Saturday, September 13, 2014

Mongolia Brief September 12, 2014 Part I



President Ts.Elbegdorj Arrives in Dushanbe
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, September 12 (MONTSAME) The President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj Thursday arrived in Dushanbe to participate in the 14th Summit of the Council of Heads of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Member States continuing in the capital city of Tajikistan.

Mr Elbegdorj was welcomed by Mr J.Sukhee, the Ambassador of Mongolia to Tajikistan; Mr Kokhir Rasulzoda, the Prime Minister of Tajikistan; and Mr Sirodjidin Aslov, the Foreign Minister of Tajikistan.
After this, the leader of Mongolia was welcomed by his counterpart of Tajikistan in the Palace of Nation in Dushanbe. The two dignitaries noted an active and intensive development of the SCO.
Then our President received Ms Sushma Swaraj, the Foreign Minister of India, to discuss the Mongolia-India relations and actions of the SCO. 

Mongolian President Addresses Russian and Chinese Heads
By B. Khuder/B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, September 12 (MONTSAME) The meeting has run in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, between the President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj, the President of Russia V.Putin and the Chairman of China Xi Jinping.
This unique in terms of content and format meeting took place during the 14th Summit of the Council of Heads of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Member States which kicked off Thursday in Dushanbe.
Mr Elbegdorj thanked his counterparts for meeting with him and for their recent visits to Mongolia. He underlined that these visits were well-timed and fruitful actions having a great historical importance.
“Our trilateral meeting is taking place to discuss the high level Ulaanbaatar Dialogue that aims to expand the trilateral win-win cooperation,” the leader of Mongolia said and presented reasons why this Dialogue should be run in our capital. “Firstly, Mongolia considers a development of friendly relations with its two neighbours as a priority of its foreign policy. There are some vital issues that can be tackled by the three countries, infrastructure and transit transportation including. Secondly, Mongolia is the only country in the world to border China and Russia in terms of geography, which means that it can reach seaports through territories of its neighbours only. Thirdly, Mongolia considers itself as the most reliable and shortest transit and infrastructure junction through which Russia can access Asia from Europe and China can access Europe from Asia,” he said.
Based on these factors, he went on, principles of the trilateral Dialogue come: It would be hosted every three years in the capital of Mongolia; It would be open for public and would  satisfy common principles of the trilateral cooperation, it would consider and decide the trilateral matters, especially regarding transit transportation, infrastructure and the regional issues.
He noted that had delivered these proposal to Mr Xi Jinping and Mr Putin during their recent visits to our country, and said that at this meeting he would like to consider and to reach decisions on three matters: to discuss the above principles and to reach a united position on them; to intensify a process of “General intergovernmental agreement between Mongolia, Russia and China on Railroad Transit Transport”, which was discussed to be settled in the near future, and to organize three working groups’ meeting within 2014 in Ulaanbaatar, the same meeting can be held on research into building “Western Pipeline of Gas” through Mongolian territory; to get supports from China and Russia in Mongolia’s seeking a membership in APEC during its upcoming Summit to be held in Beijing this November. As for the UB Dialogue, a meeting of three vice-ministers of foreign affairs may be organized annually, firstly in Ulaanbaatar within 2014, he said.
He ended his speech believing that “our beneficial cooperation will contribute significantly to not only the three countries’ but also to the regional development”.

