretary Meets Ambassador of Israel
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) The State Secretary of the Ministry of External Relations and Economic Cooperation B.Boldbaatar Thursday met Mr Matan Vilnai, the Concurrent Non-Resident Ambassador of Israel to Mongolia.
At the meeting, the two exchanged views on a present situation of the Mongolia-Israel relations and cooperation, further development, and a collaboration within international organizations.

Copper Price Rises after OT Mine Fire
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Copper rose for the first time in three days on expectations of steady growth in the labor market of the U.S., the second-largest metals consumer, and after a fire at Mongolia’s biggest copper-and-gold mine happened on December 3, reports Bloomberg on Thursday.
The red metal climbed as much as 1.1 percent. Initial jobless claims fell to 295,000 in the week ending Nov. 29 from 313,000, according to a Bloomberg News survey before the US government data on December 4. Private payrolls advanced 208,000 in November after a revised 233,000 climb in October, ADP Research Institute said Wednesday. The European Central Bank will maintain a negative deposit rate of 0.2 percent, according to a separate survey.
A fire at the ore concentrator at Oyu Tolgoi copper mine was brought under control and is being investigated, said Tony Shaffer, a spokesman for Turquoise Hill Resources Ltd., which co-owns the mine. He declined to comment on the impact to production. The concentrator is a machine that separates waste rock from copper. It can process 100,000 tons a day, according to Rio Tinto Group.
"The U.S. improvement will have a positive effect on metals demand," said Will Yun, a commodities analyst at Hyundai Futures Corp. in Seoul. The Oyu Tolgoi fire will also increase positive sentiment for copper prices, he said.
Copper for delivery in three months gained as much as USD 68 to USD 6,448 a metric ton on the London Metal Exchange and was at USD 6,432 a ton at 11 a.m. in Hong Kong. The March futures contract rose 0.8 percent in New York to USD 2.8955 a pound, while the metal for February in Shanghai advanced 1.1 percent to 45,720 yuan (USD 7,433) a ton. 

Mongolian Elected Member of ELIA Board
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Dean of the Mongolian State University of Arts and Culture E.Sonintogos has been elected the member of the Board of the European League of Institutes of the Arts (ELIA) for 2014-2016.
The decision was made at the Sixth ELIA Leadership Symposium held November 27-29 in Swedish Helsinki. The ELIA has over 400 arts institutes from 50 countries. The University of Arts and Culture joined it in 2012, opening new opportunities for itself to advertize Mongolian culture, training art professionals who satisfy international standards, and to cooperate with international partners.
Ms Sonintogos said the decision manifests the ELIA’s trust that "our University can train professionals that can compete with the art masters of Italy, France, the UK, Switzerland and Netherlands". A delegation led by the executive director of the ELIA Carla Delfos visited last spring the State University of Arts and Culture and agreed to cooperate.
The European League is headquartered in Amsterdam and is joined by the Asian countries such as South Korea, New Zealand, Taiwan and Mongolia.

“Culture Days of Mongolia” in Beijing
December 4 ( The ten-day cultural event "Culture Days of Mongolia" will be held in Beijing, starting December 5th.
Cultural Days of Mongolia in Beijing will be part of protocol to conduct cultural exchange days as China and Mongolia have named 2014 the "Year of China-Mongolia Friendly Exchanges." The sides have both organized a series of events, including high-level government visits, photo exhibitions, cultural programs, and youth exchange projects on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and China, and the 20th anniversary of the signing of an agreement on friendly relations and cooperation.
Culture Days of China and a Chinese cultural heritage exhibition and performance were successfully conducted in Ulaanbaatar during Chinese President Xi Jinping's official visit to Mongolia.
Culture Days of Mongolia in Beijing, featuring a ceremonial concert and a photo exhibition of beautiful Mongolian landscapes, will conclude on December 14th. 

Photo News: Winners of “Wheelchair Miss 2014” Announced
December 4 ( Commemorating the International Day of People with Disability that marks annually on December Third, the first ever Mongolian pageant contest for people with disabilities, the "Wheelchair Miss 2014" was successfully organized in Ulaanbaatar at the National Chamber of Commerce and Industry on December 03, 2014.
The “Wheelchair Miss 2014” was first initiated to host by "Bid Chadna Negdel", the NGO earlier organized the “Wheelchair Fashion Show 2013” and this time they arranged the event featuring both beauty and fashion categories to raise the voices of community and in the meantime to introduce Mongolian beauties with disability, where 14 contestants including participants from provincial Arkhangai, Bayankhongor, Bulgan and Zavkhan Aimags of Mongolia have competed for the 2014 Crown.
The beauty contest was co-organized in collaboration with "Brilliant" Women's Club and Ikh Zasag International University as well as many other foreign and local companies have sponsored and the winners of the “Wheelchair Miss 2014” were named as Miss 2014, Miss Talent, Miss Intellectual and Miss Smile.
Winners of the “Wheelchair Miss 2014” are:
Miss 2014 - B.Tsolmon
Miss Talent - Ch.Tungalagtuya
Miss Intellectual - B.Batchimeg
Miss Smile - B.Narantungalag
The top prize of the Wheelchair Miss 2014 was awarded with a certificate to have 18-day holiday in Italy with a family member granted by Leo Camp International Youth Center. Moreover, B.Tsolmon will be the Envoy representing Mongolian people with disability until the next contest, which is planned next 2-3 years.
Also, other winners were awarded with cashmere products, certificate of 1-year free services at “Ruby” Beauty Salon and scholarship to study at Ikh Zasag International University.
We appreciate the Executive Director of "Bid Chadna Negdel" NGO Mrs. B.Otgontuya for providing comprehensive information and photos below taken by Kh.Unenbayar, New Group Media.

