Monday, August 25, 2014

Mongolia Brief August 22, 2014 Part I



Mongolian and Chinese Enterprisers Establish Cooperation Documents
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, August 21 (MONTSAME) Enterprises of the two countries signed Thursday cooperation documents in frames of the state visit of Mr Xi Jinping, the President of the People’s Republic of China to Mongolia.

The “Erdenes Mongol” LLC and the China Railway Engineering Corporation signed a memorandum of mutual understanding on establishing a partnership ties of cooperation. The “Gashuun sukhait” LLC, the Shenhua Group and the China Development Bank (CDB) signed a general agreement on financing the railway of the Gashuun Sukhait-Gants mod border checkpoint.
General agreements on co-implementing project on building two power station of Aduunchuluun and Nariinsukhait with capability of 300 MWT and 195 MWT was established between the “Mongol Alt” LLC and the Harbin Electric International Company Limited; a cooperation contract on a project on constructing 435 km Tavantolgoi and Khangi auro road--between “Nako” LLC and the China Railway Construction Corporation Limited; a memorandum of mutual understanding on constructing the “Erdenetsogt” power station--between the “Erdenetsogt Energy” LLC and the China Power Engineering Consulting Group; and a memorandum on realizing a project on deep processing of coal--between the “Khurmen Energy” LLC and the Kingho Group of Chinese Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.
Moreover, the “Golden Soya Bean” LLC, the “Khojuuliin ekh” LLC and a China’s dairy production company signed a cooperation contract; the “Taliin Mongol Group” LLC and the China’s “Kholonbuir Tourism Group” LLC established a cooperation memorandum.
A cooperation memorandum was established between the “Unicon Group” LLC and the China’s “Kholonbuir Nun Ken Group” LLC; and a contract on founding the “Emeelt progress” LLC to realize a complex project of agriculture--between the “Erdenet progress” LLC, China’s “Dong Yuan” LLC and the Shandong Ayeshan Group.

Presidents of Mongolia and China Call Press Conference
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, August 21 (MONTSAME) After having held official talks, the leader of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj and the President of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) Mr Xi Jinping Thursday called a press conference in the State House.
Mentioning that Mr Xi  is paying the state visit here for the first time as the PRC President, Mr Elbegdorj said the two sides agreed that this visit is a historical one to fortify a present level of the Mongolia-China friendly relations and cooperation and to determine the prospects of the ties.
Mr Elbegdorj noted that the two Presidents held individual meeting and expanded official talks, exchanging views on many issues and reaching concrete agreements. One of the vital matters was a signing of the Declaration on forwarding the bilateral comprehensive strategic partnership.
One of its main principles is to respect each other independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, principles of mutual non-aggression, non-use of force or threatening by force, non-interference in domestic affairs, being equal and mutually-beneficial, co-existing peacefully, and respecting each other way of development, Elbegdorj said.
The parties shall not carry out actions, establish contracts and treaties and join any alliance or group that will threaten the sovereignty, security and territorial integrity of other side. They shall not also allow a third country, organization or group to run such actions in their territories, Mr Elbegdorj highlighted.
This declaration designs fundamentals of the Mongolia-China relations, strengthens an enthusiasm for broadening the bilateral ties, and opens a big opportunity for tackling any matter equally and transparently, he went on. This document expresses an extraordinary and historical importance of the state visit of China’s President, Mr Elbegdorj underlined.
Within Mr Xi’s visit, the governmental organizations and enterprises of the two countries held important talks and agreements, and established some 30 contracts, agreements and memorandums. It expresses a big business content of this visit, the President said.
Highlighting an importance of an establishment of the agreement on railway transit transportation, Mr Elbegdorj said the two countries managed to solve many issues of opening new gates of seaport and railways, size of loads, period of agreements and discount. Moreover, the President emphasized he put forward a proposal to China to create a condition for Mongolia to supply its products to the Chinese market with the most favored nation status and to supply Mongolian dairy products to China without taxes and limit in the first turn.
The President Elbegdorj said the two sides reached agreements to deeply process mineral products and export them, to develop the infrastructure sector especially the railway, and to make specific progress in tackling problems in augmenting the size of transited freight.
The two parties exchanged views about establishing a general agreement on the energy export and import, and reached an agreement to make efforts to make a document on it in 2014. In addition, the sides discussed their willingness to increase the freight size transited by Mongolian territory from Asia to Europe up to 100 million tons by 2020, he went on.
The President Mr Elbegdorj said he is glad because some cooperation issues especially on the economic and trade matter were backed by his Chinese counterpart. 
“There is no sector not involved in the bilateral relations. Furthermore, the matters on justice and law, banking, financing, environment, health, society, education, construction, humanity and the multilateral issues are in the center of our attention. It is a pleasure to say that many projects and programmes will be implemented with China’s participation and support,” Mr Elbegdorj emphasized.
At the end of the press conference, Mr Elbegdorj said he will share views with his Chinese counterpart on international and regional matters. "I am pleased to say that China intends to focus on Mongolia’s goal to become a member of the APEC," he said.

