Friday, November 14, 2014

Mongolia Brief October 23, 2014



Program to Celebrate 375th Anniversary of Ulaanbaatar City
October 23 (infomongolia.com) In the frameworks of celebrating the 375th anniversary of founding the Capital City - Ulaanbaatar, the Mayor’s Office published a Program of events to be organized until October 29, 2014.

Program to Celebrate the 375th Anniversary of Ulaanbaatar City
Thursday, October 23
10:00 am
- “Capital Ulaanbaatar”, “History of Ulaanbaatar City Construction”, “Night of UB” and “The Heart of Country” book releases
- “Dornyn Sondor Ulaanbaatar” song debut dedicated to the development of the capital city
Where: Blue Moon Center
Friday, October 24
09:00 am - 03:00 pm
- “Capital City of Mongolia From Migration to Urbanization” International Scientific Conference
Where: Blue Sky Tower, “Diamond” hall
10:00 am
- Oath taking ceremony for public servants
Where: Children’s Palace
11:00 am
- “Wonders of Crafting” joint art exhibition by students and teachers
Where: Mongolian National Modern Art Gallery
Saturday, October 25
10:00 am
- Secondary school children will be acquainting with some state organizations
Where: To leave from Chinggis Square
11:00 am
- Photo exhibition opening brought from Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov (1863-1935) Memorial Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Where: Ulaanbaatar City Museum
- Presentation of stone statues delivered from Bogd Khan Palace Museum to Ulaanbaatar City Museum
- Copy of “Niislel Khuree” exhibits created by D.Manibadar and preserve procedure of original artifacts at Ulaanbaatar City
Museum
11:00 am
- “Capital City” Darts Competition
Where: City Administration, Sports Hall
Monday, October 27
10:30 am
- “Prize-Winning Households and Family” award ceremony
Where: “Khangarid” Palace
10:30 am
- “Capital City of Mongolia From Migration to Urbanization” Photo Exhibition Opening
Where: National Museum of Mongolia until November 05, 2014
11:00 am
- “Development of Capital City” Photo Exhibition Opening
Where: City Administration, 2nd floor
11:00 am
- “Ulaanbaatar City’s Economic Development Strategy” project discussion
Where: City Administration, “Citizen” Hall
05:00 pm
- Ceremonial Meeting and Reception for Governors of City Khoroos
Where: City Administration, “Citizen” Hall
07:00 pm
- “Beautiful Ulaanbaatar” concert
Where: Ulaanbaatar Ensemble
Tuesday, October 28
10:00 am
- “Honored Citizen of the City” medal award ceremony
Where: City Administration, “B” Hall
11:00 am
- State Order and Medal award ceremony
Where: City Administration, “A” Hall
12:00 pm
- Prize award ceremony to frontier citizens and employees
Where: City Administration, “B” Hall
02:00 pm
- Traditional Wrestling competition dedicated to the 375th Anniversary
Where: Wrestling Palace
07:00 pm
- Prize Award Ceremony to Top Entities in Construction Sector
Where: “Bayangol” Restaurant
Wednesday, October 29
08:00 am
- “History and Culture of Ulaanbaatar” class at all secondary schools
09:00 am
- “Ulaanbaatar in Photo” Mobile Photo Exhibition
Where: Across the City
11:00 am
- Respect paying ceremony to “Turtle” monument
Where: “Turtle” monument, the place where the first ground-breaking ceremony was held to found Ulaanbaatar
11:40 am
- Respect paying ceremony to Chinggis Khaan Monument, Capital City Flag Raising Ceremony
Where: Chinggis Square
12:00 pm - 10:10 pm
- Events dedicated to the 375th Anniversary of Ulaanbaatar (City Parade Show and Cultural Performances)
Where: Chinggis Square
01:30 pm
- “City Big Sale - 375” exhibition and trade fair
- “Food Taste”, pavilions
Where: Chinggis Square
01:30 pm
- Reception of senior public servants used to work at the City Administration
Where: “Khangarid” Palace
03:00 pm
- Ceremonial Meeting and Children Chorus Gala Concert dedicated to the 375th Anniversary
Where: Central Cultural Palace
07:00 pm
- “My Country” Concert dedicated to the 375th Anniversary
Where: Central Cultural Palace
08:00 pm - 10:00 pm
- “Big City Evening” Cultural performance by rock and pop singers and bands
Where: Chinggis Square
10:00 pm
- Fireworks
Where: Across the City
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“Where are They” exhibition opens
October 23 (news.mn) Lantuun Dohio (Лантуун дохио) an NGO network working against human trafficking is to display an exhibition against child abuse, partnering with Tusgal (Тусгал) photography group, on October 23-25th.
The exhibition will include photographs about child abuse that range in meaning.
The exhibition is free of charge and open to everyone. A number of events including educational sessions, films, counseling, community services, a concert and talkss will also be conducted throughout the three-day exhibition.
At the event, the Brothers' and Sisters' Union of Mongolia (an organization working with homeless children),  the disabled childrens' NGO Eltei Ertonts (Ээлтэй ертөнц), Beautiful Hearts Campaign NGO, Lantuun Dohio NGO and Uulen Khuu (Үүлэн хүү) comics project will work together to share information and resources with the public.
The exhibition will be on display on the 3rd floor of Art House Center, near Tuul Restaurant, from October 23 to 25, between 10 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.

Erdenet JSC will pay MNT447.5 billion in taxes which is higher than OT LLC
October 23 (business-mongolia.com) According to the statement by Ministry of Finance, Erdenet JSC, the oldest Mongolia-Russian joint copper-mine will pay MNT447.5 billion in taxes. In the other hand, a mine that has more sales and production – Oyu Tolgoi LLC – will pay MNT324.3 billion.
The reason, according to the ministry, is due to the tax stability clauses and being not liable for progressive royalty as stated in the Investment Agreement.
Also, the state budget will receive MNT98 billion in the form of dividend from its interests in partially state-owned companies. Out of this, Erdenet JSC will pay MNT70 billion, and majority-state owned companies will contribute MNT336 billion.