Chief of President’s Office receives OIE regional director
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Head of the regional activities of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Dr Francois Caya met with the Chief of Staff of the President’s Office P.Tsagaan on December 4. They discussed a preparation for organization of the Ninth Conference of Ministers Responsible for Livestock which is to take place in Mongolia in 2015.
The decision to organize here this meeting was included in the documented plan of actions to be implemented as a follow up of the visit of the OIE Director-General Dr Bernard Vallat to Mongolia in 2012. During his visit, Dr Vallat met with President and Prime Minister and touched upon matters on promoting the animal health sector, cooperation in the development of animal health standards, strengthening the food security, fighting/eliminating livestock infectious diseases, and supporting these matters by attracting international organizations and donor countries to Mongolia.
Mr Tsagaan expressed a willingness to support the organization of the meeting and said Mongolia is interested in an export of its meat and meat products, in having considered its resource of over 60 million heads of livestock. "The heads of states of Russia and China expressed their interests to receive meat from Mongolia during their visits to Mongolia in August and September," he added.
The sides also exchanged opinions on the potential support from OIE for improving Mongolia’s livestock health on export of Mongolian meat.

Mongolia’s first online trading system introduced
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Golomt Securities LLC is introducing an international standard "Online Trading System" for the first time in Mongolia.
Using the new system, not only the Mongolian residents but also Mongolians abroad as well as foreign investors will have equal access to the MSE trading, reported Golomtbank on Thursday.
Traditionally, clients had to go to brokerage firms in-person to place their orders. Now, with the new online trading system, clients will have the same privileges and receive the same services, plus a real-time management of their portfolios. 

Golomt Bank named as best bank of Mongolia
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) The Banker magazine, world’s premier banking and finance resource, has named “Golomt” commercial bank as the “Bank of the Year-2014” in Mongolia; thus, the bank is receiving this prestigious award for the fifth time.
The Banker has been providing global financial intelligence since its establishment and has built a reputation for objective and incisive reporting on in-depth regional and country economic development while ranking global banks based on their strong financial performance, sustainable growth, innovative products and services as well as on the expansion of branches and operation.
Golomt bank’s performance fully satisfied world standard criteria; thus, the bank is being awarded as the “BANK OF THE YEAR-2014” in Mongolia from “The Banker” magazine.
During the award dinner held in London, CEO of Golomt bank Mr Ganbold stated that “This prestigious award truly honors and strengthens Golomt bank’s leading role in Mongolian banking system,”
Committed to and Investing in Excellence, Golomt bank has been the driving force of Mongolian banking and finance sector’s development as well as being the most innovative bank in Mongolia since its establishment in 1995.
Furthermore, Golomt bank issued the first “AMERICAN EXPRESS® GOLD CARD” in cooperation with American Express, world’s leading payment card company in Mongolia as well as updated its core banking services to “FINACLE,” world standard core banking system bringing its product and service qualities to world standard in 2014.

Stock Exchange news for December 4
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) At the Stock Exchange trades on Thursday, a total of 7,709 units of 10 JSCs were traded costing MNT seven million 048 thousand and 828.00.
"Hai Bi Iol” /5,977 units/, “Mongolia Development” /1,000 units/, “Sor” /260 units/, “Gutal” /200 units/ and "State Department Store” /149 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value were "Hai Bi Oil” (MNT three million 556 million and 310), "Gutal” (MNT one million 905 thousand and 500), “Sor” (MNT 494 thousand), “Mongolia Development” (MNT475 thousand) and "Sharyn gol” (MNT 333 thousand and 900).
The total market capitalization was set at MNT one trillion 464 billion 283 million 130 thousand and 037. The Index of Top-20 JSCs was 15,023.85, increasing 73.95 units or 0.49% against the previous day.

Discussion runs on women’s role in sports
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Such a profound talk themed "Women’s participation in Olympic movement" was organized Thursday in the headquarters of Mongolia's National Olympic Movement (MonNOC) by the "Sport and women" commission.
It attracted members of the commission, representatives of sport federations, universities and institutes, also women athletes, coaches and sport journalists. A member of the MonNOC’s Executive Council D.Khaltar made the opening remarks. He was followed by a member of the Standing committee on sports and women of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) P.Tungalag with a "Policies of International Olympic Committee and OCA on women and sports" report, and by a teacher at the Mongolian State University of Education Dr B.Nomin with "Our opportunities" paper.
Presentations were also made by B.Altantsetseg, an Olympic athlete, and B.Badamgarav, a secretary-general of the Mongolian Union of Sports Journalists. 