Mongolia and China' Comprehensive Strategic Partnership to Be Refined
By B. Khuder
Ulaanbaatar, August 22 (MONTSAME) The President of Mongolia Mr Ts.Elbegdorj and visiting our country his Chinese counterpart Mr Xi Jinping Thursday signed a joint declaration to upgrade their comprehensive strategic partnership and set a target of expanding two-way trade to USD 10 billion by 2020. The document’s goal is to speed up cooperation in rail and road connectivity, mineral resources development and processing, and finance and many other areas.
Mongolia and China established a good-neighborly partnership of mutual trust in 2003 and elevated the ties to a strategic partnership in 2011. The latest upgrading demonstrated both sides' great attention to the neighborhood and their will to push the ties on to a fast track.
As the declaration says, China agreed to offer sea ports and railway transport access to the landlocked neighbor and help Mongolia finance a number of projects in medical care, education, railroad and residential community construction.
Apart from this, the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding on setting up an economic cooperation zone and a deal on currency swap. In addition, China’s side promised to support Mongolia creating a better environment for attracting foreign investment and help it joining the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APRC) mechanism and actively engaging in East Asian cooperation.
The parties agreed to carry forward economic cooperation for the benefit of both countries and peoples and realize common development, according to the joint declaration.
All these agreements will inject fresh impetus into the trade between China and Mongolia, which stood at 324 million dollars in 2002 but surged to nearly 6 billion dollars in 2013.
Just as Mr Xi stressed in a signed article published Thursday with the title of "Galloping Toward a Better Tomorrow for China-Mongolia Relations," neighbors are dearer than distant relatives.
"Mongolia enjoys vast land and abundant resources. China is growing rapidly and is strong in capital and technology, making it possible to provide all-round support for Mongolia in capital, technology, logistics and market," he noted in the article.
During the bilateral talks on Thursday by the Presidents, Mr Xi put forward four-point proposal during talks with his Mongolian counterpart.
First, Mr Xi called on the two countries to enhance political and security cooperation.
Xi said he is willing to maintain communication with Elbegdorj through various channels on major issues of common concern, and invites Elbegdorj to attend a dialogue among China's partners on the sidelines of the informal leaders' meeting of APEC due to be held in Beijing in November.
China appreciates Mongolia's correct stand on issues related to Taiwan and Tibet, and supports the legislatures, diplomatic bodies, political parties and defense departments of the two countries to establish and bring into full play the dialogue and communication mechanisms between them.
Second, Xi urged the two sides to comprehensively expand practical cooperation.
The Chinese president asked the two countries to continue making good use of the inter-governmental cooperation mechanism and realize the goal of lifting bilateral trade to 10 billion U.S. dollars by 2020.
The two countries, he said, should expand mining, infrastructure and financial cooperation, prioritize cooperation on connectivity and major projects, and strengthen collaboration in such areas as deep processing of mineral products, new energy, electricity, agriculture and border ports.
They also should increase the size of currency swap, launch the preparatory work for the negotiation and signing of a bilateral free trade agreement at an early date, and vigorously promote the building of cross-border economic cooperation zones, added Xi.
Third, the Chinese president urged the two countries to enhance people-to-people exchanges.
The two sides, he said, should properly carry out the China-Mongolia Friendly Exchange Year program, and enhance exchanges and cooperation in such areas as youth, media, protection of intangible cultural heritage, and the prevention and control of transnational contagious diseases and desertification.
Fourth, the Chinese leader called on the two countries to promote cooperation on international affairs and under multilateral mechanisms.
The two sides, he said, should continue strengthening coordination and cooperation within the frameworks of the United Nations, the Asia-Europe Meeting, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia.
China supports Mongolia playing an active role in international and regional affairs, added the Chinese president.
For his part, Elbegdorj said the Mongolian side highly values the development of good-neighborly friendly cooperation with China and regards it as a priority of Mongolia's foreign policy.
The establishment of the comprehensive strategic partnership indicates that China-Mongolia relations have entered the best period in history, he said, noting that he fully agrees with Xi's proposal on enhancing bilateral cooperation.

