Sunday, May 18, 2014

Mongolia Brief May 16, 2013 Part II

President to participate in CICA Summit

Ulaanbaatar, May 16 (MONTSAME) The President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj will take part in the 4th Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) Summit to be held on May 20-21 in Shanghai, China.

During the upcoming conference, the President will express a position and policy of Mongolia on the cooperation with the CICA and its member states and involvement in regional collaboration. Moreover, he plans to hold meetings with Xi Jinping, the President of the People’s Republic of China, and other State Heads of countries attending the conference.
The 4th CICA Conference will run under a theme on increasing dialogue, mutual trust and collaboration to build a new Asia that is peaceful, stable and cooperative. The event is expected to release a declaration on position of the CICA over international urgent problems. This declaration reflects matters on nuclear weapon-free status of Mongolia, on the International Think Tank for Landlocked Developing Countries and on the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue initiative regarding the security in Northeast Asia.

Stock exchange news for May 16

Ulaanbaatar, May 16 (MONTSAME) At the Stock Exchange trades held Friday, a total of 13 thousand and 282 shares of 17 JSCs were traded costing MNT eight million 324 thousand and 912.32.
"Merex" /9,449 units/, "Moninjbar" /1,500 units/, "Mongolia Development" /800 units/, "Khishig uul" /500 units/ and "Eermel” /413 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value--"UB-BUK” (MNT three million 056 thousand and 800), "Merex" (MNT one million 058 thousand and 640), "Eermel" (MNT 881 thousand and 460), "APU" (MNT 840 thousand and 800) and "Khishig uul” (MNT 600 thousand and 4500).
The total market capitalization was set at MNT one trillion 591 billion 452 million 508 thousand and 043. The Index of Top-20 JSCs was 15,498.41, decreasing by MNT 73.47 or 0.47% against the previous day.

Yao Ming to visit us

Ulaanbaatar, May 16 (MONTSAME) A former professional basketball player of the China's national team Yao Ming, who played for the Houston Rockets of the National Basketball Association (NBA), will visit Mongolia, the China’s side has officially reported.
The famous basketball player has been included in 100 top youths of China to participate in a meeting to be organized by the Union of Mongolian Youths (UMY) August through September of this year in Ulaanbaatar.
The UMY has been implementing the Mongolia-China intergovernmental exchange programme for youths since 2010 together with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In frames of this programme, Mongolian top youths toured last year Beijing and Shandong cities. This year, the delegation of China including famous athletes and artistic workers will visit Mongolia.

Young sumo wrestlers to compete in Japan

Ulaanbaatar, May 16 (MONTSAME) The “Wanpaku sumo” sumo tournament for young wrestlers will take place May 23-24 in Ulaanbaatar city.
This tournament is co-organized by the “JCI Ulaanbaatar central” NGO, the Mongolia’s Sumo Association and the “Zorig” foundation at an initiative of the JCI Tokyo NGO. This tournament aims to attract youths to sports, to give to them education on endurance and politeness, the organizers emphasized.
The tournament will run in five age divisions, and first three place holders of each division will be awarded with certificate and cash prizes. They also will be given the titles of sumo “Yokozuna”, “Ozeki”, Sekiwaki and Komusubi.
Medal winners of the contests for 9-10, 10-11 and 11-12 age categories will be qualified to participate in the 30th Wanpaku Sumo tournament to be held in August in Tokyo, Japan.

Greenfield cement plant opens in Selenge Province

May 17 (UB Post) The largest cement plant in Mongolia opened its doors in Khutul soum of Selenge Province on Wednesday, introducing dry-method greenfield processing which is easier on power consumption and the environment. With the dry-method, water usage and toxic gas emissions are reduced, and power consumption is 45 percent less than the wet-method of production. It is also said that the dry-processed cement’s quality is much higher than wet-processed cement.
The plant is expected to manufacture 3,000 tons of cement per day and one million tons of cement per year, which makes up 50 percent of the total demand for cement in the domestic market.
Mongolia is currently manufacturing only 240,000 tons of cement per year. The increased supply will help reduce cement prices, which will benefit Mongolia’s economy as construction projects are on the rise.
Basement LLC, which won the tender bid for the plant, launched its construction in January 2011, and finished in October 2013. Prefeasibility studies of the plant were done by experts from the School of Geology and Mining of the University of Science and Technology.
The plant operates two limestone mines. Water, heating and engineering pipelines are fully complete at the plant and it is connected to the central electricity distribution line.
Khutul is located 250 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar with paved roads and rails. The plant is still accepting applications for its vacancies.
Khutul Cement Lime Plant was a wet-method cement manufacturer built in the Soviet era, but fell out of service after 26 years of non-stop operation.
Parliamentary Decree no.11, 2010, and Government Decree no.86, 2010, were released by the state to attract national and foreign investors on the condition of transitioning from wet-processing technology to dry-processing and the capacity for the plant to produce one million tons of cement per year.