Judokas to compete in Tokyo Grand Slam
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, December 4 (MONTSAME) Judokas of the national selected team have left for Japan to participate in the Tokyo Judo Grand Slam which will start Friday.
The Grand Slam tournament will gather 424 male and female judokas from 65 countries. Mongolia will be represented by 20 coached by D.Battulga and Kh.Erdenet-Od.
The events draw has been conducted, and each country can send up to two competitors per weight category, whereas the host nation can compete with up to four judokas.
According to the draw, a World Champion Mongolian G.Boldbaatar IMS has a bye in the first bout in the men 60kg contest and will face Kunihiro Aaron (USA) or Uzbek Urozboyev Diyorbek. In the same category, a State Honored Sportsman Mongolian D.Amartuvshin also has a bye in the first round, and then will face a Spanish. An international master of sports D.Tomorkhuleg has a bye, and will fight with Italian Verde Elio. Other women judokas D.Otgontsetseg (48 kg), A.Tsolmon (52 kg) and D.Sumya (57 kg) also have byes in their first bouts.

Kh.Badamgerel awarded as Top Model at Goyol 2015
By B. Tungalag
December 4 (UB Post) Mongolia’s biggest fashion festival, Goyol’s closing ceremony took place on December 3 at the Central Cultural Palace.
Director of Andra Model Management agency Kh.Badamtsetseg became Mongolia’s Top Model of 2015.
Designer of Govi LLC E.Battsetseg won the designers’ Grand Prix.
The Mongolian Designers’ Association and Shilmel Zagvar Fashion Center organized the 27th Goyol 2015 Festival. As is tradition, designers and fashion houses taking part in the festival introduced their designs at the show.
The best model, photographer, make-up artist, hairdresser, and designer were selected at the festival. Goyol Fashion Festival has been organized since 1988.
Winners of the festival are:
-    Best Male Model- G.Bolor-Erdene
-    Best Female Model- P.Khaliun
-    Best Modeling Agency- Mongoljingoo Agency
-    Best Hairdresser- T.Bayartsesteg
The following is a brief interview with new Mongolian Top Model Kh.Badamtsetseg.
Congratulations on being awarded the Top Model title. How did you do it?
Thank you. I am very glad. I couldn’t hold my tears back when the host called my name. Today is an unforgettable day for me.
How long have you been walking on the stage of Goyol Festival?
I first stepped into the fashion world in 2004. I walked on the stage of Goyol Festival in 2006. The stage inspires me all the time. I always try not to pass up an opportunity to walk on the Goyol stage.
Audiences applauded you when you came onto the stage. Were you surprised by that?
It is very nice to walk with the applause of audiences. I will do more. I will prepare more top models through my agency Andra Model Management.
What is your future plan?
I will work for my agency and the Mongolian Designers’ Association. I am trying to be the best teacher to my students at Andra Model Management.

Turkish Prime Minister send congratulations to the PM
December 4 ( Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu sent a congratulatory letter to new PM of Mongolia Ch.Saikhanbileg for his post as the 28th PM of Mongolia.
Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said in his letter that he believes the new Government of Mongolia will support moving the expansion and strengthening of relations between Mongolia and Turkey to a new level.

Parliament discusses government structure plan
December 4 ( The plenary session of Parliament is now discussing a draft bill on the new government's structure.
Parliament agreed to discuss the bill with an 80 percent vote. PM Ch.Saikhanbileg introduced the issues to be discussed and is now answering questions from MPs about the government structure.
The PM says that the new government structure will cut 464 posts and save the government 13 billion MNT.
According to the PM's draft bill, the government would be comprised of 15 ministries and 19 ministers, dividing the responsibilities of the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism.  But the PM faces criticism over creating the post for a Minister of Mongolia, who will not have a ministry or agency.
The PM defended his suggestion to appoint a Minister of Mongolia, a post that will be in charge of large projects in Mongolia.
The plenary session meeting continues into this evening.