Bumpy Roads for Tourism
By Terrence Edwards
October 23 (Mongolian Economy) Mongolia is seen by locals as a remote paradise full of splendors that only the motherland can provide. It’s a country rich with culture that its children are proud to share. Too bad that negligence from government keeps the industry a blip on the economic charts.
Sustainable tourism provides jobs in local communities and encourages more spending there. It’s also an economic incentive to help preserve cherished vanishing cultures, such as Mongolia’s nomadic traditions. Conversely, mining tends to benefit only a small portion of a population. Too much reliance on resources typically results in appreciations of the local currency and deteriorating competitiveness in all other sectors – a phenomenon known as “Dutch” disease.
By most accounts, tourism in Mongolia has been a drag in 2014. Government figures have shown that the number of people entering on tourist visas was about 8.5 percent less in the first seven months of 2014 than last year. That total number of visitors during the 2014 period was 210,587.
However, because many people enter the country to look for work or other reasons unrelated to tourisms, that figure alone is unreliable. Financial reports from the publically traded Genco Tour Bureau show earnings were down 22% for the first half of the year. Tsedevdamba Oyungerel, Mongolia’s Minister of Tourism, Sport and Culture, confirms that tourism is down from past years, saying “July was quite a successful month. But only July. June wasn’t successful and August was not good either.”
Roughin’ it
The services found in Mongolian tourism leave most travelers wanting more. A lack of roads makes travel overly long and sometimes perilous at night when there is little-to-no visibility. Although the government plans to have paved roads built between the capital and every province next year, there still won’t always be routes between provinces.
“The quality of roads is really bad—its bumpy with many potholes. Really government should do something about the roads,” said Unbrakh Tsetsenbileg, a sales manager who has also worked as a tour guide during her four years at Juulchin World Tours.
Air travel is also unreliable at best, she said. It is common to book flights weeks in advance, only to learn the day of your flight that it has been cancelled.
Oyungerel and Tsetsenbileg both think tourist companies must find ways to intrigue more potential travellers through marketing and promotion. That’s why the Tourism Ministry has spent most of this year’s budget on its partnership with the ITB Berlin trade show to help build up a network with travel companies around the world.
But actions like last year’s attempt by the Ulaanbaatar Citizens’ Council to ban the use of foreign languages on signs outside buildings are hurting the industry. Oyungerel said she took a loud stand against the movement that arose because locals felt their capital looked too much like “a foreign country.” Her argument that the signs were helpful to foreign guests prevailed.
One of the country’s largest tourism draws, the Mongol Rally, fared less well amid similar hostility, however. The event’s organiser, The Adventurist, will for the first time since launching the driving marathon 10 years ago end it at a new location, according to event manager Katy Willings. 2015’s brave motorists will travel 10,000 miles from Britain across Europe and Eurasia to finish at the capital of another Mongol nation, Ulan Ude in Russia’s Buryatia Republic.
Once a significant source of revenue for the government, this year will also be the first time rally cars will be shipped out of Mongolia back to Europe, rather than donated or sold. “New policy: no car left behind. We’re never going to import another car to Mongolia,” said Willings.
Local newspapers decried the Mongol Rally as a public nuisance and an excuse for super-charged young foreign travelers to leave junked cars in the developing country. To the contrary, Willings says the cars are all refurbished and must pass inspection before being sold or donated. Proceeds from sales that exceeded The Adventurist’s own expenses were donated to charity, said Willings.
Strained relations with the Mongolian government made organizing the event more trouble than it was worth, she said, so participants will not even have to drive through Mongolia anymore to finish. For Mongolia, that means no customs duty, VAT, excise tax, and sales tax on hundreds of cars. Worse still are the lost dollars that would have been spent by the rallyers in Mongolia during their travels.
Rolling the dice on casinos
Oyungerel at the Tourism Ministry is now hoping to legalise gambling to create new attractions for the country. She says she expects to see parliament vote on a law that would allow for a horse racing track. She is also preparing a second bill that would allow for a casino.
“The legalization of gambling, if done in a responsible way, would be a major positive for Mongolia’s economic growth and create an industry that is larger than the current mining based economy,” said Harris Kupperman, chairman of the real estate development firm Mongolia Growth Group. “With over one billion potential customers in China alone, the legalisation of gambling would allow Mongolia’s tourist sector to mirror Macao’s growth over the past decade.”
And The Adventurist, which encourages its clients to get “lost and in trouble,” hasn’t abandoned Mongolia either. It will continue to host the Mongol Derby in Mongolia – a 1,000 kilometer horse race that replicates the journey of the postal riders that delivered messages for the 13th Century Mongol Empire. The event employs herders to provide the horses for the race. Mongolia’s horse culture also lends more affection to the event for Mongolians, said Willings.
But the real challenge Oyungerel and tour groups will have to manage will be improving the industry without wiping away the rugged veneer that makes Mongolia such a special place to visit in the first place. “There is a beauty about that,” says Oyungerel, about the uncertainty in Mongolia that all at once is a cause for frustration and awe for visitors. “Those who travel to Mongolia should expect some spontaneity. If they live by a set schedule they should come to Mongolia and leave behind their schedule for some days.”

Inclusive Economic Growth
By D. Jargalsaikhan
October 23 (Mongolian Economy) We Mongolians have translated the phrase "inclusive economic growth" to mean accessible, wide, involved, and inclusive economic growth, and make use of it when discussing economic and social government policies. As it means the equal opportunity for representatives from all levels of society to participate in economic growth it is more appropriate to call it inclusive economic growth.
Equal opportunity first and foremost means equal opportunities for market entry, use of resources, and the same business environment. Inclusive growth means finding jobs to increase the incomes of poor and low-income citizens and as such is a relatively long term concept.
Stable economic growth requires inclusive growth. Inclusive economic growth is not an easy process because economic growth sometimes brings negative side effects such as corruption and significant differences in income. Mongolia currently is a clear example of this. Our amazing economic growth of 17% in 2011 was enough to astound the world but the livings standards of the citizens did not rise accordingly. The percentage of people living on less than $1.25 is 27%, having dropped only 2% since 2000. Even though the economy is almost fully dependent on the mining, price, and sales of mineral resources only 5% of the work force is employed in that sector. Roughly half the population of working age is unemployed and the gap between the rich and poor is steadily increasing. Ulaanbaatar is home the more than half the nation's population and yet 60% of its residents do not have access to basic sanitation. And because the economy is "tripping" with stalled mining growth, increased inflation, and a devalued currency the ranks of the poor are looking to expand once again.
The gap between rich and poor is usually high for countries in the process of switching to democracy and a market economy but it is assumed that it will decrease with economic growth. Nobel Prize winning economist Kuznets said in 1955 that this gap provided the rich with the opportunity to amass enough wealth and expand their businesses and through this investment the economy would grow. President of the World Bank Jim Yong Kim recently announced that poor citizens must have an opportunity to share in the economic benefits. Only by sharing in these benefits will the living standards of all levels of society go up not just those of the poorest citizens (40% of the population) or certain wealthy citizens. Sharing in economic benefits means increasing the incomes of the poor, creating jobs, as well as providing access to education, food, water, and medical services.
The main issue is in how. The answer provided by the World Bank states that this is possible by increasing human capital, establishing a good social benefits structure, creating jobs, rewarding private enterprise, as well as creating and following stable financial and environmental policies.
The answer from the European Development Bank can be seen from the conclusions of the "Transition Report 2013". It says that for countries switching to democracy and a market economy to reach the living standards of Western Europe the effectiveness of the reforms needs to be increased, in order to do this they need to enter into international integration, development domestic leadership, start a wider movement for fair and democratic society. The result of this study done in many different countries shows that the effectiveness of the transition is directly dependent upon the level of democracy, human capital development, and economic participation.
In any case, researchers in development organizations agree that in order to provide inclusive economic growth there are four factors that must occur simultaneously: accelerate political and economic reforms, strengthen the reforms of political and economic institutions, invest in human capital, and provide equal opportunities for economic participation in all levels of society.
Of these factors, in Mongolia the most challenging one, which is lagging behind the others, is the performance ability of state run organizations. The root of most development issues lies in the fact that the political parties that win elections though corruption and rise to political power are not able to manage other affairs quite so well. Mongolia is in dire need of a wide, public movement to fight corruption, and hold accountable those parties responsible for the abuse of public funds for their own benefits.
For inclusive growth Mongolia needs to support private enterprise, and put a stop to the multiple government subsidies and price ceilings, and implement a fair, simple and predictable economic and legal environment. Inclusive growth will be present in Mongolia when everybody has an equal rights and opportunities to receive education, run a business in line with personal aspirations, as well as work hard and amass wealth.
Only at that time will President Ts. Elbegdorj's words to stop the "government skimming all the cream and citizens to fighting over the remains" from his "To an Intelligent State" talk come true. It is right that every citizen should participate in economic growth.