China to Back Mongolia in Joining APEC
Ulaanbaatar, August 22 (MONTSAME) In a joint declaration, signed Thursday by the Presidents of Mongolia and People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Chinese side expresses a willingness to support Mongolia's goal to join the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) mechanism.
China and Mongolia have been consistently pursuing peace-oriented foreign policies and supporting international cooperation aimed at strengthening peace and security, says the document.
China is willing to see Mongolia play an active role in East Asian cooperation, and backs its efforts to participate in an appropriate manner in East Asia Summits as well as the trilateral cooperation between China, South Korea and Japan, it says.
The two countries agreed to enhance communication and coordination in such multilateral organizations and cooperation mechanisms as the United Nations, the Asia-Europe Meeting, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Greater Tumen Initiative. They will further deepen bilateral contact and coordination on peace, security and development issues in northeast Asia.
According to the declaration, Mongolia supports China's efforts to restart the Six-Party Talks, and stands ready to join the cooperation programs within the framework of the Silk Road Economic Belt initiative and the construction of an Asian infrastructure investment bank as a founding member.
China voiced support for Mongolia's proposal to hold a trilateral summit with Russia so as to further strengthen consultation and cooperation among the three neighbors.
Moreover, China said in the declaration that it backs the "Ulaanbaatar Dialogue on Northeast Asian Security" initiative proposed by the Mongolian President.

Mongolia issues a special stamp for Xi Jinping's visit
August 22 (news.mn) Mongol Post (Mongol Shuudan) has issued a special stamp to commemorate the state visit of China's President Xi Jinping to Mongolia.
The new stamp was released in an edition of 10,000.
2014 has been announced as the Year of Mongolia-China Friendly Exchanges, on the occasion of the 65thanniversary of diplomatic relations and  the 20th anniversary of the amendment to the China-Mongolia Friendship and Cooperation Treaty.
The visit by China's President Xi Jinping to Mongolia is praised as a historic visit that will lead bilateral relations and cooperation between Mongolia and China to a new level, and expand and define strategic perspectives from both parties.
Related:

Presidents of China and Mongolia Held One-To-One Meeting
August 22 (infomongolia.com) On August 21, 2014, President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping and his spouse Peng Liyuan were welcomed by President of Mongolia Tsakhia ELBEGDORJ and his spouse Khajidsuren BOLORMAA at Chinggis Square, Ulaanbaatar.
At the official welcoming ceremony, dignitaries inspected a guard of honor, where official delegates from both parties were present.
After sounding the national anthems of the two countries, President Ts.Elbegdorj and President Xi Jinping greeted the guard of honor, officials and public. Then, President Xi Jinping left a note on the Guest Book in the Government House.
Afterwards, the two Presidents held a one-to-one meeting in the State Affairs Ger Palace and at the beginning of meeting, President Ts.Elbegdorj expressed his gratitude that the President Xi Jinping is conducting his first state visit to Mongolia and mentioned his previous visit made in June 2008 when he was serving as the Vice President of China.
President Ts.Elbegdorj noted this state visit is also being conducted in the frames of the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations and in the scope of this visit, the two countries’ relations are being promoted into Comprehensive strategic partnership, which is considered a historical event and said, “Our good-neighbor relations should be more strengthened”.
During the talks, President of Mongolia proposed several requests to the state head of China, underlining to export goods and products manufactured in Mongolia under tax and volume free terms, especially products of agricultural origins. Also, to cooperate in coal processing and coal gasification sectors, and to increase year-to-year the transportation volume of goods from Asia to Europe through Mongolia territory with aims to reach to 100 million tons by 2020, besides, to increase the capacity of railway connecting Russia, Mongolia and China. Moreover, China’s support for Mongolia to become a member-economy of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).
In response, President Xi Jinping said to study the above proposals and pledged to support Mongolia for APEC member and invited the President of Mongolia to attend the APEC Summit to be held in Beijing, China. State Head Xi Jinping also mentioned possibilities to export cattle and sheep meat including value-added taxes into Chinese market. Moreover, he expressed China’s readiness to collaborate in coal sector, to construct a coal-fired power plant and to import energy from Mongolia. He also emphasized that the Government of China is ready to negotiate on Russia-Mongolia-China transit freight transportation and possibilities to develop China-Mongolia-Europe transportation.
While the two Presidents were meeting, the two First Ladies have also met in the Government House.
Related:

Official Documents Signed between Governments of Mongolia and People’s Republic of China during State Visit of President Xi Jinping
August 22 (infomongolia.com) Following a one-to-one meeting between the heads of state of China and Mongolia, President Xi Jinping and President Tsakhia ELBEGDORJ held a bilateral talk in the Government House on August 21, 2014.
After holding the bilateral talk, the two Presidents signed on joint declaration of comprehensive strategic partnership development and were present at the signing ceremonies between representatives of the two Governments, where the following documents were inked.
Official documents signed between the Governments of Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China
1. Joint Declaration on the Development of Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between Mongolia and the People’s Republic of China
- Signed by President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj and President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping;
2. Intergovernmental Protocol on All Bilateral Treaties’ Effectiveness Established between Mongolia and the PR of China in 1949-2012
3. Protocol of Cooperation between the Foreign Ministries of Mongolia and the PR of China
- Signed by Foreign Minister of Mongolia Luvsanvandan BOLD and Foreign Minister of the PR of China Wang Yi;
4. Protocol on Exchange of Note on “Agreement on Transfer of Prisoners between Mongolia and the PR of China”
- Signed by Justice Minister of Mongolia Kh.Temuujin and Foreign Minister of the PR of China Wang Yi;
5. Intergovernmental Agreement on Transit and Freight Transportation to the Sea and Back through Mongolian and Chinese territories
- Signed by Minister of Roads and Transportation of Mongolia A.Gansukh and Foreign Minister of the PR of China Wang Yi;
6. General Agreement on Developing Railway Transit Transportation
7. Memorandum of Understanding on Developing Cooperation in Railway
8. Memorandum of Understanding on Renewing the “Mongolia-China Border Railway Agreement” between the Ministry of Roads and Transportation of Mongolia and China Railway Corporation
- Signed by Minister of Roads and Transportation of Mongolia A.Gansukh and China’s Vice Minister of Transport and Head of State Railways Administration Lu Dongfu;
9. Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Intensifying Coal Deep Processing between the Ministry of Mining of Mongolia and China's National Development and Reform Commission
- Signed by Mining Minister of Mongolia D.Gankhuyag and Head of National Development and Reform Commission Xu Shaoshi;
10. Memorandum of Understanding on Establishing A Council of Mineral Resources, Energy and Infrastructure between Ministry of Economic Development of Mongolia and National Development and Reform Commission of China
- Signed by Minister for Economic Development of Mongolia N.Batbayar and Head of National Development and Reform Commission Xu Shaoshi;
11. Mid-Term Program to Develop Mongolia-China Trade and Economic Partnership
12. Intergovernmental Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation
13. Intergovernmental Exchange of Note on Establishing a Center for Children with Disabilities in Ulaanbaatar with China’s Assistance
14. Memorandum of Understanding on Economic Cooperation to Establish Mongolia-China Free Trade Zone between Ministry of Economic Development of Mongolia and Ministry of Commerce of the PR of China
- Signed by Minister for Economic Development of Mongolia N.Batbayar and Minister of Commerce of the PR of China Gao Hucheng;
15. Loan Agreement on “E-Health” Project to Establish between the Ministry of Economic Development of Mongolia and Export-Import Bank of China
16. Loan Agreement on “New Century Education” Project to Establish between the Ministry of Economic Development of Mongolia and Export-Import Bank of China
17. Loan Agreement on “Purchasing Big Capacity Tractors” Project to Establish between the Ministry of Economic Development of Mongolia and Export-Import Bank of China
- Signed by Minister for Economic Development of Mongolia N.Batbayar and President of Export-Import Bank of China Li Ruogu;
18. Agreement of Cooperation to Establish Mongolia-China Border Port Management Commission between Ports National Council of Mongolia and General Administration of China Customs (GACC)
- Signed by Minister of the Cabinet Office of the Government of Mongolia and Chairman of the Ports National Council Ch.Saikhanbileg and Minister of the GACC, Commissioner-General Yu Guangzhou;
19. Protocol on Cultural Exchange between Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Mongolia and Ministry of Culture of the PR of China
- Signed by Minister for Culture, Sports and Tourism of Mongolia Ts.Oyungerel and Minister for Culture of the PR of China Cai Wu;
20. Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation between Bank of Mongolia and Chinese Committee on Banking Supervision Inspection
- Signed by Governor of Bank of Mongolia N.Zoljargal and Chairman of Chinese Committee on Banking Supervision Inspection Shang Fulin;
21. Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation between Petroleum Authority of Mongolia and China National Petroleum Corporation
- Signed by Chairman of Petroleum Authority of Mongolia G.Ulziiburen and Vice-President of China National Petroleum Corporation Liu Hongbin;
22. Loan Agreement on “Implementation of Residential Area Project in 7th Khoroo of Sukhbaatar District, Ulaanbaatar” between State Housing Corporation of Mongolia and Export-Import Bank of China
- Signed by General Director of the State Housing Corporation of Mongolia A.Gantulga and President of Export-Import Bank of China Li Ruogu;
23. A162 million USD Commercial Loan Agreement between Development Bank of Mongolia and China Development Bank
- Signed by Executive Director for Development Bank of Mongolia N.Munkhbat and Vice Chairman of China Development Bank Zheng Zhijie;
24. General Agreement to Finance “Railway Project between Gashuun Sukhait and Gants Mod Ports” between Mongolia’s Gashuun Sukhait LLC and China’s Shenhua Group and China Development Bank
- Signed by Executive Director of “Gashuun Sukhait Railway” LLC Kh.Ganbold and President and CEO of Shenhua Group Zhang Yuzhuo.
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