Government progress in green development
By S. Zaya
December 4 (Mongolian Economy) Kh.Khishigjargal is a senior specialist of Green Development Policy and Development at the Ministry of Environment and Green Development. The Ministry’s green development policy was recently approved by the parliament.
What is the purpose of the latest green economy policy?
There have been a lot of programs that have been approved and implemented; however, they usually have weak interactions between themselves. For example, poverty and social issues have not been well interrelated with economic and environmental factors. In other words, the green development policy can provide sustainable development, and balance between economic, social and environmental factors.
The policy helps economy growth?
Green development covers not only environmental protection but also sustainable reserves for the economic development; this includes evaluation of ecosystem outcomes and keeping them for longer periods. The policy has the aim to spend development benefits for human benefit, which will bring quality outcomes over quantity.  
Several months have passed since the approval of the green development policy. What is being done for its implementation?
There is a need collaborate internationally and include the green development issues in the international collaboration. The UN has been supporting countries’ green development since the World Upper Forum for Sustainable Development, held in 2012. International organizations and donor countries make the green economy the leading direction for development. Our approved green development policy has begun to take international support. Mongolia was chosen as the first country to obtain support in the frame of the UN’s PAGE or Partnership for Green Economy; we are now working on the start of five guidelines for green development.
Can you give more details on these five guidelines?
The five guidelines relate to green purchase, green construction, criteria for green development, sustainable development education and improvement of waste management. We have started a survey on green purchase principles in Mongolia, to survey the legal environment for creating green purchases with the Finance Ministry. Also, we have a marketing survey on defining the green products’ amount to be supplied to the market, and the potential amount of green products that can be domestically produced.      
Has much work been started in green construction?
We are now conducting a survey on reserve oriented and effective construction drawings, processing the evaluation system for green construction, which will create an evaluating and establishing system of energy and other reserves, with rain water accumulating ponds, preventing harming materials from entering environment, human health, reuse of water and treatment. The green economy indications will be worked out and included in the national calculating system of Mongolia. It is needed to improve the information used for gathering and using the environmental information. Thus, we are collaborating with World Green Growth Organization to improve our environmental statistics information. By improving this, we shall be able to have our green development criteria for green development.
How can we educate citizens about green development? The work can go better if the public has the right mindset.
We must improve the green economy knowledge of decision makers and specialists for local development policies, and provide them with training programs for their capacity increase. Also there are to be training sessions for journalists, so that they may help provide understanding about the green economy. The improvement of waste management will be a major focus, as there is not sufficient involvement of other sectors in such a program. Planning the activities of Ministries for their relevant waste processing was included in the National Program for Improving Waste Management, approved by parliament this October.

Prime Minister of Mongolia Ch.Saikhanbileg Submitted Bill on New Government Structure to Speaker of Parliament
December 4 ( On December 03, 2014, the Prime Minister of Mongolia Ch.Saikhanbileg submitted a bill to amend the Government Structure to the Speaker of the State Great Khural (Parliament) Z.Enkhbold.
According to bill, the new Coalition Government would be consisted of 19 Ministers headed by the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Mongolia and Head of the Cabinet Secretariat along with the Ministers of 15 Ministries.
The bill also includes some changes in the names of these 15 Ministries as follows:
1. Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Mongolia
2. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia
3. Ministry of Finance of Mongolia
4. Ministry of Justice
5. Ministry of Industry of Mongolia
6. Ministry of Construction and Urban Development of Mongolia
7. Ministry of Defense of Mongolia
8. Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of Mongolia
9. Ministry of Roads and Transportation of Mongolia
10. Ministry of Mining of Mongolia
11. Ministry of Labor of Mongolia
12. Ministry of Population Development and Social Protection of Mongolia
13. Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Mongolia
14. Ministry of Energy of Mongolia
15. Ministry of Health and Sports of Mongolia
Also, if the draft bill is approved, the Coalition Government of Mongolia would functional with above 15 Ministries, 10 Regulatory and 18 Implementing Agencies, where the Marshal (Takhar) Authority (Implementing) and Nuclear Energy Agency (Regulatory) were delisted from the Government Structure.
Due to order of discussions, the bill was revised and approved at the State Structure’s Standing Committee of the Parliament today and at this moment, the Parliament is hearing the last discussion of the bill on new Government Structure.
To recall, the previous Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag submitted a bill to reduce Ministries of Mongolia from 16 to 13 to the Speaker of Parliament on October 02, 2014 and following discussions, the bill was approved at the plenary session of the Parliament on October 07, 2014 to diminish the Government Ministries from 16 to 13 with 11 Regulatory Agencies and 19 Implementing Agencies.
Although, Ministers of above 13 Ministries were not promoted and approved to date and in the meantime the 27th Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag was ousted by Parliament on November 05, 2014 and since then Ministries were chaired by Deputy Ministers and new Prime Minister Ch.Saikhanbileg reached consensus with other political parties to establish a Coalition Government.

MPP unhappy with the PM’s proposal on government structure
By Ch. Khaliun
December 4 (UB Post) Working groups of the political parties with seats in Parliament have been discussing the government’s structure, but are failing to reach a consensus because of the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) rejection of the Prime Minister’s proposals.
The Prime Minister stated that Democratic Party (DP) members will hold the positions of Prime Minister, Head of the Cabinet Secretariat, and will lead six ministries, while the position of First Deputy Prime Minister and four ministries will be held by MPP members. The Ministry of Environment will be led by the Civil Will Green Party (CWGP). The role of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Health will belong to the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) and the Ministry of Mining will be led by the Mongolian National Democratic Party (MNDP).
An unofficial source reported that the MPP demanded that the number of ministers from the MPRP be reduced by one seat or that the CWGP party from the cabinet’s structure. The MPP suggested separating the Ministry of Roads and Transportation and the Ministry of Construction and Urban Development, and to unify the Ministry of Population Development and Social Welfare and the Ministry of Labor. The party also objected to creating the position of First Deputy Prime Minister, and said that the position of Deputy Prime Minister should be given to the MPP.
The draft on governmental structure suggests that the ministries of foreign affairs, sport and culture, agriculture, and labor will belong to the MPP.