2014 Harvesting Finished across Country
October 23 (infomongolia.com) This year's weather for agricultural industry was pleasant and the Ministry of Industry and Agriculture announces that the 2014 harvest across the country was finished on October 20, 2014.
The preliminary results of the 2014 harvest shows high performances compare to previous years and it was collected a total of 491.7 thousand tons of crop from 310.2 thousand ha, of which 465 thousand tons of wheat, 161.0 thousand tons of potato from 13.3 thousand ha, and 102.5 thousand tons of other vegetables from 8.3 thousand ha respectively.
In other words, an average quintal or centner (100 kg) of crop collected is 15.8 ql. Per ha; 121.0 ql. of potato, and 123.3 ql. of other vegetables.
Moreover, officials say 1,250 soldiers and over 800 students were involved in 2014 harvesting and it was preserved 42.3 thousand tons of seeds for 2015 cultivation, and supplied 28.5 thousand tons of crop to Agriculture Production Support Fund (Crop Production Supporting Fund) and over 250 thousand tons to mill factories.

Permanent Mission to UN Holds Discussion about Co-Operatives
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) The Permanent Representative Office of Mongolia to the United Nations (UN) held an event themed “Development Goals Beyond 2015 and Co-operatives” on October 21 in New York, USA.
Co-organized with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Co-operatives Alliance (ICA), the event gathered representatives from over 20 countries that actively conduct Co-operatives such as Brazil, Finland, Canada, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Africa, Japan, Malaysia, Sweden and Switzerland, and from the FAO, the ECOSOC, the International Labour Organization, and the World Food Programme. The permanent representative of Mongolia to the UN, ambassador O.Och has chaired the event.
Globally, some 250 million people make their living based on co-operatives, which are considered to be the most human-centered and democratic form of agricultural farming.
The participants of this meeting solidly agreed that co-operatives greatly contributed in implementations of the Millenium Development Goals and that it has to be reflected to the Development goals beyond 2015. They have decided to seek possibilities to include the matters of co-operatives to the document’s sections about approaches to implement goals on reducing poverty, and on agriculture, food security and sustainable development, or to coordinate them to the issues of development financing.
In frames of the UNGA resolution on Roles of Co-operatives in Social Development, initiated by Mongolia, year 2012 was announced as the Year of International Co-operatives, and this year has been named as the Year to promote Family Farming, by the FAO.

Minister of Labour Works at “11 11” Center
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) Some 39 thousand and 100 people have been employed in frames of a goal of the Ministry of Labour to provide about 50 thousand people with job places, and some 150 thousand people have been provided with temporary vacancies.
It was said by Ya.Sanjmyatav, the Minister of Labour, at the “11 11” center on Wednesday. Moreover, 6,250 people had professions, and they have been employed in various companies through trilateral contracts, within a programme on preparing trained work force.
In first quarter of 2012, the unemployment rate was 10.3%, and it declined to 7.3% this year thanks to maintaining a policy on augmenting job places, the Minister said, adding that the number of people working abroad has decreased.
Regarding the salary and pension matters, the Minister reported that the minimum size of salary is MNT 192 thousand so far, and this size will be re-fixed in the next year by a decision of the Trilateral national committee of labour and social agreement.
Employers usually require its new employees to have 2-3-year work experience, so new graduated employees from higher education organizations always face the problem to be employed.
“In times of high competitiveness at the labour market, companies require high skills from employees, so they choose those who had work experience of many years in order to run their business successfully. This is not unfair to blame them for it,” the Minister emphasized. Then he reported that the Ministry is implementing some programmes for giving work experience to newly graduated people.

Speaker Z.Enkhbold to Visit China
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) The Speaker of parliament Z.Enkhbold will leave for China on October 27 to pay an official visit to the country.
In frames of the forthcoming visit, the Speaker will sign a document on strengthening the permanent cooperation between the legislative bodies to the countries. Cooperation contracts between the governmental organizations and entities will be inked as well.
The Speaker has underlined an importance of quick and effective works of the cabinet for realizing agreements which were signed between the countries during high-level visits.

Nextgen to Hold Discussion on Mongolia’s Economic Opportunities
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) A discussion titled “Developing China and Mongolia-China Relations” is to be held Thursday at 7.00 pm in Blue Sky Hotel. The event was initiated by “NextGen”, the young professionals’ union, and will be attended by M.Batchimeg MP and economist B.Dolgoon.
This year has been a remarkable year for Mongolia’s foreign relations, as the president of China Xi Jinping and the president of Russia Vladimir Putin have made visits to our country. Member of the Parliament M.Batchimeg will share her views on the contexts of these visits and the perspectives of Mongolian foreign policy development.
Mongolia is highly dependent on the economies of its two neighboring countries, having been performing nearly 80 percent of the total international trades with China (61%) and Russia (15%) by the third quarter of 2014. On the changes that occur in China’s economy, and opportunities they provide for Mongolia, the economist B.Dolgoon will exchange ideas at the discussion.

Announcement of the appointment of a new independent member of the Board of Governors of Golomt Bank
Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia), 21 October 2014. (Golomt Bank)
The Board of Governors of Golomt Bank LLC (“Golomt Bank”) today announced the appointment of Mr. Antonio López Abelló as an Independent Governor, effective immediately. Mr. López Abelló’s appointment, expands the Board of Governors of Golomt Bank to six directors, two of them independent.
Mr. López Abelló’s appointment was formalized following the approval by the Bank of Mongolia, Mongolia’s central bank.  
Mr. López Abelló is a career banker with two decades of experience with leading investment banks in Singapore and London.  At present, Mr. López Abelló is the managing partner of Turms Advisors LLP, a Singapore-based investment banking firm, which specializes in providing financial advice to corporations, institutional investors and high net worth individuals focused on Southeast Asia & Mongolia.  Prior to founding Turms Advisors in 2009, Mr. López Abelló held senior roles in fixed-income and equity structuring at Credit Suisse, Goldman Sachs and Paribas. 
Mr. López Abelló is in possession of a Law degree from the University of Barcelona (Spain) and an MBA from IESE Business School.  He is a qualified lawyer (Barcelona Bar) and a certified financial analyst (CEFFAS).

Peace Studies in XXI Century and Mongolia
October 23 (infomongolia.com) The First International Scientific Conference themed "Peace Studies in the XXI Century and Mongolia" will be organized in Ulaanbaatar at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Economic Cooperation on October 24, 2014.
The event is being organized welcoming celebration of the 70th Anniversary of UNESCO in 2014 and the World Science Day for Peace and Development (November 10).
This International Conference will be focused on current studies of International Peace as well as roles and participations of the international organizations such as the United Nations, state and peace in Northeast Asia, and Mongolia’s current status and development in peace research.
At the Conference scholars and experts from Northeast Asia Regional Peace Building Institute (Japan), National University of Buryatia (Russia), Canadian Mennonite University (Canada), Northeast Asia Regional Peace Building Institute (South Korea), Liaoning University (China) and Mongolian representatives of Academy of Sciences, Mongolian National Commission for UNESCO, Ministry of Defense, Institute for Strategic Studies, and National University of Mongolia will be attending and the opening remarks will be presented by Resident Representative of the UNDP in Mongolia Mrs. Sezin Sinanoglu.
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Kern von Hagen, D.Orgilmaa awarded with education sector’s order and honorary
October 23 (Oyu Tolgoi) On 14 October, Oyu Tolgoi commissioned the Polytechnic College school building and dormitory in Dalanzadgad, South Gobi. This facility for 180 engineering and trade students includes a new classroom building and a dormitory for 108 students, as well as a power substation. Oyu Tolgoi spent US$3.5 million on this project. During the handover ceremony, the company's Senior training manager Kern von Hagen was awarded with the Mongolian Senior Teachers Association award - Order of “Teacher’s Merit" and Training department superintendent D.Orgilmaa was awarded with honorary title "Honorary education sector service worker." They were awarded these honours in recognition of their valuable contribution to development and reform of Mongolian education sector.