President of China Proposes China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, September 12 (MONTSAME) At the meeting with Mongolian and Russian Presidents, the Chairman of People’s Republic of China Mr Xi Jinping has proposed to construct an economic corridor linking China, Mongolia and Russia.
Mr Xi put forward the proposal on Thursday during the 14th Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Highlighting that the development strategies of the three neighboring countries are highly compatible, Mr Xi noted that both Russia and Mongolia have positively responded to China's vision on building an economic belt along the Silk Road.
The Silk Road Economic Belt initiative, proposed by Xi during his visit to Central Asia last year, eyes a revival of the ancient trade route linking China with Central Asia and Europe.
The three countries, Mr Xi pointed out, can dovetail the Silk Road Economic Belt initiative with Russia's transcontinental rail plan and Mongolia's Prairie Road program, and jointly build a China-Mongolia-Russia economic corridor.
On building the corridor, Mr Xi called on the three sides to strengthen traffic interconnectivity, facilitate cargo clearance and transportation, and study the feasibility of building a transnational power grid.
As part of the initiative, Mr Xi also suggested that the three countries beef up cooperation in such areas as tourism, think tank, media, environmental protection, and disaster prevention and relief.
The three countries should deepen cooperation within the framework of the SCO, jointly safeguard regional security, and achieve common development, said the Chinese leader.
On international cooperation, Xi noted that the three countries need to jointly safeguard the basic norms governing international relations, advocate the new security concept of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and collaboration, and jointly promote the political resolution of international disputes and hot issues.
China supports Mongolia's participation in regional affairs, said Xi, inviting Mongolia to participate in the activities China and Russia plan to hold next year to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the victories of the World Anti-Fascist War and the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, as well as the 70th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations.
Noting that the three countries are good neighbors and partners, Mr Xi said the trilateral summit is of great significance to deepening mutual trust, promoting win-win cooperation among the three parties, and pushing forward regional cooperation in Northeast Asia.
He also voiced the belief that the trilateral summit will lay a firm foundation for the development of a closer trilateral relationship.
For his part, Putin said the three countries should enhance exchanges, dialogue and coordination.
China's Silk Road Economic Belt initiative offers important opportunities for trilateral cooperation, the Russian president said, calling on the three sides to combine their development plans and establish a long-term and stable cooperative relationship in the areas of energy, mining and transportation infrastructure construction.
He also called on the three nations, all champions of multipolarization, to make joint efforts in safeguarding regional security and stability.
Meanwhile, the Mongolian president said his country attaches strategic importance to developing closer good-neighborly friendship and cooperation with China and Russia.
Noting that Mr Xi's and Putin's recent visits to Mongolia have advanced Mongolia's ties with China and Russia, Mr Elbegdorj said his country is willing to enhance cooperation with the two countries, especially in the fields of transportation infrastructure interconnectivity and cross-border transportation.
Mongolia is keen on strengthening cooperation with such mechanisms as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and participating in regional affairs, said Mr Elbegdorj.
During the meeting, the three leaders also decided to establish a consultation mechanism at the vice foreign ministerial level to coordinate and promote trilateral cooperation.
They also agreed to hold more trilateral summits in the future if need be.

V.Putin: Cooperation on Building New Railroad Should Be Considered
By B. Amarsaikhan
Ulaanbaatar, September 12 (MONTSAME) At the tripartite meeting, held in Dushanbe with the President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping and the President of Mongolia Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, the Russian leader V.Putin thanked Mr Elbegdorj for his initiative to meet in this format, "and I am sure the President of the People’s Republic of China will confirm this".
"We have recently visited Mongolia with great success. My visit was timed to the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Khalkhin Gol. I would like to note in this connection that Russia and China bore the brunt of the attack from both Nazi Germany and militarist Japan. The events of those years are close to our hearts, despite the fact that they occurred over 70 years ago. Mongolia actively helped the Soviet Union during the Great Patriotic War and we will always remember that.
"Next year we will be marking 70 years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War. I already had the pleasure of inviting the Presidents of the People’s Republic of China and of Mongolia to visit Moscow during these gala events. I would like to confirm my invitation.
"Naturally, the geographic proximity of Mongolia, Russia and China help us implement beneficial long-term projects in infrastructure, energy and mining. We have things to discuss and we find it important, feasible and useful to establish a regular dialogue.
"I would also like to thank Tajikistan for giving us the opportunity to meet in this format today," he said. 
Moreover, Mr Putin stated that all countries gathered in the summit strive for stability in Central and North East Asia, and that the parties should consider trilateral regular dialogue. The Chairman Xi Jinping  suggested the other possible variables, which included organization of the above dialogue during the SCO summits that are held in member countries every year, he added, and suggested that the dialogue can be organized in Russian Ufa, during next year’s summit in July 2015.
Mr Putin supported the President Ts.Elbegdorj’s initiative to organize a meeting of foreign vice-ministers. He considers the organization of the meetings should undergo at the level of Ministries of foreign affairs, as the events increase the frequency of three party meetings. He also addressed several projects on trilateral long-term cooperation, such as cooperation on building new railroad basing on parts of “Ulaanbaatar Railways” joint venture in Russia and China’s territories, and Silk Road project which can be associated with some Russian projects, as well as Steppe Road project.
The Russian President also stated that it is possible to run power-lines through Mongolian territory, if the Mongolian and Chinese sides are interested, and mentioned about possible realization of projects on spheres of environment protection, health service and agriculture.
He ended his speech expressing his belief in the fact that all member of Shanghai Cooperation Organization support to accept Mongolia as an active member of the organization, once our Mongolian friends reach their decisions on this matter.

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