Traffic violations see 40 percent decline after surveillance installation
By M. Zoljargal
December 4 (UB Post) The number of total traffic violations in 2014 has decreased by almost 40 percent since the launch of the traffic monitoring system in late 2013, compared to the rate of last year.
The Ulaanbaatar City Traffic Monitoring Agency has been monitoring the traffic with surveillance cameras for over a year now and sent 169,635 traffic tickets to drivers who violated traffic regulations so far this year.
From the total traffic fines issued this year, 26,968 were sent for violating traffic lights, while 142,267 were for speeding.

Hockey players need rinks
December 4 (UB Post) International Sports Master, ice hockey player of the Mongolian National Ice Hockey Team, goaltender of Khasiin Khulguud team of Otgon-Od club G.Tamir gave an interview to Zuunii Medee.
He is a six-time champion of Ice Hockey League, five-time champion of Otgon-Od club and two-time champion of Youth Championship.
You have participated in many competitions. In which competition will you challenge yourself this winter?
The Ice Hockey League Championship is about to be held soon and seven teams will compete. The first round of the competition will take place from December 14 to 21 in Ulaanbaatar. Four teams will be selected in the final, which will take place from February 11 to 15 in Baganuur.
How well did you prepare for the competition?
We lost our ice hockey rink and recently we took it back through court, but we still can’t do our training because the District Governor has not resolved our request yet. If this issue is resolved, we will be able to make competition preparations.
What measures have been taken from the Mongolian Ice Hockey Federation to build ice rinks?
The Mongolian Ice Hockey Federation reshuffled their personnel two years ago. The Hockey Federation can’t afford to build a new ice rink alone, but our federation is working well to organize league competitions and improve old ice rinks. The Ice Hockey Federation found sponsorship for us. For example, Khas Bank sponsors our team.
The Mongolian team won a bronze medal at the Challenge Cup of Asia. In order to capitalize on previous successes, is it important to have an ice rink?
Our team seized a bronze medal at the Challenge Cup of Asia in 2011 and in 2013. Participating countries have to have an ice rink, which has a specific number of seats. The Mongolian hockey team stopped participating in international competitions because we didn’t meet requirements. We need a regularly operating ice rink to develop ice hockey in Mongolia. We train during winter months and we don’t have any possibility to conduct training in other seasons.
How skillful are Mongolian athletes?
From international competitions, we can see that Mongolian ice hockey players are not prepared very well. Its reason is that we did not learn the basic techniques on a professional level. On the other hand, our athletes are strong contestants both mentally and physically.
Have you conducted joint training swith other country’s coaches and athletes?
Yes, we have. Foreign coaches came to Mongolia in previous years. Two Russian athletes came to Erdenet with their coach.  Also, a hockey player from Finland played with Mongolian athletes.
What made you interested in hockey?
I grew up in the 15th Khorooolol, where many Russians used to live. I used to play hockey and skate with their children. Then I formed a team with my friends and won a silver medal at Golden Puck. We used to play hockey only wearing our winter coats and skates without any protection. After this competition, an athlete of Otgon-Od club Purevdagva supplied skating clothes and equipment to us and recruited us in his team. Since then, hockey became an essential part of my life.
Are you interested in other sports besides hockey?
I love this sport because I trained from an early age. Training is the best feeling I ever had.
Ice hockey demands athletes to be fast and strong.  Is it important to have a good coach?
Playing hockey really requires physical strength. During the games, we collide and push. So sometimes we fight because of misunderstandings. We did not have a professional trainer. The most important thing is to prepare your psychology and overcome fears.
Is training in winter challenging?
We repair ice rinks before training and we spend two to three hours outside. After training, we change our clothes outside since we don’t have a dressing room. In my opinion, the number of children who are interested in hockey is declining because of this.
Source: Zuunii Medee