Tsogtbaatar Wins Silver at World Judo Championship
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) At the Junior World judo Championship began on October 22 in Florida of the USA, a Mongolian judoka Ts.Tsogtbaatar won silver medal in his category men’s 60 kg, on the first day of the tournament.
The same day, B.Amartuvshin and G.Battulga both grabbed bronze medals in men’s 55 kg category.  Mongolia has sent judokas of the national junior team, who are coached by trainers D.Batsaikhan and Sh.Tsevelmaa.
A bronze-medalist of World Championship, and a silver and bronze medalist of Asian Championship Ts.Tsogtbaatar had a bye at his first bout, and then defeated Carvalo Vittor form Brazil with Yuko, and had a clear win over the next bouts with Gonzalez Steven from Puerto Rico and Sadigov Mekhman from Azerbaijan.
He reached the final match by beating a South Korean opponent at the semi-final, and was defeated by Garrigoz Francisco from Spain at the finals.  

N.Altantsetseg wins gold at Incheon 2014 Asian Para Games
October 23 (news.mn) Mongolian judoka N.Altantsetseg won the Mongolian team's first gold medal in the women's -78 kg event at the Incheon 2014 Asian Para Games, on October 22nd.
N.Altantsetseg defeated Thailand's Nantharak Methawadee in the final tournament for the gold medal on the fourth day of the Games. On the same day, L.Erdenebileg in men's 90 kg event and B.Khashtsetseg in the women's 70 kg event won bronze medals.
In addition to Wednesday's victories, so far, Mongolian judokas have triumphed with a silver medal won by B.Uugankhuu in the men's 60 kg event, bronze by A.Munkhbat in the men's 66 kg event, L.Erdenebileg's bronze in the men's 90 kg, B.Bolortungalag's bronze in the women's 48 kg event, and B.Khashtsetseg earned bronze in the women's 70 kg event. Z.Ganbaatar won bronze in the men's 50 m rifle prone and G.Tsogtgerel took bronze in women's shot put F57, bringing Mongolia's medal count to eight, so far.
Mongolian shooter Z.Ganbaatar, who won bronze on the first day of the Games is the first Mongolian athlete to qualify for the Rio 2016 Olympics.

Mongolia to provide over 100,000 tons of beef to Russia
October 23 (news.mn) Mongolia is ready to increase beef export to Russia by up to 10 times, making plans to export nearly 110 thousand tons.
Currently, the country provides 10 to 11 thousand tons of beef to Russia per year.
If Mongolia can provide this amount of beef, it would be the of Russia's main beef providers. Mongolia exported such amounts of meat to Russia in the past, but exports were halted following a ban in response to the spread of infectious animal disease in Mongolia in 2010.
Russia believes that Mongolia's meat product exports will fill in the gap for high cost meat exports from Brazil and South America.  If Mongolia can provide 100,000 tons of meat to Russia, it would make up almost 15 to 20 percent of Russia's meat imports.
Latin American countries currently dominate 80 percent of Russia's meat market.
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Being LGBT in Asia: Mongolia Country Report Launched
October 23 (infomongolia.com) On October 22, 2014, the launching event for Being LGBT in Asia: Mongolia Country Report was held at the UN House in Ulaanbaatar, where representatives of UNDP, USAID, Embassy of the United States in UB, Mongolian National Human Rights Commission, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism as well as other public and NGOs have participated.
This is Mongolia’s first report assessing the challenges for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities reveals they still face discrimination despite significant government policy changes that protect their rights. There is still societal homophobia and transphobia and LGBT people encounter social stigma and even violence in various settings such as families, employment, health care and public areas.
At the launching of the report, Sezin Sinanoglu, Resident Representative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Mongolia said in opening remarks, “United Nations is committed to fighting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Human beings cannot benefit from development progress if their lives are defined by inequity, exclusion, and policies which treat them as less than equal. LGBT people need to be given the opportunities to participate in and benefit fully from development”.
The ”Being LGBT in Asia: Mongolia Country Report” - a joint analysis by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the UNDP - highlights how there is very little published literature about diverse sexual orientation and gender identity issues in Mongolia. A broader human rights discourse, including on LGBT rights, began to emerge only after the country’s transition to a democratic system in 1992.
“Realizing an end to stigma and discrimination against LGBT people is an important part of America's human rights goals globally. Truly sustainable development requires the broadest possible participation from all parts of any country's communities, including the LGBT community”, noted the U.S. Ambassador to Mongolia, Mrs. Piper Campbell.
This landmark report is the first comprehensive review and analysis of Mongolia’s legal and social environment on LGBT issues in the country. It encompasses in-depth research and findings and recommendations from the National LGBT Community Dialogue convened in Ulaanbaatar in March 2014.
According to the report, Mongolia was the first country in Asia to integrate LGBT issues in the sex education curriculum for schools in 1998. Despite this progress, Mongolian LGBT people live in a society where there is strong pressure to marry a person of the opposite sex and have children and those who do not are socially isolated and can face discrimination at work. A vast majority of Mongolia’s LGBT people remain in the closet, fearful of social stigma and discrimination. Suicidal thoughts among LGBT youth in the country are alarmingly high.
The report states that sex changes can be noted on birth certificates and citizen identity documents based on an amendment to the Civil Registration Law in 2009. In addition, revisions to the HIV law in 2012 introduced privacy protections for people living with HIV. Marriage, however, is still defined as a union between a man and a woman barring lesbian and gay people from marrying, adopting children or jointly owning property. The majority of LGBT people in a survey also reported experiencing abuse from law enforcement personnel including blackmail and violence. Instances of severe violence towards LGBT people from ultra-nationalist groups and others have also been recorded.
The Mongolia country report was produced as part of the ‘Being LGBT in Asia’ initiative launched on Human Rights Day in December 2012. It seeks to promote understanding of the fundamental challenges LGBT people face and help organizations in Asia document the progress being made in anti-discrimination efforts. It also makes a series of recommendations that are designed to complement the findings in different topical areas.
‘Being LGBT in Asia’ is a regional collaboration between USAID, the UNDP and LGBT civil society. Other UN agencies such as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UNAIDS and USAID country missions have also partnered with the initiative in individual countries. It is currently being implemented in Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Thailand, the Philippines and Viet Nam.

“Minister’s 30 Minutes” Press Conference Hosts Health Minister N.Udval
October 23 (infomongolia.com) On October 23, 2014, the regular "Minister's 30 Minutes" press conference was held that usually takes place every Thursdays and today the Minister of Health N.Udval hosted the meeting.
Minister N.Udval reported the measures being carried out on prevention of Ebola virus disease (EVD) and said, “As of October 19th, there have been 10,002 EVD cases and 4,926 deaths were reported in the countries of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, Spain, USA and Congo, of which 443 medical personnel. In the past 7 days, 717 new EVD cases are registered, of which 322 died.
Mongolia’s National Security Council publicized a Recommendation in August 2014, after which the Ordinance of the Health Minister to issue the Surveillance and Response Guidelines was also released. Accordingly, the Cabinet agreed to allocate 477 million MNT (Tugrug) for prevention measures and preparedness work.
Afterwards, the National Emergency Management Agency in association with the Ministry of Health have established a working group to monitor the EVD outbreak.
The World Health Organization has been spending over 160 million MNT for diagnostic test kit, protective clothing, tools, and for mass media precaution.
Moreover, the National Center of Communicable Diseases has been organizing trainings, workshops as well as warnings, manuals, posters and issued recommendations for visitors and information to the public and prepared professional 4 teams and reserved 50 beds”.
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Mongolians consult with reps of NWS
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) A delegation of Mongolia held a meeting on Wednesday with representatives of the Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) who are taking part in works of the First Committee of the UN General Assembly on Disarmament and International Security Committee.
Mongolia and the NWS exchanged views on a content of a resolution to be issued by the General Assembly regarding the Mongolia’s nuclear weapon-free status, therefore the parties concurred to consult a matter on adding an amendment to the GA resolution in accordance with the NWS joint declaration of 2012 on the nuclear weapon-free status of Mongolia.
Mongolia has put forward a proposal to reflect the declaration’s concept in the UN’s resolution.