Two Mongolian intangible cultural heritages officially inscribed by UNESCO

May 17 (UB Post) Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chairman of the Mongolian National Commission for UNESCO L.Bold handed over the official Conventions for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage to Minister of Culture, Sport and Tourism Ts.Oyungerel on Wednesday.
Mongolian calligraphy was nominated for inscription on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding, while traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol ger and its associated customs were nominated for the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity on the eighth session of the Intergovernmental Committee in Baku, Azerbaijan, in December 2013.
The inscription of Mongol ger and its customs in UNESCO list is of course delightful news for Mongolians. However, the fact that Mongolian calligraphy was listed as one of the Cultural Heritages in Need of Urgent Safeguarding is an alarming reminder prodding immediate actions to prevent its loss.
Minister L.Bold highlighted the need to pay more attention to Mongolian heritages and said, “Inscribing and owning cultural heritages is one thing. Protecting, maintaining, promoting them to the world and continuing the legacy is the most important and challenging responsibility that Mongolians are entitled to.”
The heritages for UNESCO lists are approved at sessions through votes of attending nations which are not located in the same region with the home country of the heritages.
At the eighth session, 24 nations unanimously agreed to inscribe Mongolian intangible heritages to the lists.
Mongolian calligraphy is the fifth Mongolian cultural heritage to be registered in the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding. Previously, Mongol tsuur (reed pipe), Mongol epic (tuuli), Mongol biyelgee (traditional folk dance) and folk long song technique of limbe performances – circular breathing were inscribed.
As for the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, Mongolia has inscribed the traditional music of morin khuur (horse-head fiddle), traditional folk long-song, Naadam Festival, traditional music of khuumii (Mongol throat-singing) and a culture of hunting with eagle, apart from the traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol ger and its associated customs.

Kh.Damdin: A movie is not an amusement that kills time

May 17 (UB Post) The following is an interview with state honored director Kh.Damdin, who directed “Red Flag”, “Camp’s Friends” and “Unforgettable Autumn”. 
How many years have you been teaching at the Institute of Radio and Television? Have there been changes among the graduates?
I have been teaching since 1994. It has been eight years since I’ve been teaching at the Institute of Radio and Television at the Mongolian University of Art and Culture. In the 1990s students weren’t interested in art and culture work, but my most recent students are really creative and have become very active readers. Unfortunately, state policy is not so appropriate.
So, in your opinion, what must the state policy be?
They often change the textbooks and follow foreign educational systems. They should teach what the deel is and how to make yogurt beginning in primary school.
Films play an important role in nurturing children. But why aren’t Mongolian directors directing children’s movies?
The reason is they can’t make profits from them and there aren’t any sponsors who will invest their money in unprofitable businesses. Making these kinds of movies is not an easy job, and to make children’s movie directors must know children’s psychology.
What kind of lessons do you want to teach children through your films?
Humanity. Modern children and youth are really lacking in friendly character and respecting their elders. I really want children to be loving and know their great history and culture. Presenting salacious Korean and U.S. blood-and-guts movies will have a significant negative impact on children’s mindsets.
We have great folktales. Don’t we make movies from them?
Yes. We have really nice folktales with good endings, but it is not cost effective to make fairytale clothes and environments. The Ministry of Culture, Sport, and Tourism has made very important progress on the development of archeological science. I wish to pay attention to it.
Are you honest with your students who are untalented but try very hard?
It is really hard to say such things in this society. Not everyone has perfect talent. There are lots of people who have hidden talents. Only being hardworking is really important to reveal their talents.
Have you ever written reviews?
I used to write reviews before. When we point out someone’s disadvantages and mistakes, they consider it slander. Moreover, when publishing reviews in the newspaper, people consider it a bad movie and their interest in watching a certain movie may decline. Honestly, they have to read the review and watch the movie too. Consequently, they should make their own conclusions on whether or not the review was true or false.
Why don’t we get fed up with watching old movies again and again?
Because Mongolian custom and character are still felt from these movies and their main ideas do not go out of date.
How much difference is there between movies recorded on film or digital format?
Using modern technology is the same as little children trying to make a movie. A movie that is recorded on celluloid is high quality and can be kept for a long time. We are able to watch the world’s first movie which was made in 1895.
Have you ever worked with the directors Dorjpalam and Buntar?
I was a cameraman when I worked with them. I used to just observe what they were doing. I had not graduated from director’s university yet, and I learned many things from them.
Did you dream of becoming a movie director?
I never thought about working in theatre.  When I was a little, “Chapayev”, “Roots of Chinggis” and “Post of the Border” used to be present a lot.   My motivation to become a director started from seeing a man who was directing people. At that time, cinematic art seemed very interesting and I decided to become director.
Have you ever made a movie based on an idea from your life?
Yes. “Camp’s Friends” is based on my childhood.
Could you share some memories that have not ever been shared?
A while back, some talented and intelligent guys started becoming drinkers. When they became successful, their friends celebrated a lot and made them fond of vodka. I made my movie “Life’s Bud” from this situation. There is a scene about sawing down a tree. At that time, in order to saw down the tree, we needed permission. When we gave our request to the administration of Darkhan, they gave us permission. But the trees we chose were too big to move with a Zil 130, so we cut two trees and planted new ones in Erdenet.
Is there anything that you haven’t been able to achieve?
I have many things that I want to do. We waste 20 years becoming an adult. After I reached 40 I realized this. I wish to publish what I am thinking about in a newspaper or journal. At least I would like to train very good artists to work in the film industry of Mongolia. For this, I am teaching now.

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