Ch.Mungundalai: My ambition is to overcome the challenges of life
December 4 (UB Post) The following is an inspiring interview with Ch.Mungundalai , a young Mongolian cyclist with communication disorder and member of the Young Cyclist Club of the Mongolian Youth Federation (MYF). He achieved his dream by cycling a 6,300 km journey from Ulaanbaatar to the western provinces of Mongolia in four months.
Just five months ago, not many knew who Ch.Mungundalai was, but now he has become an inspiration to thousands of young people in Mongolia.
Was it difficult to travel with a hearing disability?
My conditions shouldn’t stand in the way of my dream. I was welcomed at every venue thanks to my fellow club members of the Young Cyclist Club of the MYF who supported the journey by notifying other members in provincial and local branch associations.
Is it true that you were robbed and got into a car accident during your journey?
There were many difficulties and obstacles. My motivation for my journey can’t be measured by such small accidents. Many kind and good people helped me during those unfortunate occurrences. Particularly, O.Sansarkhuu from the MYF, who did the main management of the journey and contacted and notified everyone. In Bayan-Ulgii Province, elderly men with big beards like in fairytales invited and welcomed me to their homes. I’d like to express my gratitude to the good-hearted and hospitable Kazakh people. I realized how hospitable Mongolians are through this trip.
You passed 210 soums of 15 provinces. 6,300 km is almost three quarters of Mongolia’s total border length. Which place had the most thrilling nature?
Arriving at the peak of Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain was a touching moment. It was very cold up there. I recovered my spirit and climbed down from Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain after raising the state flag of Mongolia. Uvs Province also has amazing nature. The hot spring in Galt soum of Khuvsgul Province was really good. Selenge River was truly beautiful and majestic. The progress of the journey has been captured on camera. All details of my travel will be revealed on Facebook soon. I hope others can see and feel as I have seen and felt.
What happened in Bayan-Ulgii Province?
At the time, Speaker of Parliament Z.Enkhbold was working in Bayan-Ulgii Province. He said he found out that I was going on a journey from Facebook. When I climbed down from Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain, many police officers surrounded me. I was scared. I quivered in fear wondering what had happened and if I had done something wrong. I calmed when security tapped on my shoulder and told me they were letting me meet the Speaker of Parliament. Z.Enkhbold told me to meet him when I return to Ulaanbaatar after I complete my journey.
You’ve travelled for many days through places with no inhabitants. How did you manage your food, drinks and other supplies?
I set up my tent in places without households. In some places, I was able to stay in people’s homes, recover my strength, and continue with my journey.
For three months, you only travelled on your bicycle?
That’s right. My bicycle travelled a 6,300 km long road without breaking even once. (According to the President of Cannondale Mongolia Company, Ch.Mungundalai rode a GT bicycle of Cannondale brand.)
How many years have you been cycling?
I started cycling in 2003. I’ve been actively cycling in the last three years. Particularly, I became interested in the cycling sport and travel after meeting members of the Young Cyclists Club. Our club members are really nice people. I’m extremely happy that I got to achieve my dream with the help from club members. I might have even died if it weren’t for their support and encouragement.
Are you talking about the car accident? What exactly happened?
I got hit by a car when I was riding on the road from Erdenet city to Ulaanbaatar. My bicycle had been dragged when I gained consciousness. The driver was drunk. When I showed my MYF membership card and hearing-impaired identification card, the driver told me to be quiet and don’t mention about this instance, and offered me money. I didn’t accept it. I called the traffic police to have it decided justly.
My shoulder hurt so much but since there was a route to Selenge Province, I continued my journey. Thanks to many kind people, I’m now healthy and well.
You seem to prioritize an active life. Before joining the Young Cyclist Club, what did you do?
Overcoming the difficulties of life is my ambition. I realized that I have to create myself and overcome all obstacles. Now, I’m 29 years old. In 1997, I stayed in school dormitory of School No.29. Then, I graduated as an electrician from the Construction Polytechnic College and started working there.
I exceeded the time for my journey and I was fired. I was originally planning on working there for three years. Now, I miss my school teachers very much. Especially, instructor N.Enkhbayar. He’s my closest friend. Now, I’m living with the support of my friends from the club. Living in the capital keeps me close to the club. I get too much free time in the countryside.
My biggest dream is to travel around the world. I want to do a cycling tour to foreign countries. After returning from the journey, I’m not content with being settled in one place. Since I was fired from my work, I have nothing to do. I don’t like having anything to do.
Besides cycling, what else do you like to do?
I used to rent an apartment. When I’m at home, I like reading books. Now that I’m not settled, it’s impossible to keep books. I haven’t been reading lately. Reading in a calm environment is the best.
Now, finding an apartment is important, right?
I want to find a job and live actively. If I get married, I’ll live in an apartment. That way, it’ll be easier for my wife when I’m not around. Since I’m single, a single room would be enough.
You’ve mentioned that you want to marry someone who’s interested in cycling, right?
That’ll have to depend on the person’s personality. She doesn’t have to be interested in cycling or bicycles. Instead of bicycle, it’s important that our feelings connect. Maybe she might like cycling. Life will show all of this. I will not force her to ride a bicycle.
Many people wished you good luck on your Facebook page. Do you have anything you’d like to say to them?
We must preserve the nature of our home country, left by Chinggis Khaan, in its untouched form. I’m not pleased with mining issues that have destroyed nature so much in recent years.
I hope young people have the heart to maintain mountains, lakes and rivers, and plants the way they are. Even a single rock of our home country has a life.
Also, I’d recommend riding bicycles to everyone. Cycling will develop and strengthen your body. You’ll lose weight and it’s significant in many ways for health. After finishing work, you shouldn’t eat and drink and gain weight. You should live actively. Please ride your bike and go on a journey. The MYF notified that our capital will soon get bike lanes. 
Source: Zuunii Medee