Herders provided with opportunities for grazing livestock in new pastures
October 23 (Oyu Tolgoi) - Work to dig wells and repair watering points conducted in three soums -
Umnugobi, Mongolia - Local authorities and herder cooperatives in Khanbogd, Manlai, and Bayan-Ovoo are working with Oyu Tolgoi to dig, repair, and upgrade wells in underutilised pasture areas. This programme is in its fourth year, and improvements to the local water supply have opened up new opportunities for herders to graze their animals. For example, 27 hand-dug and 12 deep wells were repaired and restored in 2013.
Sh.Baigalmaa, Oyu Tolgoi LLC’s General Manager for Social Performance said, “Increasing the number of watering points and improving pasture water supply is a vital issue for herders in the Gobi region. For this reason, Oyu Tolgoi, in cooperation with soum Governor’s offices, launched this successful effort based on the initiative and participation of herders."
After the work on wells is completed, herders take responsibility for the wells’ on-going protection and maintenance.

Para Judo teams win gold and bronze medals
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) On the fifth day of Asian Paralympic Games on Thursday, the Mongolian national teams of men's and women's judo grabbed gold medal and bronze medals.
The women's team won a gold medal in the team contest by defeating India 's team at the finals. In the preliminary rounds, Mongolia beat its rivals of Thailand and China. The men's team captured a bronze medal in the team bout.
For the time being, Mongolia has grabbed 11 medals in the events of judo, shooting and athletics.
The national judo teams, which brought the largest number of medals so far, are being by trainers Ch.Bazarsuren and B.Narantuya.
As of present, a bronze medalist shooter of the Games Z.Ganbaatar has become the first athlete of Mongolia to be qualified to compete in the “Rio De Janeiro 2016” Paralympic Games.

Oyu Tolgoi reserves re-estimated
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) Oyu Tolgoi LLC recently has re-fixed the reserves of its group deposits, and approved it by the Professional Council of Minerals based on the results of explorations conducted in 2009-2014 on Oyu Tolgoi group deposits: Oyut, Heruga and Hugo North.
According to the document, the geological reserves at the group deposits of Oyu Tolgoi were estimated at 6.5 billion tons of ore, containing 44 million 495 thousand tons of copper, 1.9 thousand tons of gold and 205 thousand tons of molybdenum. The efficient (also known as exploitable riches) reserves have been estimated at only 3.4 billion tons, according to the 2010 feasibility study of Oyu Tolgoi LLC.
As of the preliminary economic study basing on the new estimation of reserves, the net value of the project amounts to USD 6.1 billion, and the coverage of the first-round investment is estimated to be nine years, presented the company to the Minerals’ Council. the study is based on the assumption of copper price - 3.08 US dollars per pound, gold price – 1274 US dollars per ounce, silver price – 21.46 US dollars per ounce and molybdenum price – 12.42 US dollars per pound.

Parade of wrecked cars warns the public about road safety
By M. Zoljargal
October 23 (UB Post) Police in Ulaanbaatar led a parade of emergency vehicles, hearses, and trucks loaded with cars destroyed in traffic accidents down Peace Avenue on Wednesday, to remind the public of the consequences of careless driving.
The cars were involved in accidents resulting from text messaging while driving, driving in oncoming traffic lanes, and driving while intoxicated. The organizers hoped to let the public understand what careless driving can lead to, including asset damage and death.
“We tried to show people how residents are having their lives and assets ruined in traffic accidents. It is almost impossible to prevent such accidents by just reporting statistics. The accident rate is still rising despite our many efforts. That is why we are visually ‘teaching’ the public why they shouldn’t ignore traffic regulations,” said E.Enkhbold, official of the Prevention Division at the Ulaanbaatar City Traffic Police Department.
The line of cars set off from the Officer’s Palace at 10:00 a.m. and drove down Peace Avenue to its final destination at Dragon Center.
A photo exhibition displaying the most harrowing traffic accidents which occurred in October of this year was also opened at Dragon Center.
More than 500 volunteer students followed the parade and handed out materials about traffic regulations, while, traffic accident victims were present to voice their regrets and warn others about repeating their mistakes.
The Ministry of Justice, General Police Department, and Traffic Police Department worked together on this effort to minimize traffic accidents, and as part of their recent decision to observe October 22 as a Day Dedicated to Traffic Accident Victims.
Over 100 policemen donated blood this week for the victims of traffic accidents as part of the remembrance day.
Over the past 15 years, there were 5,047 traffic related fatalities, and 12,000 more individuals became physically disabled from injuries suffered in traffic accidents, according to an unofficial report by Unuudur.

2015 monetary policy under review
By Ch. Khaliun
October 23 (UB Post) On Wednesday, state monetary policy for 2015 was discussed during the meeting of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on the Economy.
Beginning the meeting, the president of Mongol Bank gave a speech, introducing the details on the external and internal environment for implementing monetary policy, policy implemented from 2013 to 2014 and its results, and introducing a draft on basic directives of monetary policy for 2015.
In the past five financial quarters, the terms for foreign trade have significantly declined as well as foreign direct investment, which resulted in a 6.1 trillion MNT lack of estimated financial resources in 2013.
During 2013 and 2014 Mongol Bank and its Monetary Policy Council implemented many programs and projects in an effort to stabilize the economy, mitigating the problem of the balance of payments, supporting balanced economic growth, and protecting the economic sector from further risk.
Mongol Bank believes that improving the external flow of currency, will significantly decrease the prices of imported goods and the prices of some domestic products, which will decrease inflation by seven percent and help the economy become more stable.
The policy is focused on fostering the increased savings of the middle class. The number of households with savings has grown to 61,000, two times the number recorded last year.
Proponents of the 2015 policy say that the increase of middle class savings will be an important factor in the steady mid to long term economic growth.
Because foreign direct investment has not recovered as hoped, the balance of payments pressure is not disappearing, which influences slow economic growth, high inflation, the slowdown of credit approval, and a lack of resources in the economic and financial sectors, according to Mongol Bank.
The monetary policy for 2015 intends to provide external economic balance, keeping inflation at a low and stable level, strengthen economic stabilization, and create an environment for balanced and sustainable medium to long term economic growth.
Another important issue discussed during the meeting was the urgent creation and implementation of the government’s comprehensive external debt service plan.
This will provide the opportunity to appropriately plan estimated sources of foreign debt repayment, funding the state budget in relevance with other economic policies.
Meeting attendees also noted that the economy should not be too dependent on the significantly fluctuating mining sector.
Around 90 percent of the Mongolian economy has been dependent on the minerals sector for many years, and it has negatively influenced the nation’s economic competitiveness, poor savings, created negative attention in foreign markets, and weakened economic immunity.
The current economic crisis is also tied to mining, so decreasing the nation’s dependence on mining and diversifying economic structure are the main challenges facing the Mongolian economy.
The Standing Committee on Economy decided to discuss 2015′s monetary policy during the Parliament’s plenary session.

