Saturday, May 17, 2014

Two Mongolian intangible cultural heritages officially inscribed by UNESCO

Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the Mongolian National Commission for UNESCO L.Bold handed over the official Conventions for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage to Minister of Culture, Sport and Tourism Ts.Oyungerel on Wednesday.


Mongolian calligraphy was nominated for inscription on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding, while traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol ger and its associated customs were nominated for the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity on the eighth session of the Intergovernmental Committee in Baku, Azerbaijan, in December 2013.

The inscription of Mongol ger and its customs in UNESCO list is of course delightful news for Mongolians. However, the fact that Mongolian calligraphy was listed as one of the Cultural Heritages in Need of Urgent Safeguarding is an alarming reminder prodding immediate actions to prevent its loss.

Minister L.Bold highlighted the need to pay more attention to Mongolian heritages and said, “Inscribing and owning cultural heritages is one thing. Protecting, maintaining, promoting them to the world and continuing the legacy is the most important and challenging responsibility that Mongolians are entitled to.”

The heritages for UNESCO lists are approved at sessions through votes of attending nations which are not located in the same region with the home country of the heritages.

At the eighth session, 24 nations unanimously agreed to inscribe Mongolian intangible heritages to the lists.
Mongolian calligraphy is the fifth Mongolian cultural heritage to be registered in the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding. Previously, Mongol tsuur (reed pipe), Mongol epic (tuuli), Mongol biyelgee (traditional folk dance) and folk long song technique of limbe performances – circular breathing were inscribed.

As for the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, Mongolia has inscribed the traditional music of morin khuur (horse-head fiddle), traditional folk long-song, Naadam Festival, traditional music of khuumii (Mongol throat-singing) and a culture of hunting with eagle, apart from the traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol ger and its associated customs.

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