UK hosts Mongolian national wrestling competition
By B. Baatar
December 4 (UB Post) Initiated by Mongolian national wrestling amateurs in Great Britain, Mongolia’s Embassy in UK and Mongolians in UK jointly held a Mongolian national wrestling competition among Mongolians in UK on November 30.
The aim of the competition was to promote Mongolian national wrestling and improve the skills of young wrestlers.
The competition is expected to be organized every season.
Eight wrestlers competed in the event. Arslan of Bulgan Province Ya.Oyun-Erdene won the competition after winning seven-times, followed by Zaan of Soum N.Otgonbayar and B.Khadbaatar.
Ambassador N.Tulga opened the competition and handed prizes to the winners.

Mongolian summer days captured by Turkish photographer
By B. Narantuya
December 4 (UB Post) For the 45th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and Turkey being celebrated this year, the President of AKUT NGO, alpinist, writer and photographer, Ali Nasuh Mahruki, is presenting a photography exhibition. The exhibition is on view through December 5 at the Union of Mongolian Artists, and from December 8 through 12 at Red Ger Art Gallery.
Ambassador of Turkey Murat Karagoz and other officials attended the opening of the exhibition at UMA on December 2.
The UB Post learned more about his passions and his photographs in an interview with the artist.
Could you please introduce yourself to our readers?
My full name is Ali Nasuh Mahruki. While I was studying management at university I was very much interested and involved in outdoor activities such as caving, mountain climbing, paragliding, cycling, and things like that.
In 1995, I became the first Turkish person to climb Mount Everest. In 1996, I climbed the highest points of the seven continents. In 1997, I did my first big four-month motorbike trip with my girlfriend, travelling over 21,000 kilometers. In 2000 I climbed K2, which is the most difficult and risky mountain in the world. For every three people, one climber dies. That was the most important climb of my career.
I am a writer as well. I have written seven books. My articles are on different subjects, and my last book was about self improvement.
I am a social entrepreneur. I am the founder and president of a rescue organization called AKUT. It is a volunteer rescue team. We founded AKUT in 1996. Since that time, we have rescued 2,000 individuals. Also, we aim to provide knowledge about disaster management, emergency management and disaster medical care.
How was the journey through Mongolia?
The landscape of Mongolia and terrain is ideal for motorbikes. The roads are not good. For cars it’s bad, but on a motorbike you can easily jump up and down and it doesn’t feel that way. It actually feels good riding a motorbike through such terrain. I wouldn’t recommend the big bikes, instead motocross bikes are suitable. For motorbike enthusiasts Mongolia has a lot to offer. The Gobi is an amazing experience. It’s a unique place where you can travel for many days if you want, and there are lots of things to see in the desert. Unfortunately, we couldn’t see much of it because of the rushed schedule.
So the trip was made only on motorbikes, right? No cars?
We had a guide. He was riding a motorbike, like us, and we had two support cars. Otherwise, it would have been impossible.
How many people were involved in the trip and how many days did it take?
We had twelve motorbikes but we were 15 altogether. We had one married couple; they were here for their honeymoon. The trip took two weeks overall. we spent one week in the Gobi, and then we got back to Ulaanbaatar by airplane to attend the Naadam festival. After that, we went to Orkhon, Kharkhorin and up north to Khuvsgul Province. From Khuvsgul to Ulaanbaatar we went by airplane, which gave us a lot of flexibility and saved time.
Did the team face any difficulties during the trip?
There were several problems we faced. We got lost in the dark several times. Especially in the Gobi, there are no sign posts. People travel in the Gobi just by visualizing and remembering key places and mountains. But at night, there is no visibility; even the guides lost their way. We also had two major accidents, and we were lucky that nobody was injured. Other than that, we really enjoyed every moment.
What did you enjoy the most while travelling?
The landscape. Mongolia has the largest fields in the world. When we were riding in the Gobi we thought, “Is there any place like this in the world?” It is an endless field. You just go and you can’t see the end of it. The land is very flat; no holes and no rocks, and you can even ride closing your eyes. It was a really surprising experience for us.