Smuggled dinosaur fossils return home
By M. Zoljargal
October 23 (UB Post) Twenty-two smuggled dinosaur fossils have been returned to in Ulaanbaatar on Wednesday, after an almost a two-month journey from New York City.
An official ceremony was held to mark the fossils’ return at Tuushin LLC’s monitoring field where several state officials and delegates of co-organizer companies attended.
The government of the United States repatriated the 22 fossils to Mongolian officials in New York on July 14.
Smuggling cases of dinosaur fossils have gained the public’s attention and works to return smuggled historical heritages have been intensified since a smuggled Tyrannosaurus Bataar fossil was returned to Mongolia last year, after it was nearly illegally auctioned off or more than a million USD in the United States.
“We are witnessing a historic day that is welcoming back 22 dinosaur fossils that have been smuggled away. The decision to return the fossils was made almost a year ago, but we had to pass all the legal procedures and government protocols. We signed the sea transport contract and now we are receiving the fossils,” said Minister of Culture, Sport and Tourism Ts.Oyungerel.
The Minister also expressed her gratitude for the companies that cooperated in repatriating and transporting the fossils.
The project group comprised of officials of the Reform in Paleontology and Archaeology Museum of the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism, Tuushin LLC, Bodi Insurance, Ulaanbaatar Metropolitan Police Department, Capital City Customs Office and Central Dinosaur Museum.

It is able to travel around Ulaanbaatar by using internet enabled devices
October 23 (UB Post) In relation to the “Smart Ulaanbaatar” project, Mongolia is cooperating with Google to be included in their Google Maps, Google Street View, Google Culture Institute and Google Art Project in Mongolia. The Google Street View Project for Ulaanbaatar has started two years ago to enable everyone see streets of Ulaanbaatar and even natural landscapes using Google.
Head of the Ulaanbaatar City Information Technology Agency B.Bat-Ulzii gave an interview to Daily news about the project.
Could you give us a brief explanation about using Google Street View on Ulaanbaatar and how people can visit museums, restaurants and other places in the city using the internet?
Ulaanbaatar Governor E.Bat-Uul started this project by requesting to implement the Google projects in Mongolia two years ago. Google Street View simply means the appearance of the streets. In other word, anyone from anywhere can visit over 4,000 cities in 60 countries around the world thanks to the special feature of Google. Pedestrians, cars, buildings and everything will be seen as two dimensional pictures. Also, some museums and public places will be available. It will feel like visiting the places physically.
Will this project only be implemented in Ulaanbaatar?
No, the project covers the entire territory of Mongolia. In order to carry out this project, the special equipment of Google have to be installed in the area to capture the images for the project. For example, specialists took picture of Ulaanbaatar last June and after that they spent two to three months to process the pictures.
Of course, the camera they used was not a simple one. They used specially-equipped cameras for the images.
They took picture of the surroundings using cameras that rotate 360 degrees, but small apparatuses were used to take pictures of Tsonjin Boldog and the other museum’s pictures. In the future, Google specialists will not only work in the city, but also in rural areas. The specialists are able to travel around Mongolia at the end of next year.
You have mentioned that Google Street View project will be beneficial to the tourism sector and economic development. Could you expand on this?
Mongolia became the 61st country that officially joined Google Street View. We are implementing this project ahead of our two neighbors because the capturing work in Russia is incomplete and China banned this project.
I am sure that the project will bring significant improvement in the tourism industry.
Tourists visit Google Street View before travelling to a country. Some surveys show tourists choose their travel by just visiting Google Street View first.
When Mongolia sent an official request to Google, Susan Point, the Asian director of Google said, “I used to think that Mongolia was the same as China, where the communist governance exists and does not permit revealing of information.”
This project features many advantages in tourism security and business development. If we chose to, we can ask Google to give us comprehensive information about reconnaissance. Consequently, we can know when, where and who visited Mongolia’s famous landscapes and Ulaanbaatar streets using the internet.
What about the other Google projects?
Google Culture Institute and Google Art Project are on their initial stages.
How are the projects funded?
Google invested in the projects. In other word, the state or the capital city fund did not invest anything to implement these projects.
How often will the database be updated?
The picture information will be updated every season. If it is necessary, the information can be updated at shorter intervals. But collecting image information and sending them to Google to be processed takes two to three months.
Is it harmful to the privacy of individuals since Google Street View captures everything in the street?
People don’t have to worry about this because the program has a feature that blurs license plate numbers and faces automatically.
Source: Daily News

Mongolia to perform 3D full body scans to create national database
October 23 (UB Post) A comprehensive 3D body scanning technology has been delivered to the Clothing Research Center at the Mongolian University of Science and Technology (MUST). The comprehensive technology was ordered by the Ministry of Industry and Agriculture and funded by the Asian Development Bank.
The Asian Development Bank provided Mongolia with three types of body scanners, which can be used for wide range of purposes, including clothing production, medical treatment, and archeological purposes.
With this technology, Mongolia will be able to create a national database for full body, arm and leg measurements of Mongolians. Categories for Mongolians’ body, arm and leg lengths and shapes will be developed. A national standard of body shape of Mongolians will be established, experts said.
Body measurements of Mongolians were taken in 1985 for manufacturing clothes, according to senior instructor of the Textile Department at the MUST S.Tsetsgee. Mongolians’ body shape changed considerably since then. The 3D measurement is useful for clothing industries for knowing whom they’ll be making clothes for.
Lately, many people have complained about student uniforms not fitting children. This equipment will provide manufacturers with the necessary information. From 3D scan survey results, clothes manufacturers will find out which clothing sizes should be primarily manufactured. Statistics indicate that 80 percent of readymade clothes are imported from China.
MUST teachers received training in South Korea for developing the 3D full body measurements. “Special clothing will be worn during the scanning. Disposable clothing is used in [South] Korea. It takes 30 minutes to scan a person,” clarified S.Tsetsgee.
She also mentioned that there are financial difficulties for conducting these scans in Mongolia. Some people will definitely question as to why they must get scanned. In South Korea, to develop a national standard, people receive 50,000 KRW for contributing and giving data about their body measurements. South Korea mainly scans groups that are willing to form campaigns such as students and soldiers to cut down on scanning expenses. People of specific age groups, suitable for representing the population, are included in sample surveys.
Department Head of the School of Industrial Technology and Design at the MUST D.Tumenbold provided extensive information about how 3D measurements are used in life.
He explained that “3D scanners provide 3D images, which is input into computers, and used for conducting all types of measurement. A full body scan is beneficial for manufacturing clothes of appropriate sizes. Measurements will also be used for producing furniture such as chairs, tables and closets, as well as other articles used by people.”
D.Tumenbold was excited about the possibility of producing comfortable horse saddles with data acquired from surveys.
When asked about other usages of 3D survey, he replied, “A database can be created with the comprehensive 3D body scanners. The equipment can be useful for industries and robot technologies. The collected measurement data will be practical for manufacturing prosthetic arms and legs. This sort of technology is necessary for sports. When playing golf, the strongest player doesn’t hit the ball farthest. Hitting from the right spot from the right angle with the right power is the key. The 3D data is used for teaching golf. Everyone has a different body build and depending on their build, suitable angles differ. After people get scanned with the same scanners, coaches give advice on techniques. These measurements can also be applied in medical science. Computed tomography (CT) technology is used for replacing backbones. CT provides 3D scans. If there’s a mistake, healthy bones will grow and grind against artificial bones.”
He informed that it’s possible for people to save their measurement data on file and order custom-made clothing from abroad. Consumers will not have to go through the trouble of personally travelling to foreign countries to give body measurement. Apparently, custom tailors can send videos and show their clients how their new designs would look on customers using 3D models.
According to D.Tumenbold, people were asked to stand on a 3D foot scanner, which determined which leg was under more pressure, during a fall exhibition in South Korea. People who got scanned received custom-made in soles, which is useful for correcting their incorrect posture and stride while increasing their balance. There are people who hobble but if their insoles are adjusted, they can walk properly. D.Tumenbold emphasized irregular walking is harmful to internal organs.
The 3D full body scanning technology is efficient for preserving cultural heritage. News of smuggled dinosaur fossil and people being suspicious about some dinosaur fossil’s authenticity has increased. If a database is consisted with a 3D scanner, Mongolia will easily determine whether certain dinosaur fossils belong to Mongolia.
D.Tumenbold also talked about the 3D scan’s significance for archeology.
“The U.S. research team was able to compromise a virtual autopsy of Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun via x-ray, without dissembling his mummified body. This method is widely used for archeological studies and forensics. Directions and where bullets can be detected from bodies via 3D scans.”
Mongolia will soon begin 3D body scan surveys and develop a national standard, breaking away from the ancient standard. The 3D body scanner will provide an incredible database for researchers who conduct studies related to people. For now, Mongolia is working towards creating its own body measurement.
Source: Daily News

