MONGOLIA is located more than 4,000 miles away in central Asia and counts Russia and China as its neighbours.
A staggering 45 per cent of the country's three million population live in the capital Ulaanbaatar.
Many nomadic empires have claimed the country as its own but perhaps the most famous historical ruler was Genghis Khan who founded the Mongol Empire in 1206.
Mongolia is the world's 19th biggest country and boasts a diverse terrain, with the Gobi desert to the south and a mountainous region to the north.
Most of the country is hot in the summer but winter temperatures can drop to as low as minus 30 degrees.
The diet of the Mongolian people largely consists of meat, dairy products and animal fat.
The most common dish is cooked mutton with buuz – dumplings filled with meat. Sometimes this is cooked in a sealed milk can or carcass of a de-boned goat. A popular drink is salted milk tea known as Süütei Tsai.