MPs and the public support the President’s childcare service plan
December 4 (UB Post) The Mongolian President’s bill on childcare service gained support from Members of Parliament during their regular meeting on November 27.
In Mongolia, there are 274,100 children between the ages of two to five, but unfortunately, more than 80 percent of them can’t get enrollment in kindergartens. Simply put, one out of every three children doesn’t go to kindergarten.
Approving this bill will also create jobs, and parents who look after their children at home will be able to pursue employment.
At least 300 new kindergartens have to be built in the near future to provide for these children. But the state budget for 2015 did not reflect any funding for the building kindergartens, and according to experts, childcare service is the next best solution.
Childcare service can be divided into ger based services and center based services. Ger kindergartens will have a maximum of six children and each childcare center will have the capacity for 15 children. The Ministry of Education and Science will conduct a training program for those interested in providing childcare services.
While the state grants 116,000 MNT to children who enroll in kindergarten, children who stay at home are not eligible to receive it. By executing this law, all children will have equal rights. According to this bill, operational expenses and food expenditures for children will be issued from the state budget and parents will be responsible for paying monthly fees to cover the cost of electricity and heating, which was reflected to be 12,100 MNT per child.
Even though this bill has public support, most people still have concerns about the safety, security, food and hygiene standards of ger and center based kindergartens.
Undesnii Suudan received public comments on this issue.
D.Dolgordulam: Creating a comfortable environment is important
I strongly support this law. It seems quite reasonable because we can work and earn income by looking after children besides our own. I am thinking about running a kindergarten. I heard that parents who want to run these kindergartens have to attend training. I would like to know about this. Parents will place their children where safety and hygiene is provided. Of course, no one will trust dirty and bad-tempered people.
A.Jargalmaa: It is unclear how food safety and hygiene standards will be met.
It is a reasonable project for people who look after their children at home. Also, creating new jobs is appreciated. But aside from this, it seems like children’s health and safety isn’t getting any attention. Parents or professional organizations are not able to control this regularly. Plus, kindergarten teacher education is another problem. Not everyone can provide the education that is offered in kindergartens. For me, these issues need to be clarified. I can send my child to kindergarten and work, but I can’t afford the fees of private kindergartens. Almost 80 to 90 percent of my salary will be spent on kindergarten fees.
B.Bilguun: We need responsible people running ger based services
It is hard to give my children to a stranger. We don’t know what food will be offered to children. If we pay money for this service, we need a reliable service. How can we make sure that kindergarten teachers have medical knowledge in the case of children becoming injured? From this angle, this project is a little bit incomplete.
Source: Undesnii Shuudan

Mongolia’s own petroleum factory will only be fueled by its own resources
December 4 (UB Post) Sod Mongol Group announced that they would start building a petroleum processing factory with the capacity to produce over 1.5 million tons of oil per year. Industry and government officials attended the opening of the construction site in 2011. Citizens thought that the time had finally come for Mongolia to produce its own petroleum.
It’s been three years since the huge announcement and opening, and yet no construction work has taken place in Sainshand Province. Many people say that the director of Sod Mongol Group, Ts.Anandbazar, faked the announcement just to collect votes for the parliamentary election. A similar situation occurred in 1998. Oyuni Undraa Group also announced that they would build an oil factory, but it was a lie.
Mongolia exports 780,000 tons of petroleum to China every year. Officials from the Petroleum Authority of Mongolia state that the amount of exported petroleum is going to increase next year, rising up to one million tons. At the moment, China is exporting oil to Mongolia. Mongolian officials say they want China to process Mongolian petroleum for Mongolian consumption.
Speaker of Parliament Z.Enkhbold proposed building a petroleum processing factory while he was visiting China. Officials from China responded that they would study the possibility. The proposal didn’t come from the Ministry of Mining, the Petroleum Authority of Mongolia, or the Ministry of Industry and Agriculture, but the officials of the Petroleum Authority of Mongolia stated that the proposal would be an effective project.
Mongolia consumes 1.4 million tons of fuel. However, if we produced too much petroleum, we could face a surplus. The Ministry of Mining approved the coal to liquid processing project being taken on by Baganuur Energy and MAK. These two companies will produce 450,000 tons of diesel and 400,000 tons of fuel in the frame of this project. The project will start in 2019.
Overall, 16 companies are working on petroleum exploration. Wolf Petroleum found a key location that might contain an oilfield in Sukhbaatar Province. If we find more oilfields it would be much easier to build a petroleum processing factory.
A factory that has the capacity to produce over two million tons of petroleum works pretty profitably. When capacity increases, profits go up as well. The Head of the Petroleum Authority of Mongolia, G.Ulziiburen states, “We have become able to build a petroleum factory in recent years because we have started to extract a sufficient amount of petroleum.” The construction of a factory needs an adequate market and enough resources, which we didn’t have before in Mongolia.
In the list of government projects, there is always mention of building a petroleum processing factory, and yet, we don’t have one. Some officials say that a petroleum factory would be unprofitable. Perhaps that’s why investors aren’t looking to open one.
Even if the amount of oil drilled increases to one million tons next year, it still will not meet the required demand. Factories with low capacities exist in many countries, but the technology is dated and harmful to the environment. The government aims to build a factory that meets high standards and is eco-friendly as well.
Overall, ten companies have been approved to build a petroleum factory in Mongolia.
Only one of them has conducted economic and market research surveys, noted the Ministry of Mining.
Petrochina Dachin Tamsag Company won’t be able to extract two to three million tons of petroleum for many years. The building of a petroleum factory depends on the nation’s petroleum resources. If we can find more resources, we can look forward to producing petroleum and using our own fuels in upcoming years.
Source: Unuudur

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