B.Battulga: Mongolians have every good characteristic of Asians and Europeans
October 23 (UB Post) The following is an interview with senior software engineer at Google B.Battulga, highlighting Mongolia’s IT sector, during a short return to Mongolia to organize a meeting with Google Development Group (GDG).
Last week, he organized the meeting where over 100 people attended. Most of the attendees were Mongolian IT amateurs who spoke with B.Battulga’s colleagues from Google about their work.
It was reported that you came to Mongolia to introduce GDG. Can you tell us more about this?
GDG, abbreviation for Google Developers Group, is a gathering for software developers who aren’t related to Google. Basically, it’s a meeting with young people interested in technology. Google supports GDG by some sort of means such as organizing meetings and helping with code inputs. Currently, there are 5,000 software developers in the world. GDG Ulaanbaatar Group was unofficially established two years ago in Ulaanbaatar. This time, we’re working to officially register software developers who joined two years ago.
What did you accomplish through the meeting?
I met with people who will be organizing GDG meetings in the future and people who are interested in GDG. We discussed about some of the issues Mongolian software engineers are facing and ways to resolve them.
Why is joining GDG beneficial for young Mongolian IT specialists?
Despite all of them being based in Mongolia, communication between Mongolian IT developers is very poor. These young people will be able to frequently meet up and resolve even small issues by joining GDG. I consider this as an advantage.
Can you share why you decided to work for Google?
When I had just graduated from university, Google was selected as the most desirable company to work for in both America and South Korea for a couple of years. My initial application and examination was for Google. To attract software engineers, the company visits schools and teaches students about how to fill out application forms for jobs at Google. I found out it was possible to enter by taking examinations when they visited my school.
Google has many departments. Which department do you work at and what does your work consist of?
I work at the search engine system sector. I used to work in the search engine system’s web ranking, where I developed algorithms for ranking the first ten websites that would come out through the search engine. I also worked on search engines that show all sorts of information in summarized form. At the moment, I’m working on a program that predicts user’s next action and provides services accordingly. I worked at Google’s Seoul Office but I recently started working for a different section within the search engine system and had to transfer to the U.S. Office.
How many employees does Google have and how many of them are software engineers?
I’m not sure about the total number of employees. There are probably some ten thousands of employees but almost half of them are software engineers.
What is your rank among software engineers?
I guess a bit higher than the middle rank.
Is there any other Mongolians working at Google?
Apart from me, there aren’t any full-time Mongolian engineers. There were several students who worked for short periods of time.
What is the main criterion for getting promoted at Google?
People vying for promotions are tested twice a year. This examination is taken by selected engineers and committee, not by directors. The examination board checks on people who submitted requests for a promotion and decides who to promote. The main criterion evaluates their leadership, how much they’ve contributed to the company, and how useful their product is to consumers.
In a previous interview, you briefly mentioned that software engineers in your company are unique from other company workers. Can you clarify on this?
Other companies have many procedures and stages such as planning and designing when producing products. It can be said that our company doesn’t have so many procedures. Engineers work on every stage and procedure from production to distribution to consumers.
Can you tell us about opportunities on getting employed at Google? Can Mongolians aspiring to work for Google give the examinations directly?
First, they have to write out their profile and strong points and send it to the company. If they pass, they must give an interview via phone call. If they also pass this stage, they can come to the company and take an exam. It’s possible to give the exam from Mongolia. Students of the National University of Mongolia and the Mongolian University of Science and Technology were informed about this.
How connected are you with fellow Mongolians working in major IT companies such as Apple and Samsung?
I keep in touch with them. Though we don’t meet often, whenever we meet, we discuss about various topics including Mongolian IT development, difficulties [Mongolian] companies are facing, and opportunities for improving Mongolia’s IT sector. I think cooperating and communicating with Mongolians working abroad is an opportunity to mutually help each other and share information.
What would it take to improve Mongolia’s IT sector?
At the moment, it’s impossible to say. Mongolia has the key foundation for developing its IT sector. Generally, there isn’t an obstacle preventing IT sector from developing.
Since you work with the best young people from all countries, you must notice their strengths and weaknesses. Compared to foreigners, what are the strengths of Mongolians?
Europeans focus on individual capabilities so it’s common for individuals to be skilled. Asians are superior with their team work skills. Mongolians, on the other hand, are different from both Europeans and Asians. What I mean to say is that it seems Mongolians possess both of these strengths.
At Google, software engineers of which nation are more skilled?
Overall, it’s hard to find competent software engineers. For instance, when I was working in South Korea, we had to do many interviews to find good software engineers. Even though the population is almost 50 million, it was difficult. Excellent IT companies are being established in America because the ones considered as the best from billions of people in China and India are moving to America. Software engineers of these two countries are followed by European software engineers. The best IT companies are situated in America because the best people selected from three billion people are gathered there.
It seems that we aren’t aware of how influential the mobile revolution is to our lives. How long do you think the mobile revolution will go on?
Any type of change flows fastest in its initial stage. The change will not stop and as it gradually evolves, it will no longer affect people’s lives. I’d like to mention that the mobile revolution is currently in its middle stage of transition. The transition will probably begin to slow down in pace after some time.
Although it’s commendable that Mongolian language was put to Google Translate, it is inadequate. In the future, will it be upgraded and improved?
It probably will be. Google Translate will have to expand its information data somehow to improve languages included in the program. The quality will improve if more input data is inserted.
Thank you for speaking to us. Will you be coming to Mongolia for GDG meetings in the future?
Generally, I do have plans to do so. I want to cooperate on especially working closely and supporting students and IT developers.
Source: Undesnii Shuudan

President congratulates Mongolian athletes who competed in ASIAD
By B. Tungalag
October 23 (UB Post) President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj visited the Mongolian National Olympic Committee on October 21 to award the President’s Prize to Mongolian athletes who competed in the 17th Asian Games, which took place in Incheon, South Korea.
Mongolian athletes performed brilliantly in the Asian Games and won a total of 21 medals, including five gold, four silver and 12 bronze, and ranked in the 16th place among 45 countries.
President Ts.Elbegdorj congratulated the athletes and said, “Today I am very happy to meet with our athletes who successfully participated in the 17th Asian Games. Our state has been paying special attention on supporting sports and we should continue this tradition. Mongolia supported sports not only during the years of socialism, but in the early years of our history. During the Great Mongol Empire, a sporting competition known as Naadam Festival was organized and widely celebrated by the citizens of Mongolia. This tradition has been maintained and widely spread in Mongolia.”
“A country that has a sports tradition remains powerful, even though it has a small population. Through this factor, a country upholds its dignity and reputation. I think that paying attention to supporting sports is not only a duty of some authorities and officials, but also a lifetime commitment for the people who are involved in sports. I reaffirm my commitment to sports to pay close attention to sport and support our athletes,” the President added.
“In 1998, when I was Prime Minister I issued a resolution to grant monetary rewards to athletes. During that time, the situation in Mongolia was difficult. This is one of my key decisions, during my short time of premiership. Also the above-mentioned resolution included the decision to award artists who made achievement in cultural festivals and competitions. I am very grateful that the resolution has always been supported and implemented by the Mongolian governments of all time up until now.”

Cinematographer D.Angarag to bring Hollywood artists
By B. Baatar
October 23 (UB Post) Mongolian cinematographer D.Angarag announced that he will produce a movie called “Precious” with Hollywood artists.
Hollywood artists and D.Angarag met and discussed his movie on October 21. Hollywood cinematographer Peter Gray and writer Dianna Ismail are set to come to Mongolia with D.Angarag in November.
D.Angarag has previously worked on famous Mongolia movies such as “Minii Khursh Chutgur” (My Neighbor is a Devil), “Bodliin Khulgaich” (Thief of the Mind), “Dev” and “Anu Khatan” (Queen Anu).
The cinematographer was also involved in a professional cinematographer’s training by invitation of the American Society of Cinematographers this month.

‘City View’ through the eyes of S.Munkhbaatar
By B. Narantuya
October 23 (UB Post) “City View” is the first solo exhibition by S.Munkhbaatar, featuring 55 artworks of city views and portraits. The exhibition is on view through October 25, at Best Art Gallery.
Artist S.Munkhbaatar was born in 1984, in Uliastai, Zavkhan aimag. He earned his bachelor’s degree in fine arts instruction at the School of Fine Arts and Technology in 2005. At the moment, he is teaching at Ulaanbaatar University.
“City View” is dedicated to the 375th anniversary of our urban city, says S.Munkhbaatar.
In Mongolia, most artists usually work under the theme of modern art, history, installations, wildlife and nature. Visiting this exhibition, the artist gave me a chance to see a simple view of city life through his paintings, one that we mostly see only through photographs. All of his works are painted in watercolor. Watercolor can be a challenging medium for artists, but I think that S.Munkhbaatar uses this technique masterfully.
“I aimed to express my view of the city, streets, ger districts, and simple lives looking through the eyes of an artist. On the other hand, the works that are presented will be historical pieces, by painting a city that develops and changes day by day,” he said. Overall, the works are very simple, presenting the daily lives typical of the city and its people. He used simple, soft colors that make the paintings seem more alive.
I enjoyed all of his work, but one painting, “Morning of Shiniin 1” remained with me.
White Moon, or Tsagaan Sar, is the traditional celebration of Mongols. We have been celebrating this event since the times of Chinggis Khaan. The celebration takes several days and we call the first day of the celebration, “Shiniing 1”. I usually imagine Tsagaan Sar as a celebration that is a very important and delightful event for elders. My grandparents get very excited when the celebration comes around, especially my grandfather. However, I don’t live in a ger district. Staring at that picture, I missed the Tsagaan Sar festivities that I used to celebrate with my grandfather, who left us three years ago. S.Munkhbaatar’s painting made me miss my grandfather and evoked warm memories.

State officials are playing with the budget
October 23 (UB Post) The Mongolian National Audit Office examined state budget spending in 2013. The examination showed that state officials were exceeding the budget amount to be spent on international assignments.
The Democratic Party took most the seats during the last election and established its government. At that time, the Prime Minister said that he would work with his Cabinet members six days a week; if there was anyone who couldn’t tolerate this work load, then they could leave. He also criticized previous governments that passed “corrupt” budgets.
But, in reality, his government was no different.
To clarify, most of the Members of Cabinet exceeded their budgets for international assignments, and Minister of Foreign Affairs L.Bold topped the list.
He overspent the budget by 558 million MNT, which was set at nearly 2.79 billion MNT. (See Table 1.)
The ministry explained this issue and said that the overspending of the budget was because of transportation costs for 40 diplomatic representatives, referring to the account of the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Whether this explanation was true or not, it calmed down taxpayers.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs mostly uses foreign currency to cover transportation costs instead of Mongolian currency. They suggest that they estimated that one USD was equivalent to 1,336 MNT at the time of budget planning, which may have also led to the shortage of funds.
Other ministers exceeded their budgets by 17 million to 93 million MNT.
But not all of the MPs blew through their budgets. Some people, including the PM, conserved their budgets, which is really good news. (See Table 2.)
The head of Parliament talked about prohibiting ministers from going on more than two foreign assignments a year. But Table 1 shows that some ministers’ are exceeding these limitations.
Mid-level officials of the State are playing with state funds more than our ministers.
To point out a recent example, there are several officials in the Civil Aviation Authority who always had international assignments, including B.Gan-Ochir, an administration head, and L.Nergui, a head of the finance and economics department.
They both participated in a two-week conference in France and Italy this February, and recently went to a meeting in Taiwan. At present, they are about to go to Korea, the U.S., and Canada to visit Mongolian students who are studying there.
Also, the senior deputy director of the Civil Aviation Authority, S.Enkh-Amgalan, visited the U.S. and Canada several times at the beginning of this month. But he was recently relieved from his job, which could be seen as a kind of measurement against budget abuses.
In addition to this, the members of the City Representatives Khural went to Brazil to study political experiences, at the same time as the FIFA World Cup. They also had fun with state funds, but due to pressure from oppositional forces, they were required to compensate their expenditures.
At the decision of the Orkhon Province Governor, two department officials went to the USA with an expert and police officer to study experiences in law enforcement. It is interesting, because everyone knows there is a big difference in administration, lifestyle, development, public mindset, and weather between Mongolia and the USA.
It would be a very long list if we mentioned every example of state funds being wasted by public officials as if it were their own money. So, where is the implementation of the law that limits and enforces the conservation of the budget?
Source: Undesnii Shuudan

Stock exchange news for October 23
Ulaanbaatar, October 23 (MONTSAME) At the Stock Exchange trades on Thursday, a total of 1,047 shares of six JSCs were traded costing MNT 14 million 040 thousand and 200.00.
"Talkh chikher” /470 units/, “Gobi” /205 units/, “Tavantolgoi” /155 units/, “Darkhan nekhii” /95 units/ and "Kasu-mandal” /77 units/ were the most actively traded in terms of trading volume, in terms of trading value were "Talkh chikher” (MNT nine million and 400 thousand), "Darkhan nekhii” (MNT one million 757 thousand and 500), “Gobi” (MNT one million and 640 thousand), "Tavantolgoi” (MNT 760 thousand and 500) and "Khasu-mandal” (MNT 315 thousand and 700).
The total market capitalization was set at MNT one trillion 562 billion 742 million 014 thousand and 361. The Index of Top-20 JSCs was 15,576.95, decreasing 50.45 units or 0.32% against the previous day.

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